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36-11A WHOLESALE DRUG DISTRIBUTORS
CHAPTER 36-11A

WHOLESALE DRUG DISTRIBUTORS

36-11A-1      Definitions.
36-11A-2      Activities not included in wholesale drug distribution.
36-11A-3      Repealed.
36-11A-4      Pharmacy distributor defined.
36-11A-5      Purchase of drug from other source restricted--Penalty.
36-11A-6      Drug sample or drug coupon--Sale, purchase, trade or counterfeit prohibited--Distribution restricted--Penalty.
36-11A-7      Wholesale distribution without license prohibited--License unnecessary for agent or employee of licensed distributor--Violation as felony.
36-11A-8      Application for license.
36-11A-9      Separate license required for each facility owned or operated by same business entity.
36-11A-10      Temporary licenses.
36-11A-11      Out-of-state distributor--License--Application--Violation as felony.
36-11A-12      Approval or denial of application or renewal--Appeal.
36-11A-13      Expiration and renewal of license.
36-11A-14      Adoption of rules.
36-11A-15      Advisory committee--Members--Duties.
36-11A-16      Inspection--Exemption--Penalty.
36-11A-17      Records--Availability.
36-11A-18      Limitations on state board of pharmacy.
36-11A-19      Complaints--Procedure.
36-11A-20      Authorized distributor of record defined.
36-11A-21      Drop shipment defined.
36-11A-22      Manufacturer's exclusive distributor defined.
36-11A-23      Normal distribution channel defined.
36-11A-24      Third party logistics provider.
36-11A-25      Wholesale distributor defined.
36-11A-26      Wholesale distribution defined.
36-11A-27      Wholesale distributor license required--Exemptions.
36-11A-28      Information to be provided by applicants.
36-11A-29      Inspection of facility--Qualifications of designated representative.
36-11A-30      Criminal record check.
36-11A-31      Bond or other security required--Purpose--Exemption--License required for each facility.
36-11A-32      Changes or corrections to required information--Suspension or revocation of license.
36-11A-33      Continuing training of designated representative--Confidentiality of information.
36-11A-34      Returns or exchanges of prescription drugs.
36-11A-35      Verification that entity to which prescription drugs are to be furnished is licensed.
36-11A-36      Delivery of prescription drugs only to licensed premises--Exception.
36-11A-37      Receipt to be signed by authorized hospital pharmacy receiving personnel--Reporting of discrepancies.
36-11A-38      Accounts for purchase of prescription drugs.
36-11A-39      Pedigrees to be provided for prescription drugs that leave normal distribution channel.
36-11A-40      Electronic track and trace pedigree technology.
36-11A-41      Verification of transactions listed on pedigree.
36-11A-42      Chain of distribution information to be included on pedigree.


36-11A-43      Additional information to be included on pedigree.
36-11A-44      Pedigrees and electronic files to be maintained and available for inspection.
36-11A-45      Cease and desist order for violation--Hearing.
36-11A-46      Prohibited acts--Misdemeanor or felony.


36-11A-1 Definitions.
     36-11A-1.   Definitions. Terms used in this chapter mean:
             (1)      "Authentication," to affirmatively verify before any wholesale distribution of a prescription drug occurs that each transaction listed on the pedigree has occurred;
             (2)      "Board," the State Board of Pharmacy;
             (3)      "Chain pharmacy warehouse," a physical location for prescription drugs that acts as a central warehouse and performs intracompany sales or transfers of such drugs to a group of chain pharmacies that have the same common ownership and control;
             (4)      Co-licensed partner," a party that, with another party or parties, has the right to engage in the manufacturing or marketing, or both, of a co-licensed product;
             (5)      "Co-licensed product," a prescription drug in which two or more parties have the right to engage in the manufacturing or marketing, or both, of a drug consistent with the federal Food and Drug Administration's implementation of the Prescription Drug Marketing Act (21 C.F.R. Parts 203 and 205);
             (6)      "Drug," "prescription drug," any drug, including any biological product, except for blood and blood components intended for transfusion or biological products that are also medical devices required by federal law or federal regulation to be dispensed only by a prescription, including finished dosage forms and bulk drug substances subject to § 503(b) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act;
             (7)      "Drug coupon," a form which may be redeemed at no cost or at reduced cost for a prescription drug;
             (8)      "Drug Enforcement Administration," the Drug Enforcement Administration of the United States Department of Justice;
             (9)      "Drug sample," a unit of a prescription drug that is not intended to be sold and is intended to promote the sale of the drug;
             (10)      "Facility," a facility of a wholesale distributor where prescription drugs are stored, handled, repackaged, or offered for sale;
             (11)      "Manufacturer," as defined by the federal Food and Drug Administration's regulations implementing the Prescription Drug Marketing Act (21 C.F.R. Parts 203 and 205);
             (12)      "Out-of-state wholesale drug distributor," a wholesale drug distributor with no physical facilities located in this state;
             (13)      "Pharmacy," a place registered by the board under chapter 36-11 in which prescription drugs are sold at retail;
             (14)      "Pedigree," a document or electronic file containing information that records each wholesale distribution of any given prescription drug;
             (15)      "Repackage," repackaging or otherwise changing the container, wrapper, or labeling to further the distribution of a prescription drug excluding that completed by the pharmacist responsible for dispensing the drug to the patient;
             (16)      "Repackager," a person who repackages.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 1; SL 2007, ch 215, § 1.


