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34-23A PERFORMANCE OF ABORTIONS
CHAPTER 34-23A

PERFORMANCE OF ABORTIONS

34-23A-1      Definition of terms.
34-23A-1.1      Attempt to perform abortion defined.
34-23A-1.2      Legislative findings--Termination of life.
34-23A-1.3      Legislative findings--Relationship between pregnant woman and unborn child.
34-23A-1.4      Legislative findings--Risks to life and health of pregnant woman.
34-23A-1.5      Legislative findings--Special protection of rights of pregnant women.
34-23A-1.6      Legislative findings--Standard of practice requiring informed consent.
34-23A-1.7      Common law cause of action for medical malpractice informed consent claims based on reasonable patient standard reaffirmed--Application to abortion procedures--Construction.
34-23A-2      Abortion lawful only under specified conditions.
34-23A-2.1      Physician to inform in case of medical emergency.
34-23A-3      Abortion permitted during first twelve weeks--Medical judgment of attending physician.
34-23A-4      Abortion permitted during second twelve weeks--Place of performance.
34-23A-5      Abortion permitted after twenty-four weeks only for medical necessity.
34-23A-6      Blood supply and testing facilities to be available during abortion--Inoculations required.
34-23A-7      Forty-eight hour notice to parent or guardian for minor or incompetent female--Delivery of notice--Exceptions.
34-23A-7.1      Abortion without notification--Participation and representation of female--Confidentiality--Appeal of denial.
34-23A-8, 34-23A-9.      Repealed.
34-23A-10      Repealed.
34-23A-10.1      Voluntary and informed consent required--Medical emergency exception--Information provided.
34-23A-10.2      Statement of informed consent--Misdemeanor--Report of physician's conviction--Female not penalized.
34-23A-10.3      Publication of educational materials.
34-23A-10.4      Department of Health to develop and maintain multi-media website--Contents--Collection of related statistics.
34-23A-11      Counselor or social worker not liable for arranging abortion--Retaliation from employer prohibited.
34-23A-12      No liability for refusal to perform abortion.
34-23A-13      Medical facility not to discriminate for performance or refusal to perform abortion.
34-23A-14      Hospital not required to perform abortions--No liability for refusal of abortion as policy.
34-23A-15      Repealed.
34-23A-16      Birth certificate for live birth resulting from abortion--Death certificate on subsequent death.
34-23A-16.1      Right to life of babies born alive.
34-23A-17      Prohibition of fetal transplantation after effective abortion.
34-23A-18      Abortion as evidence in proceedings to terminate parental rights or to adjudicate dependency of child.
34-23A-19      Reports required of facility or physician performing abortions--Contents-- Name of mother omitted--Promulgation of rules.
34-23A-20      Severability of provisions.
34-23A-21      Construction of chapter.
34-23A-22      Cause of action for certain abortions--Amount of damages--Attorney's fees.
34-23A-23      Anonymity of female plaintiff--Specific written findings.
34-23A-24      Analyses of maternal mortality.
34-23A-25      Analyses of pregnancy outcomes.
34-23A-26      Publication of findings on maternal mortality and pregnancy outcomes.
34-23A-27      Partial-birth abortion prohibited--Violation a felony.
34-23A-28      Application of partial-birth abortion prohibition.
34-23A-29      Civil action for death of fetus or infant in partial-birth abortion.
34-23A-30      Money damages in partial-birth abortion.
34-23A-31      Prosecution of woman upon whom partial-birth abortion performed.
34-23A-32      Partial-birth abortion defined.
34-23A-33      Fetus and infant defined.
34-23A-34      Physician's reporting form--Contents.
34-23A-35      Submission of physician's information report.
34-23A-36      Annual public report--Information included.
34-23A-37      Information collection form.
34-23A-38      Submission of information collection form.
34-23A-39      Reporting form for use of notice described in § 34-23A-7.
34-23A-40      Submission of reporting form.
34-23A-41      Penalty for failure to submit reporting form.
34-23A-42      Failure to submit reporting form a misdemeanor.
34-23A-43      Department to ensure compliance--Inspection.
34-23A-44      Department to ensure anonymity--Confidentiality of communication.
34-23A-45      "Induced abortion" defined.
34-23A-46      Licensing of abortion facilities.
34-23A-47      Exceptions to abortion facility license requirement.
34-23A-48      Application for abortion facility license--Contents--Fee--Inspection and investigation--Renewal.
34-23A-49      Compliance inspections.
34-23A-50      Fees to be deposited in abortion facility licensing fund.
34-23A-51      Promulgation of rules--Minimum standards for abortion facilities.
34-23A-52      Opportunity to view sonogram required.
34-23A-53      Definition of terms.
34-23A-54      Legislative findings.
34-23A-55      Duties of physician in addition to common law.
34-23A-56      Scheduling of abortion--Prior requirements.
34-23A-57      Patient's written signed statement.
34-23A-58      Registry of pregnancy help centers.
34-23A-58.1      Certification of conditions by pregnancy help centers.
34-23A-58.2      Pregnancy help centers placed on registry before January 1, 2012.
34-23A-58.3      Pregnancy help centers placed on registry after January 1, 2012.
34-23A-59      Pregnancy help center consultations.
34-23A-59.1      Licensed professionals required at pregnancy help centers.
34-23A-59.2      Release of confidential information as misdemeanor.
34-23A-60      Civil action for failure to comply with §§ 34-23A-56 and 34-23A-57.
34-23A-61      Civil action for failure to comply with chapter.
34-23A-62      Repeal not implied.


34-23A-1 Definition of terms.
     34-23A-1.   Definition of terms. Terms as used in this chapter mean:
             (1)      "Abortion," the use of any means to intentionally terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant with knowledge that the termination with those means will, with reasonable likelihood, cause the death of the fetus;
             (1A)      "Abortion facility," a place where abortions are performed;
             (1B)      "Department," the South Dakota Department of Health;
             (2)      "Fetus," the biological offspring, including the implanted embryo or unborn child, of human parents;
             (3)      "Fertilization," that point in time when a male human sperm penetrates the zona pellucida of a female human ovum;
             (4)      "Human being," an individual living member of the species of Homo sapiens, including the unborn human being during the entire embryonic and fetal ages from fertilization to full gestation;
             (5)      "Medical emergency," any condition which, on the basis of the physician's good faith clinical judgment, so complicates the medical condition of a pregnant woman as to necessitate the immediate abortion of her pregnancy to avert her death or for which a delay will create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function;
             (6)      "Parent," one parent or guardian of the pregnant minor or the guardian or conservator of the pregnant woman;
             (7)      "Physician," a person licensed under the provisions of chapter 36-4 or a physician practicing medicine or osteopathy in the employ of the government of the United States or of this state;
             (8)      "Probable gestational age of the unborn child," what, in the judgment of the physician, will with reasonable probability be the gestational age of the unborn child at the time the abortion is planned to be performed.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 1; SL 1993, ch 249, § 1; SL 1997, ch 204, § 1; SL 2000, ch 171, § 1; SL 2005, ch 186, § 8; SL 2005, ch 189, § 3; SL 2006, ch 182, § 1.


