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45-9 OIL AND GAS CONSERVATION
CHAPTER 45-9

OIL AND GAS CONSERVATION

45-9-1      Purpose of chapter--Development of oil and gas resources.
45-9-1.1      Functions of environment and natural resources board transferred to Board of Minerals and Environment.
45-9-2      Definition of terms.
45-9-3      Waste of oil and gas prohibited--Production of gas in conjunction with water excluded from coverage of chapter.
45-9-4      Application to drill oil or gas well--Permit--Rules and regulations of board--Fee, disposition--Agreement with surface owner.
45-9-5      Identification of ownership of facilities for producing oil or gas.
45-9-6      Testing of oil and gas wells.
45-9-7      Separation of production from wells--Gaseous and liquid hydrocarbons--Measurement.
45-9-8      Classification of wells.
45-9-9      Metering or measuring of oil, gas, or product.
45-9-10      Operation of wells with inefficient gas-oil or water-oil ratios.
45-9-11      Operations for production of oil or gas, regulation by board.
45-9-12      Production of oil and gas from field, pool, or area where physical waste created.
45-9-13      Administration of chapter by board--Rules and orders to prevent waste, protect correlative rights and govern procedure before board.
45-9-14      Prevention of oil or gas escape, intrusion of water, pollution of fresh-water supplies, and blowouts, cavings, seepages, and fires.
45-9-15      Plugging and performance bond for wells--Amount--Conditions.
45-9-15.1      Repealed.
45-9-15.2      Application date of bond requirements.
45-9-16      Recordkeeping by producers, handlers, and processors of the quantities of oil or gas--Examination.
45-9-17      Reports or plats--Filing with board.
45-9-18      Mechanical well logs, surveys and reports on well location, drilling, and production--Samples, core chips, and complete cores--Filing--Exploratory wells.
45-9-19      False representations as perjury--Drilling without permit as misdemeanor.
45-9-20      Spacing units for a pool--Purposes--Establishment by board--Exception.
45-9-21      Spacing units for a pool--Size and shape, establishment by board, modifications and exceptions.
45-9-22      Spacing units to be sized and shaped for efficient development of pool--Minimum size.
45-9-23      Spacing units for a pool--Production limited by waste--Order of board establishing, contents.
45-9-24      Spacing units of different sizes or shapes--Adjustment of allowable production.
45-9-25      Hearing to establish spacing units--Establishment of temporary spacing units by board pending determination of ultimate spacing period.
45-9-26      Order establishing spacing units for a pool--Size and shape of each unit--Location of permitted well--Exception for wells drilled or drilling at time of application.
45-9-27      Drilling of well at other than prescribed location when authorized by secretary.
45-9-28      Scope of order establishing spacing units for a pool--Modification--Inclusion of additional area--Exclusion of land not underlaid by pool.
45-9-29      Order establishing spacing units--Modification to prevent waste, avoidance of unnecessary wells, or to protect correlative rights.
45-9-30      Two or more separately owned tracts or interests embraced within spacing unit--Pooling of interests.
45-9-31      Order pooling all interests in spacing unit--Application by interested person--Notice and hearing--Terms and conditions.
45-9-32      Operation of well--Rights of owners to participate--Payment of expenses.
45-9-33      Alternative rights of owners--Surrender of leasehold interest to participating owners--Participation on a limited basis.
45-9-34      Spacing unit covered by pooling order--Definition of terms--Operations incident to the drilling of a well--Portion of production allocated to each tract.
45-9-35      Rights of owners operating well or paying costs for benefit of another under pooling order--Share of production--Determination of costs by board.
45-9-36      Well completed prior to pooling of interest in spacing unit--Sharing of production--Calculation of costs.
45-9-37      Operation as unit of one or more pools--Consideration of need--Hearing.
45-9-38      Findings of board requiring order for unit operation of a pool.
45-9-39      Order of board for unit operation of a pool--Terms and conditions--Prescribing plan of operation--Essential elements of plan.
45-9-40      Order of board for unit operation of a pool--Not effective until approved by persons responsible for operating costs.
45-9-41      Supplemental hearing on approval of plan for unit operation.
45-9-42      Order of board for unit operation of a pool--Revocation when not approved by persons owning required percentage of interest.
45-9-43      Amendment of order for unit operations--Conditions.
45-9-44      Order of board for unit operation of a pool embraced in unit area established by prior order--Allocation of production.
45-9-45      Order of Board of Minerals and Environment for unit operation on less than whole of a pool--Size and shape of unit area.
45-9-46      Operation of well upon unit area--Unit of production allocated to separately owned tract.
45-9-47      Order of board for unit operation--Express or implied obligations of contract covering land in unit area, fulfillment by conducting operations under order.
45-9-48      Order of Board of Minerals and Environment for unit operation--Ownership of portion of production allocated and proceeds of sale.
45-9-49      Order for unit operations does not transfer title.
45-9-50      Contract for sale or purchase of production from separately owned tract not terminated.
45-9-51      Rights of owners within unit area to property acquired in conduct of unit operation.
45-9-52      Agreement for cooperative development or operation of field or pool--Approval by board--Failure to submit for approval not evidence of antitrust law violation.
45-9-53      Lands to which chapter applies.
45-9-54      Enforcement of chapter--Jurisdiction of board.
45-9-55      Investigations by board.
45-9-56      Authority of board to act--Upon its own motion--Petition of interested person.
45-9-57      Repealed.
45-9-58      Notice of hearing--Service by mail or publication--Proof of service.
45-9-59      Witnesses--Production of books and records.
45-9-60      Noncompliance with subpoena--Refusal of witness to testify--Court order--Contempt.


45-9-61      Prior rules, regulations, and orders continued in force--Accrued penalties and liabilities not repealed.
45-9-62      Repealed.
45-9-63      Repealed.
45-9-64      Emergency order of board--Issuance without notice or hearing--Promulgation--Termination.
45-9-65, 45-9-66.      Repealed.
45-9-67      Appeal from rule, regulation, or order of board--Persons adversely affected--Procedure.
45-9-68      Violation of law, rule, regulation, or order--Civil penalty--Liability for damages to environment.
45-9-69      Action by attorney general to recover civil penalties--Venue.
45-9-70      Shutting down and sealing property or equipment by secretary for violation--Cancelation of lease or bond forfeiture.
45-9-71      Action for injunction--Service--Order.
45-9-72      Failure of board to enjoin violation on request of person adversely affected--Action for injunction by affected person.
45-9-73      Procedure for issuance, suspension, revocation, and renewal of permits--Hearing--Uncontested recommendation.
45-9-74      Hearing on application for order under chapter--Notice--Contested case hearing--Procedure.


Title 45
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