36-11A-2 Activities not included in wholesale drug distribution.
     36-11A-2.   Activities not included in wholesale drug distribution. Wholesale drug distribution is the distribution of prescription drugs to persons other than a consumer or patient. The term does not include:
             (1)      Intracompany sales between any division, subsidiary, parent or otherwise affiliated or related company under the common ownership and control of a corporate entity;
             (2)      The purchase or other acquisition by a hospital or other health care entity that is a member of a group purchasing organization of a drug for its own use from the group purchasing organization or from other hospitals or health care entities that are members of such organizations;
             (3)      The sale, purchase or trade of a drug or an offer to sell, purchase or trade a drug by a charitable organization described in § 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended through January 1, 1991, to a nonprofit affiliate of the organization to the extent otherwise permitted by law;
             (4)      The sale, purchase or trade of a drug or an offer to sell, purchase or trade a drug among hospitals or other health care entities that are under common control;
             (5)      The sale, purchase or trade of a drug, or an offer to sell, purchase or trade a drug, for emergency medical reasons;
             (6)      The sale, purchase or trade of a drug, an offer to sell, purchase or trade a drug, or the dispensing of a drug pursuant to a prescription;
             (7)      The transfer of drugs by a retail pharmacy to another retail pharmacy to alleviate a temporary shortage;
             (8)      The distribution of drug samples by manufacturers' representatives or distributors' representatives;
             (9)      The sale, purchase, or trade of blood and blood components intended for transfusion; or
             (10)      The sale, purchase, or trade of a drug to an individual under any form of insurance or an employee medical benefit program pursuant to a prescription.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 2.


36-11A-3
     36-11A-3.   Repealed by SL 2007, ch 215, § 29.


36-11A-4 Pharmacy distributor defined.
     36-11A-4.   Pharmacy distributor defined. A pharmacy distributor is any pharmacy or hospital pharmacy that is engaged in the delivery or distribution of prescription drugs either to another pharmacy or to another person or entity, including to a wholesale drug distributor as defined in § 36-11A-3, that is engaged in the delivery or distribution of prescription drugs and who is involved in the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer of a drug in this state to other than the ultimate consumer, if the financial value of the drugs so delivered or distributed is equivalent to at least five percent of the total gross sales of the pharmacy.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 4.


36-11A-5 Purchase of drug from other source restricted--Penalty.
     36-11A-5.   Purchase of drug from other source restricted--Penalty. No person, other than a consumer or patient, may knowingly purchase or receive a prescription drug from any source other than a wholesale drug distributor or pharmacy licensed by the board under this chapter or chapter 36-11, as applicable.
     Any person who violates this section is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor for the first conviction and a Class 6 felony for any subsequent conviction.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, §§ 5, 20.


36-11A-6 Drug sample or drug coupon--Sale, purchase, trade or counterfeit prohibited--Distribution ...
     36-11A-6.   Drug sample or drug coupon--Sale, purchase, trade or counterfeit prohibited--Distribution restricted--Penalty. No person may sell, purchase, or trade a prescription drug sample or offer to sell, purchase, or trade a drug sample or a drug coupon. No person may counterfeit such a coupon. No person may distribute drug samples except as provided in § 503(d) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, as amended through January 1, 1991.
     Any person who violates this section is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor for the first conviction and a Class 6 felony for any subsequent conviction.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, §§ 6, 20.


36-11A-7 Wholesale distribution without license prohibited--License unnecessary for agent or employ...
     36-11A-7.   Wholesale distribution without license prohibited--License unnecessary for agent or employee of licensed distributor--Violation as felony. No person or distribution outlet may engage in the wholesale distribution of prescription drugs in this state unless that person or outlet is licensed by the board as a wholesale distributor in accordance with the minimum standards, conditions and terms set forth in this chapter and in rules adopted pursuant to chapter 1-26.
     An agent or employee of a licensed wholesale drug distributor need not seek licensure under this chapter and may lawfully possess prescription drugs when the agent or employee is acting in the usual course of business or employment.
     Any person who violates this section is guilty of a Class 6 felony.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, §§ 7, 20.


36-11A-8 Application for license.
     36-11A-8.   Application for license. An applicant for licensure as a wholesale distributor shall apply annually to the board on a form provided by the board. The application shall be accompanied by a license fee set by the board. The fee may not exceed two hundred fifty dollars. All financial statements or related information submitted by applicants shall be treated as confidential materials.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 8.


36-11A-9 Separate license required for each facility owned or operated by same business entity.
     36-11A-9.   Separate license required for each facility owned or operated by same business entity. The board may require a separate license for each facility directly or indirectly owned or operated by the same business entity within this state or for a parent entity with divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliate companies within this state if operations are conducted at more than one location and joint ownership and control exists among all the entities.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 9.