34-23A-1.1 Attempt to perform abortion defined.
     34-23A-1.1.   Attempt to perform abortion defined. For the purposes of this chapter, an attempt to perform an abortion is an act or omission that, under the circumstances as the actor believes them to be, constitutes a substantial step in a course of conduct planned to culminate in the performance of an abortion in South Dakota.

Source: SL 1993, ch 249, § 1A.


34-23A-1.2 Legislative findings--Termination of life.
     34-23A-1.2.   Legislative findings--Termination of life. The Legislature finds that all abortions, whether surgically or chemically induced, terminate the life of a whole, separate, unique, living human being.

Source: SL 2005, ch 186, § 1.


34-23A-1.3 Legislative findings--Relationship between pregnant woman and unborn child.
     34-23A-1.3.   Legislative findings--Relationship between pregnant woman and unborn child. The Legislature finds that there is an existing relationship between a pregnant woman and her unborn child during the entire period of gestation.

Source: SL 2005, ch 186, § 2.


34-23A-1.4 Legislative findings--Risks to life and health of pregnant woman.
     34-23A-1.4.   Legislative findings--Risks to life and health of pregnant woman. The Legislature finds that procedures terminating the life of an unborn child impose risks to the life and health of the pregnant woman. The Legislature further finds that a woman seeking to terminate the life of her unborn child may be subject to pressures which can cause an emotional crisis, undue reliance on the advice of others, clouded judgment, and a willingness to violate conscience to avoid those pressures. The Legislature therefore finds that great care should be taken to provide a woman seeking to terminate the life of her unborn child and her own constitutionally protected interest in her relationship with her child with complete and accurate information and adequate time to understand and consider that information in order to make a fully informed and voluntary consent to the termination of either or both.

Source: SL 2005, ch 186, § 3.


34-23A-1.5 Legislative findings--Special protection of rights of pregnant women.
     34-23A-1.5.   Legislative findings--Special protection of rights of pregnant women. The Legislature finds that pregnant women contemplating the termination of their right to their relationship with their unborn children, including women contemplating such termination by an abortion procedure, are faced with making a profound decision most often under stress and pressures from circumstances and from other persons, and that there exists a need for special protection of the rights of such pregnant women, and that the State of South Dakota has a compelling interest in providing such protection.

Source: SL 2005, ch 186, § 4.


34-23A-1.6 Legislative findings--Standard of practice requiring informed consent.
     34-23A-1.6.   Legislative findings--Standard of practice requiring informed consent. The Legislature finds that, through the common law, the courts of the State of South Dakota have imposed a standard of practice in the health care profession that, except in exceptional circumstances, requires physicians and other health care practitioners to provide patients with such facts about the nature of any proposed course of treatment, the risks of the proposed course of treatment, the alternatives to the proposed course, including any risks that would be applicable to any alternatives, as a reasonable patient would consider significant to the decision of whether to undergo the proposed course of treatment.

Source: SL 2005, ch 186, § 5.


34-23A-1.7 Common law cause of action for medical malpractice informed consent claims based on reason...
     34-23A-1.7.   Common law cause of action for medical malpractice informed consent claims based on reasonable patient standard reaffirmed--Application to abortion procedures--Construction. The South Dakota common law cause of action for medical malpractice informed consent claims based upon the reasonable patient standard is reaffirmed and is hereby expressly declared to apply to all abortion procedures. The duty of a physician to disclose all facts about the nature of the procedure, the risks of the procedure, and the alternatives to the procedure that a reasonable patient would consider significant to her decision of whether to undergo or forego the procedure applies to all abortions. Nothing in § 34-23A-1, §§ 34-23A-1.2 to 34-23A-1.7, inclusive, § 34-23A-10.1, and § 34-23A-10.3 may be construed to render any of the requirements otherwise imposed by common law inapplicable to abortion procedures or diminish the nature or the extent of those requirements. The disclosure requirements expressly set forth in § 34-23A-1, §§ 34-23A-1.2 to 34-23A-1.7, inclusive, § 34-23A-10.1, and § 34-23A-10.3 are an express clarification of, and are in addition to, those common law disclosure requirements.

Source: SL 2005, ch 186, § 6.


34-23A-2 Abortion lawful only under specified conditions.
     34-23A-2.   Abortion lawful only under specified conditions. An abortion may be performed in this state only if it is performed in compliance with § 34-23A-3, 34-23A-4, or 34-23A-5. (This section is repealed pursuant to SL 2005, ch 187, § 1. Section 7 of SL 2005, ch 187, as amended by SL 2005, ch 188, § 1, provides: "Section 7. This Act is effective on the date that the states are recognized by the United States Supreme Court to have the authority to prohibit abortion at all stages of pregnancy.")

SL 1973, ch 146, § 2; SL 2006, ch 119, § 6 rejected by referendum on Nov. 7, 2006.


34-23A-2.1 Physician to inform in case of medical emergency.
     34-23A-2.1.   Physician to inform in case of medical emergency. If a medical emergency compels the performance of an abortion, the physician shall inform the female, prior to the abortion if possible, of the medical indications supporting his judgment that an abortion is necessary to avert her death or that a delay will create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.

Source: SL 1993, ch 249, § 6.


34-23A-3 Abortion permitted during first twelve weeks--Medical judgment of attending physician.
     34-23A-3.   Abortion permitted during first twelve weeks--Medical judgment of attending physician. An abortion may be performed by a physician during the first twelve weeks of pregnancy. The abortion decision and its effectuation must be left to the medical judgment of the pregnant woman's attending physician during the first twelve weeks of pregnancy. (This section is repealed pursuant to SL 2005, ch 187, § 2. Section 7 of SL 2005, ch 187, as amended by SL 2005, ch 188, § 1, provides: "Section 7. This Act is effective on the date that the states are recognized by the United States Supreme Court to have the authority to prohibit abortion at all stages of pregnancy.")

SL 1973, ch 146, § 2(1); SL 2006, ch 119, § 7 rejected by referendum on Nov. 7, 2006.


34-23A-4 Abortion permitted during second twelve weeks--Place of performance.
     34-23A-4.   Abortion permitted during second twelve weeks--Place of performance. An abortion may be performed following the twelfth week of pregnancy and through the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy by a physician only in a hospital licensed under the provisions of chapter 34-12 or in a hospital operated by the United States, this state, or any department, agency, or political subdivision of either or in the case of hospital facilities not being available, in the licensed physician's medical clinic or office of practice subject to the requirements of § 34-23A-6. (This section is repealed pursuant to SL 2005, ch 187, § 3. Section 7 of SL 2005, ch 187, as amended by SL 2005, ch 188, § 1, provides: "Section 7. This Act is effective on the date that the states are recognized by the United States Supreme Court to have the authority to prohibit abortion at all stages of pregnancy.")

SL 1973, ch 146, § 2(2); SL 2006, ch 119, § 8 rejected by referendum on Nov. 7, 2006.