36-11A-10 Temporary licenses.
     36-11A-10.   Temporary licenses. The board may grant temporary licensure when a wholesale drug distributor first applies for a license to operate within this state. Temporary licenses remain valid until the board approves or denies the license or for ninety days, whichever occurs first.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 10.


36-11A-11 Out-of-state distributor--License--Application--Violation as felony.
     36-11A-11.   Out-of-state distributor--License--Application--Violation as felony. No out-of-state wholesale drug distributor may conduct business in this state without first obtaining a license from the board and paying the license fee set by the board. Application for an out-of-state wholesale drug distributor license under this section shall be made on a form provided by the board. Each person acting as a principal or agent for an out-of-state wholesale drug distributor to sell or distribute drugs in this state shall obtain a license unless the distributor has obtained a license pursuant to this chapter. Out-of-state wholesale drug distributors may obtain the license required by this chapter on the basis of reciprocity if the out-of-state wholesale drug distributor possesses a valid license granted by another state pursuant to standards comparable to those in this state and the other state extends reciprocal treatment under its laws to wholesale drug distributors of this state.
     Any person who violates this section is guilty of a Class 6 felony.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, §§ 11, 20.


36-11A-12 Approval or denial of application or renewal--Appeal.
     36-11A-12.   Approval or denial of application or renewal--Appeal. The board may approve, approve with conditions, or deny the application for licensure or renewal of licensure as a wholesale distributor based on information concerning the qualifications of the applicant provided in the application. No license to engage in wholesale drug distribution may be issued or renewed unless the applicant agrees to operate and satisfies the board that it operates in a manner prescribed by federal law, this chapter and the rules adopted by the board.
     An applicant may appeal the decision of the board regarding licensure or renewal of licensure pursuant to contested case procedures in chapter 1-26.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 12.


36-11A-13 Expiration and renewal of license.
     36-11A-13.   Expiration and renewal of license. Each wholesale drug distributor license expires on December thirty-first following the date of issue. The board shall mail an application for license renewal to each licensee before December first of each year. If application for renewal of the license accompanied by the annual license fee is not made before the expiration date, the existing license lapses on the date of expiration.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 13.


36-11A-14 Adoption of rules.
     36-11A-14.   Adoption of rules. The board shall adopt necessary and reasonable rules pursuant to chapter 1-26 to carry out the purposes and enforce the provisions of this chapter within ten months after July 1, 1991. The rules promulgated pursuant to this section shall conform to the guidelines for state licensing of wholesale prescription drug distributors adopted by the United States Food and Drug Administration pursuant to the Federal Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987, as amended through January 1, 1991. Rules may be adopted in the following areas:
             (1)      Application procedures and information required for initial application and for renewal of license;
             (2)      Treatment of confidential materials;
             (3)      Qualification of applicants;
             (4)      Temporary licensure;
             (5)      Licensure by reciprocity;
             (6)      Annual license fee;
             (7)      Requirements for storing and handling prescription drugs;
             (8)      Record keeping;
             (9)      Liability insurance;
             (10)      Security systems and procedures;
             (11)      Personnel;
             (12)      Policies and procedures;
             (13)      Inspection of incoming and outgoing product shipments by licensees;
             (14)      Conduct of inspections by the board;
             (15)      Due process; and
             (16)      Advisory committee appointments.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 14.


36-11A-15 Advisory committee--Members--Duties.
     36-11A-15.   Advisory committee--Members--Duties. The board shall appoint a wholesale drug distributor advisory committee composed of five members who shall serve without compensation. Committee members shall be selected as follows:
             (1)      At least one member shall be a pharmacist or pharmacy distributor who shall neither be a member nor an employee of the board;
             (2)      At least two members shall be representatives of wholesale drug distributors as defined in § 36-11A-3; and
             (3)      At least one member shall be a representative of manufacturers as defined in subdivision 36-11A-1(5).
     In making advisory committee appointments, the board shall consider recommendations received from pharmacists, wholesale drug distributors and manufacturers. Committee members shall serve terms of three years, except initial appointees, whose terms shall be staggered so that no more than two members' terms expire in any one year. If a vacancy occurs, the board shall appoint a person to fill the unexpired term.
     The advisory committee shall review and make recommendations to the board on the merit of all rules dealing with wholesale drug distributors which are proposed by the board. No rule affecting wholesale drug distributors promulgated by the board may be approved without first being submitted to the committee for review and comment. Failure of the committee to comment on proposed rules does not prevent the board from adopting the rules in compliance with chapter 1-26.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 15.


36-11A-16 Inspection--Exemption--Penalty.
     36-11A-16.   Inspection--Exemption--Penalty. For the purpose of conducting an inspection, persons authorized by the board and showing identification may enter during normal business hours all premises in this state purporting or appearing to be used by a wholesale drug distributor. No person may deny the right of entry as provided in this section to an authorized person. Any wholesale drug distributor who provides documentation of the most recent satisfactory inspection that is less than two years old by either the United States Food and Drug Administration or a state agency, if it is determined to be comparable by the board, is exempt from further inspection for a period of time to be determined by the board. This exemption does not bar the board from initiating an investigation pursuant to a public or governmental complaint received by the board regarding a wholesale drug distributor.
     Any person who violates this section is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor for the first conviction and a Class 6 felony for any subsequent conviction.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, §§ 16, 20.