34-23A-5 Abortion permitted after twenty-four weeks only for medical necessity.
     34-23A-5.   Abortion permitted after twenty-four weeks only for medical necessity. An abortion may be performed following the twenty-fourth week of pregnancy by a physician only in a hospital authorized under § 34-23A-4 and only if there is appropriate and reasonable medical judgment that performance of an abortion is necessary to preserve the life or health of the mother. (This section is repealed pursuant to SL 2005, ch 187, § 4. Section 7 of SL 2005, ch 187, as amended by SL 2005, ch 188, § 1, provides: "Section 7. This Act is effective on the date that the states are recognized by the United States Supreme Court to have the authority to prohibit abortion at all stages of pregnancy.")

SL 1973, ch 146, § 2(3); SL 2006, ch 119, § 9 rejected by referendum Nov. 7, 2006.


34-23A-6 Blood supply and testing facilities to be available during abortion--Inoculations required...
     34-23A-6.   Blood supply and testing facilities to be available during abortion--Inoculations required. Any abortion performed under the provisions of § 34-23A-4 or 34-23A-5 shall be performed only in a facility which has a blood bank or a sufficient supply of blood immediately available and such facilities shall provide for Rhesus factor (Rh) testing and Rho-gam, Gammulin or any other product of equivalency inoculations shall be required for women undergoing abortion who have the Rh-negative factor.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 3.


34-23A-7 Forty-eight hour notice to parent or guardian for minor or incompetent female--Delivery of...
     34-23A-7.   Forty-eight hour notice to parent or guardian for minor or incompetent female--Delivery of notice--Exceptions. No abortion may be performed upon an unemancipated minor or upon a female for whom a guardian has been appointed because of a finding of incompetency, until at least forty-eight hours after written notice of the pending operation has been delivered in the manner specified in this section. The notice shall be addressed to the parent at the usual place of abode of the parent and delivered personally to the parent by the physician or an agent. In lieu of such delivery, notice may be made by certified mail addressed to the parent at the usual place of abode of the parent with return receipt requested and restricted delivery to the addressee, which means a postal employee can only deliver the mail to the authorized addressee. If notice is made by certified mail, the time of delivery shall be deemed to occur at twelve noon on the next day on which regular mail delivery takes place, subsequent to mailing.
     No notice is required under this section if:
             (1)      The attending physician certifies in the pregnant unemancipated minor's medical record that, on the basis of the physician's good faith clinical judgment, a medical emergency exists and there is insufficient time to provide the required notice. Unless the unemancipated minor gives notice of her intent to seek a judicial waiver, a good faith effort shall be made by the attending physician or the physician's agent to verbally inform the parent within twenty-four hours after the performance of the emergency abortion, that an emergency abortion was performed on the unemancipated minor and shall also be sent a written notice, in the manner described in this section, of the performed emergency abortion. If the unemancipated minor, upon whom an emergency abortion was performed, elects not to allow the notification of her parent, any judge of a circuit court shall, upon petition, or motion, and after an appropriate hearing, authorize the waiving of the required notice of the performed abortion if the judge determines, by clear and convincing evidence that the unemancipated minor is mature and capable of determining whether notification should be given, or that the waiver would be in the unemancipated minor's best interest; or
             (2)      The person who is entitled to notice certifies in writing that the person has been notified. The certification is valid only if the signature has been notarized. If the person does not provide a notarized signature, the person shall be sent a written notice as described in this section. No abortion as described in this section may be performed until at least forty-eight hours after written notice of the pending operation has been delivered in the manner specified in this section; or
             (3)      A pregnant female elects not to allow the notification of her parent, in which case, any judge of a circuit court shall, upon petition, or motion, and after an appropriate hearing, authorize a physician to perform the abortion if the judge determines, by clear and convincing evidence, that the pregnant female is mature and capable of giving informed consent to the proposed abortion. If the judge determines that the pregnant female is not mature, or if she does not claim to be mature, the judge shall determine, by clear and convincing evidence, whether the performance of an abortion upon her without notification of her parent would be in her best interests and shall authorize a physician to perform the abortion without such notification if the judge concludes that her best interests would be served thereby.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 6; SL 1993, ch 249, § 2; SL 1997, ch 204, § 2; SL 2005, ch 189, § 1.


34-23A-7.1 Abortion without notification--Participation and representation of female--Confidentiality...
     34-23A-7.1.   Abortion without notification--Participation and representation of female--Confidentiality--Appeal of denial. In any proceeding pursuant to subdivision 34-23A-7(1) or 34-23A-7(3), the pregnant female may participate in proceedings in the court on her own behalf, and the court may appoint a guardian ad litem for her. The court shall, however, advise her that she has a right to court- appointed counsel and shall, upon her request, provide her with such counsel. Proceedings in the court under subdivision 34-23A-7(1) or 34-23A-7(3) shall be confidential and shall be given such precedence over other pending matters so that the court may reach a decision promptly and without delay so as to serve the best interests of the pregnant female. A judge of the court who conducts proceedings under subdivision 34-23A-7(1) or 34-23A-7(3) shall make in writing specific factual findings and legal conclusions supporting the decision and shall order a record of the evidence to be maintained including the judge's own findings and conclusions.
     An expedited confidential appeal shall be available to any such pregnant female for whom the court denies an order authorizing an abortion without notification. An order authorizing an abortion without notification is not subject to appeal. No filing fees are required of any such pregnant female at either the trial or the appellate level. Access to the trial court for the purposes of such a petition or motion, and access to the appellate courts for purposes of making an appeal from denial of the same, shall be afforded such a pregnant female twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, all pleadings, papers, and other documents filed pursuant to this section are confidential, are not public records, and are not open for inspection by any member of the public for any purpose.

Source: SL 1997, ch 204, § 3; SL 2005, ch 189, § 2.


34-23A-8
     34-23A-8, 34-23A-9.   Repealed by SL 1977, ch 189, § 126; SL 1977, ch 190, §§ 63, 64.


34-23A-10
     34-23A-10.   Repealed by SL 1993, ch 249, § 3.