36-11A-17 Records--Availability.
     36-11A-17.   Records--Availability. Wholesale drug distributors may keep records at a central location apart from the principal office of the wholesale drug distributor or the location at which the drugs were stored and from which they were shipped if the records are made available for inspection within two working days after a request by the board. Records may be kept in any form permissible under rules adopted by the board pursuant to chapter 1-26. Records shall be kept at least two years.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 17.


36-11A-18 Limitations on state board of pharmacy.
     36-11A-18.   Limitations on state board of pharmacy. The board may not require the employment of licensed pharmacists by wholesale distributor licensees unless otherwise required by law, nor may the board regulate prices or the terms and conditions of sale of prescription drugs unless otherwise specified in this chapter.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 18.


36-11A-19 Complaints--Procedure.
     36-11A-19.   Complaints--Procedure. Complaints arising from any provision of this chapter shall be handled in compliance with contested case procedure in chapter 1-26, and the board may suspend, revoke, or condition the license of the licensee if the facts warrant.

Source: SL 1991, ch 307, § 19.


36-11A-20 Authorized distributor of record defined.
     36-11A-20.   Authorized distributor of record defined. For the purposes of this chapter, an authorized distributor of record is a wholesale distributor with whom a manufacturer has established an ongoing relationship to distribute the manufacturer's prescription drug. An ongoing relationship is deemed to exist between such wholesale distributor and a manufacturer when the wholesale distributor, including any affiliated group of the wholesale distributor, as defined in Section 1504 of the Internal Revenue Code, complies with both of the following:
             (1)      The wholesale distributor has a written agreement currently in effect with the manufacturer evidencing such ongoing relationship; and
             (2)      The wholesale distributor is listed on the manufacturer's current list of authorized distributors of record, which is updated by the manufacturer on no less than a monthly basis.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 2.


36-11A-21 Drop shipment defined.
     36-11A-21.   Drop shipment defined. For the purposes of §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive, drop shipment is the sale of a prescription drug to a wholesale distributor by the manufacturer of the prescription drug, or that manufacturer's co-licensed product partner, that manufacturer's third party logistics provider, or that manufacturer's exclusive distributor, whereby the wholesale distributor or chain pharmacy warehouse takes title but not physical possession of such prescription drug and the wholesale distributor invoices the pharmacy or chain pharmacy warehouse, or other person authorized by law to dispense or administer such drug to a patient, and the pharmacy or chain pharmacy warehouse or other authorized person receives delivery of the prescription drug directly from the manufacturer, or that manufacturer's third party logistics provider, or that manufacturer's exclusive distributor.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 3.


36-11A-22 Manufacturer's exclusive distributor defined.
     36-11A-22.   Manufacturer's exclusive distributor defined. For the purposes of §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive, a manufacturer's exclusive distributor is any person who contracts with a manufacturer to provide or coordinate warehousing, distribution, or other services on behalf of a manufacturer and who takes title to that manufacturer's prescription drug, but who does not have general responsibility to direct the sale or disposition of the manufacturer's prescription drug. Such manufacturer's exclusive distributor must be licensed as a wholesale distributor under §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive, and to be considered part of the normal distribution channel must also be an authorized distributor of record.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 4.


36-11A-23 Normal distribution channel defined.
     36-11A-23.   Normal distribution channel defined. For the purposes of §§ 36-11A-20 to 35-11A-46, inclusive, a normal distribution channel is a chain of custody for a prescription drug that goes from a manufacturer of the prescription drug, or from that manufacturer to that manufacturer's co-licensed partner, or from that manufacturer to that manufacturer's third-party logistics provider, or from that manufacturer to that manufacturer's exclusive distributor, directly or by drop shipment, to:
             (1)      A pharmacy to a patient or other designated persons authorized by law to dispense or administer such drug to a patient;
             (2)      A wholesale distributor to a pharmacy to a patient or other designated persons authorized by law to dispense or administer such drug to a patient;
             (3)      A wholesale distributor to a chain pharmacy warehouse to that chain pharmacy warehouse's intracompany pharmacy to a patient or other designated persons authorized by law to dispense or administer such drug to a patient; or
             (4)      A chain pharmacy warehouse to the chain pharmacy warehouse's intracompany pharmacy to a patient or other designated persons authorized by law to dispense or administer such drug to a patient.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 5.


36-11A-24 Third party logistics provider.
     36-11A-24.   Third party logistics provider. For the purposes of §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive, a third party logistics provider is any person who contracts with a prescription drug manufacturer to provide or coordinate warehousing, distribution, or other services on behalf of a manufacturer, but does not take title to the prescription drug or have general responsibility to direct the prescription drug's sale or disposition. Such third party logistics provider must be licensed as a wholesale distributor under §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive, and to be considered part of the normal distribution channel must also be an authorized distributor of record.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 6.


36-11A-25 Wholesale distributor defined.
     36-11A-25.   Wholesale distributor defined. For the purposes of §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive, a wholesale distributor is any person engaged in the wholesale distribution of prescription drugs, including manufacturers; repackagers; own-label distributors; private-label distributors; jobbers; brokers; warehouses, including manufacturers' and distributors' warehouses; manufacturer's exclusive distributors; authorized distributors of record; drug wholesalers or distributors; independent wholesale drug traders; specialty wholesale distributors; third party logistics providers; retail pharmacies that conduct wholesale distribution; hospital pharmacies; reverse distributors; and chain pharmacy warehouses that conduct wholesale distribution. To be considered part of the normal distribution channel such wholesale distributor must also be an authorized distributor of record.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 7.


36-11A-26 Wholesale distribution defined.
     36-11A-26.   Wholesale distribution defined. For the purposes of §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive, wholesale distribution is distribution of prescription drugs to persons other than a consumer or patient, but does not include:
             (1)      Intracompany sales of prescription drugs, meaning any transaction or transfer between any division, subsidiary, parent or affiliated or related company under common ownership and control of a corporate entity, or any transaction or transfer between co-licensees of a co-licensed product;
             (2)      The sale, purchase, distribution, trade, or transfer of a prescription drug or offer to sell, purchase, distribute, trade, or transfer a prescription drug for emergency medical reasons;
             (3)      The distribution of prescription drug samples by manufacturers' representatives;
             (4)      Drug returns, when conducted by a hospital, health care entity, or charitable institution in accordance with 21 C.F.R. § 203.23;
             (5)      The sale of minimal quantities of prescription drugs by retail pharmacies to licensed practitioners for office use;
             (6)      The sale, purchase, or trade of a drug, an offer to sell, purchase, or trade a drug, or the dispensing of a drug pursuant to a prescription;
             (7)      The sale, transfer, merger, or consolidation of all or part of the business of a pharmacy or pharmacies from or with another pharmacy or pharmacies, whether accomplished as a purchase and sale of stock or business assets;
             (8)      The sale, purchase, distribution, trade, or transfer of a prescription drug from one authorized distributor of record to one additional authorized distributor of record when the manufacturer has stated in writing to the receiving authorized distributor of record that the manufacturer is unable to supply such prescription drug and the supplying authorized distributor of record states in writing that the prescription drug being supplied had until that time been exclusively in the normal distribution channel;
             (9)      The delivery of, or offer to deliver, a prescription drug by a common carrier solely in the common carrier's usual course of business of transporting prescription drugs, and such common carrier does not store, warehouse, or take legal ownership of the prescription drug;
             (10)      The sale or transfer from a retail pharmacy or chain pharmacy warehouse of expired, damaged, returned, or recalled prescription drugs to the original manufacturer or to a third party returns processor.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 8.


36-11A-27 Wholesale distributor license required--Exemptions.
     36-11A-27.   Wholesale distributor license required--Exemptions. Any wholesale distributor who engages in the wholesale distribution of prescription drugs in this state must be licensed by the board, in accordance with §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive, before engaging in wholesale distributions of wholesale prescription drugs. The board shall exempt manufacturers distributing their own FDA-approved drugs and devices from any qualifications required for licensing, to the extent not required by federal law or regulation, including the requirements in subdivisions 36-11A-28(7) and (8), and §§ 36-11A-29 to 36-11A-31, inclusive.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 9.


36-11A-28 Information to be provided by applicants.
     36-11A-28.   Information to be provided by applicants. The board shall require the following minimum information from each wholesale distributor applying to obtain a license under § 36-11A-27:
             (1)      The name, full business address, and telephone number of the licensee;
             (2)      Any trade or business name used by the licensee;
             (3)      The address, telephone number, and the name of any contact person for any facilities used by the licensee for the storage, handling, and distribution of prescription drugs;
             (4)      The type of ownership or operation;
             (5)      The name of the owner and the operator of the licensee, including:
             (a)      If a person, the name of the person;
             (b)      If a partnership, the name of each partner, and the name of the partnership;
             (c)      If a corporation, the name and title of each corporate officer and director, the corporate names, and the name of the state of incorporation; and
             (d)      If a sole proprietorship, the full name of the sole proprietor and the name of the business entity;
             (6)      A list of all licenses and permits issued to the applicant by any other state that authorizes the applicant to purchase or possess prescription drugs;
             (7)      The name of the applicant's designated representative for the facility, together with the personal information statement and fingerprints, required pursuant to subdivision (8) for such person;
             (8)      Each person required by subdivision (7) to provide a personal information statement and fingerprints, if required, shall provide the following information to the board:
             (a)      The person's places of residence for the past seven years;
             (b)      The person's date and place of birth;
             (c)      The person's occupations, positions of employment, and offices held during the past seven years;
             (d)      The principal business and address of any business, corporation, or other organization in which each such office of the person was held or in which each such occupation or position of employment was carried on;
             (e)      Whether the person has been, during the past seven years, the subject of any proceeding for the revocation of any license or any criminal violation and, if so, the nature of the proceeding and the disposition of the proceeding;
             (f)      Whether, during the past seven years, the person has been enjoined, either temporarily or permanently, by a court of competent jurisdiction from violating any federal or state law regulating the possession, control, or distribution of prescription drugs or had any criminal violations of such laws, together with details concerning any such event;
             (g)      A description of any involvement by the person with any business, including any investments, other than the ownership of stock in a publicly traded company or mutual fund, during the past seven years, which manufactured, administered, prescribed, distributed, or stored pharmaceutical products and any lawsuits in which such businesses were named as a party;
             (h)      A description of any misdemeanor or felony criminal offense of which the person, as an adult, was found guilty, regardless of whether adjudication of guilt was withheld or whether the person pled guilty or nolo contendere. If the person indicates that a criminal conviction is under appeal and submits a copy of the notice of appeal of that criminal offense, the applicant shall, within fifteen days after the disposition of the appeal, submit to the board a copy of the final written order of disposition; and
             (i)      A photograph of the person taken in the previous one hundred eighty days.
     The information required pursuant to this section shall be provided under oath.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 10.