34-23A-10.1 Voluntary and informed consent required--Medical emergency exception--Information provided...
     34-23A-10.1.   Voluntary and informed consent required--Medical emergency exception--Information provided. No abortion may be performed unless the physician first obtains a voluntary and informed written consent of the pregnant woman upon whom the physician intends to perform the abortion, unless the physician determines that obtaining an informed consent is impossible due to a medical emergency and further determines that delaying in performing the procedure until an informed consent can be obtained from the pregnant woman or her next of kin in accordance with chapter 34-12C is impossible due to the medical emergency, which determinations shall then be documented in the medical records of the patient. A consent to an abortion is not voluntary and informed, unless, in addition to any other information that must be disclosed under the common law doctrine, the physician provides that pregnant woman with the following information:
             (1)      A statement in writing providing the following information:
             (a)      The name of the physician who will perform the abortion;
             (b)      That the abortion will terminate the life of a whole, separate, unique, living human being;
             (c)      That the pregnant woman has an existing relationship with that unborn human being and that the relationship enjoys protection under the United States Constitution and under the laws of South Dakota;
             (d)      That by having an abortion, her existing relationship and her existing constitutional rights with regards to that relationship will be terminated;
             (e)      A description of all known medical risks of the procedure and statistically significant risk factors to which the pregnant woman would be subjected, including:
             (i)      Depression and related psychological distress;
             (ii)      Increased risk of suicide ideation and suicide;
             (iii)      A statement setting forth an accurate rate of deaths due to abortions, including all deaths in which the abortion procedure was a substantial contributing factor;
             (iv)      All other known medical risks to the physical health of the woman, including the risk of infection, hemorrhage, danger to subsequent pregnancies, and infertility;
             (f)      The probable gestational age of the unborn child at the time the abortion is to be performed, and a scientifically accurate statement describing the development of the unborn child at that age; and
             (g)      The statistically significant medical risks associated with carrying her child to term compared to undergoing an induced abortion.
                  The disclosures set forth above shall be provided to the pregnant woman in writing and in person no later than two hours before the procedure is to be performed. The physician shall ensure that the pregnant woman signs each page of the written disclosure with the certification that she has read and understands all of the disclosures, prior to the patient signing a consent for the procedure. If the pregnant woman asks for a clarification or explanation of any particular disclosure, or asks any other question about a matter of significance to her, the explanation or answer shall be made in writing and be given to the pregnant woman before signing a consent for the procedure and shall be made part of the permanent medical record of the patient;
             (2)      A statement by telephone or in person, by the physician who is to perform the abortion, or by the referring physician, or by an agent of both, at least twenty-four hours before the abortion, providing the following information:
             (a)      That medical assistance benefits may be available for prenatal care, childbirth, and neonatal care;
             (b)      That the father of the unborn child is legally responsible to provide financial support for her child following birth, and that this legal obligation of the father exists in all instances, even in instances in which the father has offered to pay for the abortion;
             (c)      The name, address, and telephone number of a pregnancy help center in reasonable proximity of the abortion facility where the abortion will be performed; and
             (d)      That she has a right to review all of the material and information described in § 34-23A-1, §§ 34-23A-1.2 to 34-23A-1.7, inclusive, § 34-23A-10.1, and § 34-23A-10.3, as well as the printed materials described in § 34-23A-10.3, and the website described in § 34-23A-10.4. The physician or the physician's agent shall inform the pregnant woman, orally or in writing, that the materials have been provided by the State of South Dakota at no charge to the pregnant woman. If the pregnant woman indicates, at any time, that she wants to review any of the materials described, such disclosures shall be either given to her at least twenty-four hours before the abortion or mailed to her at least seventy-two hours before the abortion by certified mail, restricted delivery to addressee, which means the postal employee can only deliver the mail to the addressee;
     Prior to the pregnant woman signing a consent to the abortion, she shall sign a written statement that indicates that the requirements of this section have been complied with. Prior to the performance of the abortion, the physician who is to perform the abortion shall receive a copy of the written disclosure documents required by this section, and shall certify in writing that all of the information described in those subdivisions has been provided to the pregnant woman, that the physician is, to the best of his or her ability, satisfied that the pregnant woman has read the materials which are required to be disclosed, and that the physician believes she understands the information imparted. (SL 2005, ch 186, §§ 10 and 11 provide: "Section 10. If any court of law enjoins, suspends, or delays the implementation of the provisions of section 7 of this Act, the provisions of § 34-23A-10.1, as of June 30, 2005, are effective during such injunction, suspension, or delayed implementation." "Section 11. If any court of law finds any provisions of section 7 of this Act to be unconstitutional, the other provisions of section 7 are severable. If any court of law finds the provisions of section 7 of this Act to be entirely or substantially unconstitutional, the provisions of § 34-23A-10.1, as of June 30, 2005, are immediately reeffective.")

Source: SL 1980, ch 245, § 1; SL 1993, ch 249, § 4; SL 2003, ch 185, § 2; SL 2005, ch 186, § 7.


34-23A-10.2 Statement of informed consent--Misdemeanor--Report of physician's conviction--Female not p...
     34-23A-10.2.   Statement of informed consent--Misdemeanor--Report of physician's conviction--Female not penalized. A physician who, knowingly or in reckless disregard, violates § 34-23A-2.1, 34-23A-7, or 34-23A-10.1 is guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor. The court in which a conviction of a violation of § 34-23A-2.1, 34-23A-7, or 34-23A-10.1 occurs shall report such conviction to the Board of Medical and Osteopathic Examiners.
     No penalty may be assessed against the female upon whom the abortion is performed or attempted to be performed. No criminal penalty or civil liability for failure to comply with subsection 34-23A-10.1(2)(c) or that portion of subsection 34-23A-10.1(3) requiring a written certification that the woman has been informed of her opportunity to review the information referred to in subsection 34-23A-10.1(2)(c) may be assessed unless the department of health has made the printed materials available at the time the physician or the physician's agent is required to inform the female of her right to review them.

Source: SL 1980, ch 245, § 2; SL 1993, ch 249, § 7; SL 1997, ch 204, § 4.


34-23A-10.3 Publication of educational materials.
     34-23A-10.3.   Publication of educational materials. The health department shall publish, in culturally sensitive languages, within one hundred eighty days after July 1, 2005, the following printed materials in such a way as to ensure that the information is easily comprehensible:
             (1)      Materials designed to inform the pregnant woman of all the disclosures enumerated in § 34-23A-10.1;
             (2)      Materials designed to inform the pregnant woman of public and private agencies and services available to assist a pregnant woman through pregnancy, upon childbirth and while the child is dependent, including adoption agencies, which shall include a list of the agencies available and a description of the services they offer; and
             (3)      Materials designed to inform the pregnant woman of the probable anatomical and physiological characteristics of the unborn child at two-week gestational increments from the time when a pregnant woman can be known to be pregnant to full term, including any relevant information on the possibility of the unborn child's survival and pictures or drawings representing the development of unborn children at two-week gestational increments. Such pictures or drawings shall contain the dimensions of the fetus and shall be realistic and appropriate for the stage of pregnancy depicted. The materials shall be objective, nonjudgmental, and designed to convey only accurate scientific information about the unborn child at the various gestational ages.
     The materials shall be printed in a typeface large enough to be clearly legible and shall be available at no cost from the Department of Health upon request and in appropriate number to any person, facility or hospital.

Source: SL 1993, ch 249, § 5; SL 2005, ch 186, § 9.


34-23A-10.4 Department of Health to develop and maintain multi-media website--Contents--Collection of ...
     34-23A-10.4.   Department of Health to develop and maintain multi-media website--Contents--Collection of related statistics. The Department of Health shall, by January 1, 2004, develop and maintain a multi-media website that contains web pages covering each of the following topics:
             (1)      Embryonic and fetal development at various gestational stages;
             (a)      Anatomical and physiological characteristics; and
             (b)      Survival possibilities of the unborn child;
             (2)      Abortion methods commonly used for each trimester of pregnancy;
             (3)      Statistically significant abortion method risks, including infection, hemorrhage, danger to subsequent pregnancies, and infertility;
             (4)      Important pre-abortion procedures;
             (a)      Confirmation of pregnancy via sonogram; and
             (b)      Counseling and discussion of medical history to detect possible abortion risks;
             (5)      Post-abortion psychological and emotional complications;
             (6)      Parental notification as required by 34-23A-7;
             (7)      Assistance, benefits, and services:
             (a)      Names and contact information of public and private agencies; and
             (b)      Types and availability of public medical benefits and services;
             (8)      Responsibility of the father of the unborn child;
             (9)      Statistically significant pregnancy risks;
             (10) Adoption options:
             (a)      Names and contact information of public and private agencies; and
             (b)      Description of services.
     The state shall collect and maintain web statistics regarding the website developed and maintained pursuant to this section. However, no personal information may be collected.

Source: SL 2003, ch 185, § 1.


34-23A-11 Counselor or social worker not liable for arranging abortion--Retaliation from employer pr...
     34-23A-11.   Counselor or social worker not liable for arranging abortion--Retaliation from employer prohibited. No counselor, social worker, or anyone else who may be in such a position where the abortion question may appear as a part of their workday routine, shall be liable to any person for damages allegedly arising from advising or helping to arrange for or for refusal to arrange or encourage abortion, and there shall be no retaliation from any agency or institution with which such person may be affiliated or by which he may be employed.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 9.


34-23A-12 No liability for refusal to perform abortion.
     34-23A-12.   No liability for refusal to perform abortion. No physician, nurse, or other person who refuses to perform or assist in the performance of an abortion shall be liable to any person for damages arising from that refusal.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 7.


34-23A-13 Medical facility not to discriminate for performance or refusal to perform abortion.
     34-23A-13.   Medical facility not to discriminate for performance or refusal to perform abortion. No physician, nurse, or other person who performs or refuses to perform or assist in the performance of an abortion shall, because of that performance or refusal, be dismissed, suspended, demoted, or otherwise prejudiced or damaged by a hospital or other medical facility with which he is affiliated or by which he is employed.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 8.


34-23A-14 Hospital not required to perform abortions--No liability for refusal of abortion as policy...
     34-23A-14.   Hospital not required to perform abortions--No liability for refusal of abortion as policy. No hospital licensed pursuant to the provisions of chapter 34-12 is required to admit any patient for the purpose of terminating a pregnancy pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. No hospital is liable for its failure or refusal to participate in such termination if the hospital has adopted a policy not to admit patients for the purpose of terminating pregnancies as provided in this chapter.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 8.


34-23A-15
     34-23A-15.   Repealed by SL 1982, ch 263.


34-23A-16 Birth certificate for live birth resulting from abortion--Death certificate on subsequent ...
     34-23A-16.   Birth certificate for live birth resulting from abortion--Death certificate on subsequent death. Whenever an abortion procedure results in a live birth, a birth certificate shall be issued certifying the birth of said live born person even though said live person may thereafter die in a short time. In the event death does ensue after a short time, a death certificate shall be issued; both the birth and death certificates shall be issued pursuant to law and rules and regulations of the State Department of Health.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 11.


34-23A-16.1 Right to life of babies born alive.
     34-23A-16.1.   Right to life of babies born alive. All persons born alive, whether in the course of an abortion procedure or not, shall have the same rights to medical treatment and other necessary health care.

Source: SL 1977, ch 284, § 1.


34-23A-17 Prohibition of fetal transplantation after effective abortion.
     34-23A-17.   Prohibition of fetal transplantation after effective abortion. An unborn or newborn child who has been subject to an induced abortion other than an abortion necessary to prevent the death of the mother or any tissue or organ thereof may not be used in animal or human research or for animal or human transplantation. This section may not be construed to preclude any therapy intended to directly benefit the unborn or newborn child who has been subject to the abortion. This section does not prohibit the use for human transplantation of an unborn child or any tissue or organ thereof if removed in the course of removal of an ectopic or a molar pregnancy.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 5; SL 1993, ch 250.


34-23A-18 Abortion as evidence in proceedings to terminate parental rights or to adjudicate dependen...
     34-23A-18.   Abortion as evidence in proceedings to terminate parental rights or to adjudicate dependency of child. Whenever a person is born alive in the course of an abortion procedure, the facts and circumstances involving the birth and the abortion procedure shall be considered relevant and material evidence in any proceeding under chapters 26-7A, 26-8A, 26-8B, and 26-8C for termination of parental rights or adjudication of dependency or neglect; and the Department of Social Services may commence such proceeding as it deems applicable under that chapter.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 11; SL 1977, ch 284, § 2.


34-23A-19 Reports required of facility or physician performing abortions--Contents--Name of mother o...
     34-23A-19.   Reports required of facility or physician performing abortions--Contents--Name of mother omitted--Promulgation of rules. Any facility or physician performing abortions in this state shall report to the state department of health as follows:
             (1)      Total number of abortions performed;
             (2)      Method of abortion used in each abortion performed;
             (3)      Complete pathology reports giving period of gestation of fetuses, presence of abnormality, and measurements of fetuses, if the facility where the abortion is performed is so equipped to complete such reports;
             (4)      Numbers of maternal deaths due directly or indirectly to abortions;
             (5)      Reports of all follow-up, including short- and long-term complications in the female due to abortion;
             (6)      Other information required by the regulations issued by the department pursuant to this section.
     No report made under this section shall include the name of any female receiving an abortion.
     The Department of Health may promulgate rules pursuant to chapter 1-26 to provide for the reporting of such information concerning abortion as will enable the department to provide complete reporting to the centers for disease control of the public health services in the United States Department of Health and Human Services of all abortion-related data the centers for disease control recommend be reported to them by states.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 4; SL 1993, ch 251, § 1.


34-23A-20 Severability of provisions.
     34-23A-20.   Severability of provisions. If a part of this chapter is invalid, all valid parts that are severable from the invalid part remain in effect. If a part of this chapter is invalid in one or more of its applications, the part remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid applications.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 18.


34-23A-21 Construction of chapter.
     34-23A-21.   Construction of chapter. Nothing in this chapter may be construed to repeal, by implication or otherwise, any provision not explicitly repealed.

Source: SL 1973, ch 146, § 17; SL 1993, ch 249, § 10.


34-23A-22 Cause of action for certain abortions--Amount of damages--Attorney's fees.
     34-23A-22.   Cause of action for certain abortions--Amount of damages--Attorney's fees. If any person performs an abortion willfully, wantonly, or maliciously in disregard to § 34-23A-2.1, 34-23A-7, or 34-23A-10.1, the person upon whom such an abortion has been performed, and the parent of a minor child upon whom such an abortion was performed, or any of them, may maintain an action against the person who performed the abortion not to exceed ten thousand dollars in punitive damages. Any person upon whom such an abortion has been attempted may maintain an action against the person who attempted to perform the abortion not to exceed five thousand dollars in punitive damages.
     If judgment is rendered in favor of the plaintiff in any such action, the court shall also render judgment for a reasonable attorney's fee in favor of the plaintiff against the defendant. If judgment is rendered in favor of the defendant and the court finds that the plaintiff's suit was frivolous or brought in bad faith, the court shall also render judgment for a reasonable attorney's fee in favor of the defendant against the plaintiff.

Source: SL 1993, ch 249, § 8; SL 1997, ch 204, § 5.