36-11A-29 Inspection of facility--Qualifications of designated representative.
     36-11A-29.   Inspection of facility--Qualifications of designated representative. The board may not issue a wholesale distributor license to an applicant, unless the board or a nationally recognized accreditation program approved by the board:
             (1)      Conducts a physical inspection of the facility at the address provided by the applicant as required in subdivision 36-11A-28(1); and
             (2)      Determines that the designated representative meets the following qualifications:
             (a)      Is at least twenty-one years of age;
             (b)      Has been employed full time for at least three years in a pharmacy or with a wholesale distributor in a capacity related to the dispensing and distribution of, and recordkeeping relating to, prescription drugs;
             (c)      Is employed by the applicant full time in a managerial level position;
             (d)      Is actively involved in and aware of the actual daily operation of the wholesale distributor;
             (e)      Is physically present at the facility of the applicant during regular business hours, except when the absence of the designated representative is authorized, including sick leave and vacation leave;
             (f)      Is serving in the capacity of a designated representative for only one applicant at a time, except where more than one licensed wholesale distributor is co-located in the same facility and such wholesale distributors are members of an affiliated group, as defined in Section 1504 of the Internal Revenue Code;
             (g)      Does not have any convictions under any federal, state, or local laws relating to wholesale or retail prescription drug distribution or distribution of controlled substances; and
             (h)      Does not have any felony convictions under federal or state laws.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 11.


36-11A-30 Criminal record check.
     36-11A-30.   Criminal record check. The board may require the applicant to submit the fingerprints provided by a person with a license application for a statewide criminal record check and for forwarding to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for a national criminal record check of the person.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 12.


36-11A-31 Bond or other security required--Purpose--Exemption--License required for each facility.
     36-11A-31.   Bond or other security required--Purpose--Exemption--License required for each facility. The board shall require every wholesale distributor applying for a license to submit a bond of at least one hundred thousand dollars, or other equivalent means of security acceptable to the board, such as an irrevocable letter of credit or a deposit in a trust account or financial institution, payable to a fund established by the board. The board shall establish a fund, separate from its other accounts, in which to deposit the wholesale distributor bonds. Any chain pharmacy warehouse that is not engaged in wholesale distribution is exempt from the bond requirement. The purpose of the bond is to secure payment of any fines or penalties imposed by the board and any fees and costs incurred by the board regarding that license, which are authorized pursuant to statute and which the licensee fails to pay thirty days after the fines, penalties, or costs become final. The board may make a claim against such bond or security until one year after the licensee's license ceases to be valid. A single bond may suffice to cover all facilities operated by the applicant in the state.
     If a wholesale distributor distributes prescription drugs from more than one facility, the wholesale distributor shall obtain a license for each facility.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 13.


36-11A-32 Changes or corrections to required information--Suspension or revocation of license.
     36-11A-32.   Changes or corrections to required information--Suspension or revocation of license. In accordance with each licensure renewal, the board shall send to each wholesale distributor licensed under § 36-11A-27 a form setting forth the information that the wholesale distributor provided pursuant to § 36-11A-28. Within thirty days of receiving such form, the wholesale distributor shall identify and state under oath to the board any changes or corrections to the information that was provided pursuant to § 36-11A-28. Changes in, or corrections to, any information in § 36-11A-28 shall be submitted to the board as required by such authority. The board may suspend or revoke the license of a wholesale distributor if such authority determines that the wholesale distributor no longer qualifies for the license issued under § 36-11A-28.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 14.


36-11A-33 Continuing training of designated representative--Confidentiality of information.
     36-11A-33.   Continuing training of designated representative--Confidentiality of information. The designated representative identified pursuant to subdivision 36-11A-28(7) shall receive and complete continuing training in applicable federal and state laws governing wholesale distribution of prescription drugs.
     The information provided under § 36-11A-28 may not be disclosed to any person or entity other than a state board or agency, government board, or government agency, determined to be comparable by the board, provided such licensing authority, government board, or agency needs such information for licensing or monitoring purposes.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 15.