34-23A-23 Anonymity of female plaintiff--Specific written findings.
     34-23A-23.   Anonymity of female plaintiff--Specific written findings. In every civil or criminal proceeding or action brought pursuant to this chapter, the court shall rule whether the anonymity of any female upon whom an abortion is performed or attempted shall be preserved from public disclosure if she does not give her consent to such disclosure. The court, upon motion or sua sponte, shall make such a ruling and, upon determining that her anonymity should be preserved, shall issue orders to the parties, witnesses, and counsel, and shall direct the sealing of the record and exclusion of individuals from courtrooms or hearing rooms, to the extent necessary to safeguard her identity from public disclosure. Each such order shall be accompanied by specific written findings explaining why the anonymity of the female should be preserved from public disclosure, why the order is essential to that end, how the order is narrowly tailored to serve that interest, and why no reasonable less restrictive alternative exists. In the absence of written consent of the female upon whom an abortion has been performed or attempted, anyone, other than a public official, who brings an action pursuant to this chapter shall do so under a pseudonym. This section may not be construed to conceal the identity of the plaintiff or of witnesses from the defendant.

Source: SL 1993, ch 249, § 9.


34-23A-24 Analyses of maternal mortality.
     34-23A-24.   Analyses of maternal mortality. The Department of Health shall monitor and analyze maternal mortality. The department may promulgate rules pursuant to chapter 1-26 concerning reporting related to maternal mortality, on death certificates or by other means, as will assist it in performing such analyses.

Source: SL 1993, ch 251, § 2.


34-23A-25 Analyses of pregnancy outcomes.
     34-23A-25.   Analyses of pregnancy outcomes. The department may collect data from health providers and medical facilities for purposes of performing analyses of pregnancy outcomes to determine the number, or if that is not possible, the best available estimate of the number, of each of the following:
             (1)      Ectopic pregnancies;
             (2)      Stillbirths;
             (3)      Live births;
             (4)      Molar pregnancies;
             (5)      Spontaneous abortions;
             (6)      Induced abortions; and
             (7)      Any other pregnancy-related classifications the department deems useful.

Source: SL 1993, ch 251, § 2A.


34-23A-26 Publication of findings on maternal mortality and pregnancy outcomes.
     34-23A-26.   Publication of findings on maternal mortality and pregnancy outcomes. The department shall include sections in its annual vital statistics and health status report detailing the findings derived from the analyses provided under §§ 34-23A-24 and 34-23A-25. The department shall ensure that neither the information published in its reports, nor the information provided to researchers, with the exception of information requested by the centers for disease control of the public health service in the United States Department of Health and Human Services, identifies or could reasonably lead to the identification of any individual patient.

Source: SL 1993, ch 251, § 3.


34-23A-27 Partial-birth abortion prohibited--Violation a felony.
     34-23A-27.   Partial-birth abortion prohibited--Violation a felony. No person may perform a partial-birth abortion which results in the death of a human fetus or infant. A violation of this section is a Class 6 felony.

Source: SL 1997, ch 129, § 1.


34-23A-28 Application of partial-birth abortion prohibition.
     34-23A-28.   Application of partial-birth abortion prohibition. The provisions of §§ 34-23A-27 to 34-23A-33, inclusive, do not apply to any partial-birth abortion that is necessary to save the life of the mother because her life is endangered by a physical disorder, illness, or injury, including a life-endangering condition caused by or arising from the pregnancy itself, if no other medical procedure would suffice for that purpose.

Source: SL 1997, ch 129, § 2.


34-23A-29 Civil action for death of fetus or infant in partial-birth abortion.
     34-23A-29.   Civil action for death of fetus or infant in partial-birth abortion. In the case of the death of a human fetus or infant as the result of a partial-birth abortion, the father of the human fetus or infant and, if the mother has not attained the age of eighteen years at the time of the partial-birth abortion, the maternal grandparents of the human fetus or infant may file a civil action to obtain appropriate relief, unless the plaintiff consented to the partial-birth abortion or unless the plaintiff's criminal conduct caused the pregnancy.

Source: SL 1997, ch 129, § 3.


34-23A-30 Money damages in partial-birth abortion.
     34-23A-30.   Money damages in partial-birth abortion. Civil relief pursuant to § 34-23A-29 includes money damages for all injuries, psychological or physical, that are proximately caused by a partial-birth abortion in violation of § 34-23A-27. Any plaintiff with standing to sue pursuant to § 34-23A-29 who has paid for the costs of a partial-birth abortion may recover treble the costs in damages.

Source: SL 1997, ch 129, § 4.


34-23A-31 Prosecution of woman upon whom partial-birth abortion performed.
     34-23A-31.   Prosecution of woman upon whom partial-birth abortion performed. No woman upon whom a partial-birth abortion is performed may be prosecuted under the provisions of §§ 34-23A-27 to 34-23A-33, inclusive, for conspiracy to violate § 34-23A-27.

Source: SL 1997, ch 129, § 5.


34-23A-32 Partial-birth abortion defined.
     34-23A-32.   Partial-birth abortion defined. For the purposes of §§ 34-23A-27 to 34-23A-33, inclusive, a partial-birth abortion is any abortion in which the person who performs the abortion causes a living human fetus to be partially vaginally delivered before killing the infant and completing the delivery.

Source: SL 1997, ch 129, § 6.


34-23A-33 Fetus and infant defined.
     34-23A-33.   Fetus and infant defined. For the purposes of §§ 34-23A-27 to 34-23A-33, inclusive, the term, fetus, and the term, infant, are used interchangeably to refer to the biological offspring of human parents.

Source: SL 1997, ch 129, § 7.


34-23A-34 Physician's reporting form--Contents.
     34-23A-34.   Physician's reporting form--Contents. The Department of Health shall prepare a reporting form for physicians which shall provide for the collection of the following information:
             (1)      The month, day, and year of the induced abortion;
             (2)      The method of abortion used for each induced abortion;
             (3)      The approximate gestational age, in weeks, of the unborn child involved in the abortion;
             (4)      The age of the mother at the time of the abortion and, if the mother was younger than sixteen years of age at the time the child was conceived, the age of the father, if known ;
             (5)      The specific reason for the induced abortion, including the following:
             (a)      The pregnancy was a result of rape;
             (b)      The pregnancy was a result of incest;
             (c)      The mother could not afford the child;
             (d)      The mother did not desire to have the child;
             (e)      The mother's emotional health was at risk;
             (f)      The mother would suffer substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function if the pregnancy continued;
             (g)      Other, which shall be specified;
             (6)      Whether the induced abortion was paid for by:
             (a)      Private insurance;
             (b)      Public health plan;
             (c)      Other, which shall be specified;
             (7)      Whether coverage was under:
             (a)      A-fee-for-service insurance company;
             (b)      A managed care company; or
             (c)      Other, which shall be specified;
             (8)      A description of the complications, if any, for each abortion and for the aftermath of each abortion;
             (9)      The fee collected for performing or treating the abortion;
             (10)      The type of anesthetic, if any, used for each induced abortion;
             (11)      The method used to dispose of fetal tissue and remains;
             (12)      The specialty area of the physician;
             (13)      Whether the physician performing the induced abortion has been subject to license revocation or suspension or other professional sanction;
             (14)      The number of previous abortions the mother has had;
             (15)      The number of previous live births of the mother, including both living and deceased;
             (16)      The date last normal menses began for the mother;
             (17)      The name of physician performing the induced abortion;
             (18)      The name of hospital or physician office where the induced abortion was performed;
             (19)      A unique patient number that can be used to link the report to medical report for inspection, clarification, and correction purposes but that cannot, of itself, reasonably lead to the identification of any person obtaining an abortion; and
             (20)      Certain demographic information including:
             (a)      State, county, and city of occurrence of abortion;
             (b)      State, county, and city of residence of mother;
             (c)      Marital status of mother;
             (d)      Education status of mother;
             (e)      Race and hispanic origin of mother; and
             (21)      Certain Rhesus factor (Rh) information including:
             (a)      Whether the mother received the Rh test;
             (b)      Whether the mother tested positive for the Rh-negative factor;
             (c)      Whether the mother received a Rho(D) immune globulin injection .

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 1; SL 2004, ch 234, § 1.


34-23A-35 Submission of physician's information report.
     34-23A-35.   Submission of physician's information report. By January fifteenth of each year, each physician who performed or treated an induced abortion during the previous calendar year or the physician's agent, shall submit to the department a copy of the physicians' information report described in § 34-23A-34 with the requested data entered accurately and completely.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 2; SL 2004, ch 234, § 2.


34-23A-36 Annual public report--Information included.
     34-23A-36.   Annual public report--Information included. The department shall issue a public report annually providing the same detailed information required by the reporting forms required by §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive. The public report shall cover the entire previous calendar year and shall be compiled from the data in all the reporting forms required by §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive, and submitted to the department in accordance with §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive. Each public report shall also provide such detailed information for all previous calendar years, adjusted to reflect any additional information from late or corrected reports. The department shall take care to ensure that none of the information included in the public reports may reasonably lead to identification of any physician who performed or treated an abortion or any mother who has had an abortion.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 3.


34-23A-37 Information collection form.
     34-23A-37.   Information collection form. The Department of Health shall prepare a reporting form for physicians which shall provide for the collection of the following information:
             (1)      The number of females to whom the physician provided the information described in subdivision 34-23A-10.1(1); of that number, the number provided by telephone and the number provided in person; and of each of those numbers, the number provided in the capacity of a referring physician and the number provided in the capacity of a physician who is to perform the abortion;
             (2)      The number of females to whom the physician provided the information described in subdivision 34-23A-10.1(2); of that number, the number provided by telephone and the number provided in person; of each of those numbers, the number provided in the capacity of a referring physician and the number provided in the capacity of a physician who is to perform the abortion; and of each of those numbers, the number provided by the physician and the number provided by an agent of the physician;
             (3)      The number of females who availed themselves of the opportunity to obtain a copy of the printed information described in § 34-23A-10.3, and the number who did not; and of each of those numbers, the number who, to the best of the reporting physician's information and belief, went on to obtain the abortion;
             (3A) The number of females who availed themselves of the opportunity to view a sonogram of her unborn child pursuant to § 34-23A-52, and the number who did not; and of each of those numbers, the number who, to the best of the reporting physician's information and belief, went on to obtain the abortion;
             (4)      The number of abortions performed by the physician in which information otherwise required to be provided at least twenty-four hours before the abortion was not provided because an immediate abortion was necessary to avert the female's death, and the number of abortions in which such information was not so provided because a delay would create serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function;
             (5)      The name of hospital or physician office;
             (6)      The date of report by month, day, and year; and
             (7)      A unique patient number that can be used to link the report to medical report for inspection, clarification, and correction purposes but that cannot, of itself, reasonably lead to the identification of any person obtaining an abortion.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 4; SL 2004, ch 234, § 3; SL 2008, ch 174, § 2.


34-23A-38 Submission of information collection form.
     34-23A-38.   Submission of information collection form. By February twenty-eighth of each year, each physician who provided, or whose agent provided, information to one or more females in accordance with § 34-23A-10.1 during the previous calendar year shall submit to the Department of Health a copy of the physicians' information report form described in § 34-23A-37 with the requested data entered accurately and completely.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 5.


34-23A-39 Reporting form for use of notice described in § 34-23A-7.
     34-23A-39.   Reporting form for use of notice described in § 34-23A-7. The Department of Health shall prepare a reporting form for physicians which shall provide for the collection of the following information:
             (1)      The number of females or parents whom the physician or agent of the physician provided the notice described in § 34-23A-7; and of each of those numbers, the number of females who, to the best of the reporting physician's information and belief, went on to obtain the abortion;
             (2)      The number of females upon whom the physician performed an abortion without providing to the parent of the minor the notice described in § 34-23A-7; of that number, the number who were emancipated minors, and the numbers from whom each of the exceptions to § 34-23A-7 were applicable;
             (3)      The number of abortions performed upon a female by the physician after receiving judicial authorization to do so without parental notice;
             (4)      The same information described in subdivisions (1) through (3) of this section with respect to females for whom a guardian or conservator has been appointed pursuant to statutes on guardianship or conservatorship because of finding of incompetency ;
             (5)      The name of hospital or physician office;
             (6)      The date of report by month, day, and year; and
             (7)      A unique patient number that can be used to link the report to medical report for inspection, clarification, and correction purposes but that cannot, of itself, reasonably lead to the identification of any person obtaining an abortion.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 6; SL 2004, ch 234, § 4.


34-23A-40 Submission of reporting form.
     34-23A-40.   Submission of reporting form. By February twenty-eighth of each year, each physician who provided, or whose agent provided, the notice described in § 34-23A-7, and any physician who knowingly performed an abortion upon a female or upon a female for whom a guardian or conservator had been appointed because of a finding of incompetency during the previous calendar year shall submit to the Department of Health a copy of the physicians' information report form described in § 34-23A-39 with the requested data entered accurately and completely.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 7.


34-23A-41 Penalty for failure to submit reporting form.
     34-23A-41.   Penalty for failure to submit reporting form. Any physician who fails to submit any report required by §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive, within a grace period of thirty days following the due date is subject to a late fee of five hundred dollars for each additional thirty-day period, or portion of a thirty-day period, that each report is overdue. Any physician who has not submitted a report, or has submitted only an incomplete report, more than one year following the due date, is also subject to a civil action brought by the department. A court of competent jurisdiction may direct the physician to submit a complete report within a period stated by court order or be subject to sanctions for civil contempt.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 8.


34-23A-42 Failure to submit reporting form a misdemeanor.
     34-23A-42.   Failure to submit reporting form a misdemeanor. Any person who knowingly or recklessly fails to submit any report required by §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive, or submits false information under §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive, is guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 9.


34-23A-43 Department to ensure compliance--Inspection.
     34-23A-43.   Department to ensure compliance--Inspection. The department shall ensure compliance with §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive, and shall verify the data provided by periodic inspection of places where induced abortions are performed.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 10.