36-11A-34 Returns or exchanges of prescription drugs.
     36-11A-34.   Returns or exchanges of prescription drugs. A wholesale distributor shall receive prescription drug returns or exchanges from a pharmacy or chain pharmacy warehouse pursuant to the terms and conditions of the agreement between the wholesale distributor and the pharmacy or chain pharmacy warehouse. Returns of expired, damaged, recalled, or otherwise nonsaleable pharmaceutical products shall be distributed by the receiving wholesale distributor only to either the original manufacturer or a third party returns processor. The returns or exchanges of prescription drugs, saleable or otherwise, including any redistribution by a receiving wholesaler, are not subject to the pedigree requirement of § 36-11A-39, so long as they are exempt from pedigree under the Federal Food and Drug Administration's currently applicable Prescription Drug Marketing Act guidance. Wholesale distributors and pharmacies shall be held accountable for administering their returns process and ensuring that the aspects of this operation are secure and do not permit the entry of adulterated and counterfeit product.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 16.


36-11A-35 Verification that entity to which prescription drugs are to be furnished is licensed.
     36-11A-35.   Verification that entity to which prescription drugs are to be furnished is licensed. A manufacturer or wholesale distributor shall furnish prescription drugs only to a person or entity licensed by the appropriate board. Before furnishing prescription drugs to a person or entity not known to the manufacturer or wholesale distributor, the manufacturer or wholesale distributor shall affirmatively verify that the person or entity is legally authorized to receive the prescription drugs by contacting the appropriate board.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 17.


36-11A-36 Delivery of prescription drugs only to licensed premises--Exception.
     36-11A-36.   Delivery of prescription drugs only to licensed premises--Exception. Prescription drugs furnished by a manufacturer or wholesale distributor shall be delivered only to the premises listed on the license. However, the manufacturer or wholesale distributor may furnish prescription drugs to an authorized person or agent of that person at the premises of the manufacturer or wholesale distributor if:
             (1)      The identity and authorization of the recipient is properly established; and
             (2)      This method of receipt is employed only to meet the immediate needs of a particular patient of the authorized person.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 18.


36-11A-37 Receipt to be signed by authorized hospital pharmacy receiving personnel--Reporting of dis...
     36-11A-37.   Receipt to be signed by authorized hospital pharmacy receiving personnel--Reporting of discrepancies. Prescription drugs may be furnished to a hospital pharmacy receiving area provided that a pharmacist or authorized receiving personnel signs, at the time of delivery, a receipt showing the type and quantity of the prescription drug so received. Any discrepancy between receipt and the type and quantity of the prescription drug actually received shall be reported to the delivering manufacturer or wholesale distributor by the next business day after the delivery to the pharmacy receiving area.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 19.


36-11A-38 Accounts for purchase of prescription drugs.
     36-11A-38.   Accounts for purchase of prescription drugs. A manufacturer or wholesale distributor may not accept payment for, or allow the use of, a person or entity's credit to establish an account for the purchase of prescription drugs from any person other than the owner of record, the chief executive officer, or the chief financial officer listed on the license of a person or entity legally authorized to receive prescription drugs. Any account established for the purchase of prescription drugs must bear the name of the licensee.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 20.


36-11A-39 Pedigrees to be provided for prescription drugs that leave normal distribution channel.
     36-11A-39.   Pedigrees to be provided for prescription drugs that leave normal distribution channel. Each person who is engaged in wholesale distribution of prescription drugs, including repackagers, but excluding the original manufacturer of the finished form of the prescription drug that leave, or have ever left, the normal distribution channel shall, before each wholesale distribution of such drug, provide a pedigree to the person who receives such drug.
     A retail pharmacy or chain pharmacy warehouse shall comply with the requirements of this section only if the pharmacy or chain pharmacy warehouse engages in wholesale distribution of prescription drugs, as defined in § 36-11A-26.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 21.


36-11A-40 Electronic track and trace pedigree technology.
     36-11A-40.   Electronic track and trace pedigree technology. The board shall determine by July 1, 2009, a targeted implementation date for electronic track and trace pedigree technology. Such a determination shall be based on consultation with manufacturers, distributors, and pharmacies responsible for the sale and distribution of prescription drug products in this state. After consultation with interested stakeholders and prior to implementation of the electronic pedigree, the board shall determine that the technology is universally available across the entire prescription pharmaceutical supply chain. The implementation date for the mandated electronic track and trace pedigree technology shall be no sooner than July 1, 2010, and may be extended by the board in one year increments if it appears the technology is not universally available across the entire prescription pharmaceutical supply chain.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 22.


36-11A-41 Verification of transactions listed on pedigree.
     36-11A-41.   Verification of transactions listed on pedigree. Each person who is engaged in the wholesale distribution of a prescription drug including repackagers, but excluding the original manufacturer of the finished form of the prescription drug, who is provided a pedigree for a prescription drug and attempts to further distribute that prescription drug, shall affirmatively verify before any distribution of a prescription drug occurs that each transaction listed on the pedigree has occurred.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 23.


36-11A-42 Chain of distribution information to be included on pedigree.
     36-11A-42.   Chain of distribution information to be included on pedigree. The pedigree shall include all necessary identifying information concerning each sale in the chain of distribution of the product from the manufacturer, or the manufacturer's third party logistics provider, co-licensed product partner, manufacturer's exclusive distributor, through acquisition and sale by any wholesale distributor or repackager, until final sale to a pharmacy or other person dispensing or administering the drug. At minimum, the necessary chain of distribution information shall include:
             (1)      Name, address, telephone number, and if available, the e-mail address, of each owner of the prescription drug, and each wholesale distributor of the prescription drug;
             (2)      Name and address of each location from which the product was shipped, if different from the owner's;
             (3)      Transaction dates; and
             (4)      Certification that each recipient has authenticated the pedigree.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 24.


36-11A-43 Additional information to be included on pedigree.
     36-11A-43.   Additional information to be included on pedigree. In addition to the requirements of § 36-11A-42, the pedigree shall also include the following minimum requirements:
             (1)      Name and national drug code number of the prescription drug;
             (2)      Dosage form and strength of the prescription drug;
             (3)      Size of the container;
             (4)      Number of containers;
             (5)      Lot number of the prescription drug; and
             (6)      Name of the manufacturer of the finished dosage form.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 25.


36-11A-44 Pedigrees and electronic files to be maintained and available for inspection.
     36-11A-44.   Pedigrees and electronic files to be maintained and available for inspection. Each pedigree or electronic file shall be:
             (1)      Maintained by the purchaser and the wholesale distributor for three years from the date of sale or transfer; and
             (2)      Available for inspection or use within two business days upon a request of an authorized officer of the law.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 26.


36-11A-45 Cease and desist order for violation--Hearing.
     36-11A-45.   Cease and desist order for violation--Hearing. The board shall issue an order requiring the appropriate person including any distributor or retailer of the drug to immediately cease distribution of the drug within this state if the board finds that there is a reasonable probability that:
             (1)      A wholesale distributor, other than a manufacturer, has:
             (a)      Violated a provision of §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive; or
             (b)      Falsified a pedigree, or sold, distributed, transferred, manufactured, repackaged, handled, or held a counterfeit prescription drug intended for human use;
             (2)      The prescription drug at issue as a result of a violation in subdivision (1) could cause serious, adverse health consequences or death; and
             (3)      Other procedures would result in unreasonable delay.
     An order under this section shall provide the person subject to the order with an opportunity for an informal hearing, to be held not later than ten days after the date of the issuance of the order, on the actions required by the order. If, after providing an opportunity for such a hearing, the board determines that inadequate grounds exist to support the actions required by the order, the board shall vacate the order.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 27.


36-11A-46 Prohibited acts--Misdemeanor or felony.
     36-11A-46.   Prohibited acts--Misdemeanor or felony. It is unlawful for a person to perform or cause the performance of or aid and abet any of the following acts in this state:
             (1)      Failure to obtain a license in accordance with §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive, or operating without a valid license when a license is required by §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive;
             (2)      If the requirements of § 36-11A-34 are applicable and are not met, the purchasing or otherwise receiving a prescription drug from a pharmacy;
             (3)      If a state license is required pursuant to § 36-11A-35, the sale, distribution, or transfer of a prescription drug to a person that is not authorized under the law of the jurisdiction in which the person receives the prescription drug to receive the prescription drug;
             (4)      Failure to deliver prescription drugs to specified premises, as required by § 36-11A-36;
             (5)      Accepting payment or credit for the sale of prescription drugs in violation of § 36-11A-38;
             (6)      Failure to maintain or provide pedigrees as required by §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive;
             (7)      Failure to obtain, pass, or authenticate a pedigree, as required by §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive;
             (8)      Providing the state or any of its representatives or any federal official with false or fraudulent records or making false or fraudulent statements regarding any matter within the provisions of §§ 36-11A-20 to 36-11A-46, inclusive;
             (9)      Obtaining or attempting to obtain a prescription drug by fraud, deceit, misrepresentation or engaging in misrepresentation or fraud in the distribution of a prescription drug;
             (10)      Except for the wholesale distribution by manufacturers of a prescription drug that has been delivered into commerce pursuant to an application approved under federal law by the Food and Drug Administration, the manufacture, repacking, sale, transfer, delivery, holding, or offering for sale any prescription drug that is adulterated, misbranded, counterfeit, suspected of being counterfeit, or has otherwise been rendered unfit for distribution;
             (11)      Except for the wholesale distribution by manufacturers of a prescription drug that has been delivered into commerce pursuant to an application approved under Federal law by the Food and Drug Administration, the adulteration, misbranding, or counterfeiting of any prescription drug;
             (12)      The receipt of any prescription drug that is adulterated, misbranded, stolen, obtained by fraud or deceit, counterfeit, or suspected of being counterfeit, and the delivery or proffered delivery of such drug for pay or otherwise; and
             (13)      The alteration, mutilation, destruction, obliteration, or removal of the whole or any part of the labeling of a prescription drug or the commission of any other act with respect to a prescription drug that results in the prescription drug being misbranded.
     Any person who violates this section is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor for the first conviction and a Class 6 felony for any subsequent conviction.

Source: SL 2007, ch 215, § 28.


Title 36

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