34-23A-44 Department to ensure anonymity--Confidentiality of communication.
     34-23A-44.   Department to ensure anonymity--Confidentiality of communication. No report made under §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive, may include the name of any female having an abortion. The Department of Health shall take care to ensure that none of the information included in any report required by §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive, including printed records, computerized records, or stored information of any type, can reasonably lead to the identification of any person obtaining an abortion. Except in the case of a mother who was younger than the age of sixteen at the time her child was conceived, any information collected by or under the direction of a physician or psychotherapist for the purpose of completing a report required by §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive, is privileged as a confidential communication under § 19-13-7. In the case of a mother who was younger than the age of sixteen at the time the child was conceived, the privilege of confidentiality set forth in § 19-13-7 may not be claimed in any judicial proceeding involving § 22-22-1.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 11; SL 2004, ch 234, § 5.


34-23A-45 "Induced abortion" defined.
     34-23A-45.   "Induced abortion" defined. For purposes of §§ 34-23A-34 to 34-23A-45, inclusive, only, the term, induced abortion, means the use of any means to intentionally terminate the pregnancy of a female known to be pregnant with knowledge that the termination with those means will, with reasonable likelihood, cause the death of the embryo or fetus.

Source: SL 1998, ch 209, § 12.


34-23A-46 Licensing of abortion facilities.
     34-23A-46.   Licensing of abortion facilities. Except as provided by § 34-23A-47, no person may establish or operate an abortion facility in this state without an appropriate license issued under §§ 34-23A-46 to 34-23A-51, inclusive. Each abortion facility shall have a separate license. No abortion facility license is transferrable or assignable.

Source: SL 2006, ch 182, § 2.


34-23A-47 Exceptions to abortion facility license requirement.
     34-23A-47.   Exceptions to abortion facility license requirement. The following facilities need not be licensed under §§ 34-23A-46 to 34-23A-51, inclusive:
             (1)      A health care facility licensed pursuant to chapter 34-12; or
             (2)      The office of a physician licensed pursuant to chapter 36-4 unless the office is used for performing abortions.

Source: SL 2006, ch 182, § 3.


34-23A-48 Application for abortion facility license--Contents--Fee--Inspection and investigation--Re...
     34-23A-48.   Application for abortion facility license--Contents--Fee--Inspection and investigation--Renewal. An applicant for an abortion facility license shall submit an application to the department on a form prescribed by the department. The application shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable license fee in an amount set by the department by rules promulgated pursuant to chapter 1-26. The license fee may not exceed two thousand dollars. The application shall contain evidence that there are one or more physicians on the staff of the facility who are licensed by the State Board of Medical and Osteopathic Examiners. The department shall issue a license if, after inspection and investigation, it finds that the applicant and the abortion facility meet the requirements of §§ 34-23A-46 to 34-23A-51, inclusive, and the standards promulgated in rules adopted pursuant to §§ 34-23A-46 to 34-23A-51, inclusive. As a condition for renewal of a license, the licensee shall submit to the department the annual license renewal fee set by rules promulgated pursuant to chapter 1-26.

Source: SL 2006, ch 182, § 4.


34-23A-49 Compliance inspections.
     34-23A-49.   Compliance inspections. The department may inspect an abortion facility at reasonable times as necessary to ensure compliance with §§ 34-23A-46 to 34-23A-51, inclusive. The department shall inspect an abortion facility before renewing the facility's license.

Source: SL 2006, ch 182, § 5.


34-23A-50 Fees to be deposited in abortion facility licensing fund.
     34-23A-50.   Fees to be deposited in abortion facility licensing fund. Any fees collected under §§ 34-23A-46 to 34-23A-51, inclusive, shall be deposited in the abortion facility licensing fund and are continuously appropriated to administer and enforce §§ 34-23A-46 to 34-23A-51, inclusive.

Source: SL 2006, ch 182, § 6.


34-23A-51 Promulgation of rules--Minimum standards for abortion facilities.
     34-23A-51.   Promulgation of rules--Minimum standards for abortion facilities. The department shall adopt rules pursuant to chapter 1-26 for the issuance, renewal, denial, suspension, and revocation of a license to operate an abortion facility. The department shall adopt, by rules promulgated pursuant to chapter 1-26, minimum standards to protect the health and safety of a patient of an abortion facility. The rules shall establish minimum standards regarding:
             (1)      Facility safety and sanitation;
             (2)      Qualifications and supervision of professional and nonprofessional personnel;
             (3)      Emergency equipment and procedures to provide emergency care;
             (4)      Medical records and reports;
             (5)      Procedure and recovery rooms;
             (6)      Infection control;
             (7)      Medication control;
             (8)      Quality assurance;
             (9)      Facility and laboratory equipment requirements, sanitation, testing, and maintenance;
             (10)      Information on and access to patient follow-up care; and
             (11)      Patient screening, assessment, and monitoring.

Source: SL 2006, ch 182, § 7.


34-23A-52 Opportunity to view sonogram required.
     34-23A-52.   Opportunity to view sonogram required. No facility that performs abortions may perform an abortion on a pregnant woman without first offering the pregnant woman an opportunity to view a sonogram of her unborn child. The woman's response to the offer shall be documented by the facility, including the date and time of the offer and the woman's signature attesting to her informed decision.

Source: SL 2008, ch 174, § 1.


34-23A-53 Definition of terms.
     34-23A-53.   Definition of terms. Terms as used in §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, mean:
             (1)      "Pregnancy help center," any entity whether it be a form of corporation, partnership, or proprietorship, whether it is for profit, or nonprofit, that has as one of its principal missions to provide education, counseling, and other assistance to help a pregnant mother maintain her relationship with her unborn child and care for her unborn child, which entity has a medical director who is licensed to practice medicine in the State of South Dakota, or that it has a collaborative agreement with a physician licensed in South Dakota to practice medicine to whom women can be referred, which entity does not perform abortions and is not affiliated with any physician or entity that performs abortions, and does not now refer pregnant mothers for abortions, and has not referred any pregnant mother for abortions for the three-year period immediately preceding July 1, 2011, and which are in compliance with the requirements of § 34-23A-59.1;
             (2)      Deleted by SL 2012, ch 186, § 1;
             (3)      Deleted by SL 2012, ch 186, § 1;
             (4)      "Coercion," exists if the pregnant mother is induced to consent to an abortion by any other person under circumstances, or in such a manner, which deprives her from making a free decision or exercising her free will.

Source: SL 2011, ch 161, § 7; SL 2012, ch 186, § 1.


34-23A-54 Legislative findings.
     34-23A-54.   Legislative findings. The Legislature finds that as abortion medicine is now practiced in South Dakota that:
             (1)      In the overwhelming majority of cases, abortion surgery and medical abortions are scheduled for a pregnant mother without the mother first meeting and consulting with a physician or establishing a traditional physician-patient relationship;
             (2)      The surgical and medical procedures are scheduled by someone other than a physician, without a medical or social assessment concerning the appropriateness of such a procedure or whether the pregnant mother's decision is truly voluntary, uncoerced, and informed, or whether there has been an adequate screening for a pregnant mother with regard to the risk factors that may cause complications if the abortion is performed;
             (3)      Such practices are contrary to the best interests of the pregnant mother and her child and there is a need to protect the pregnant mother's interest in her relationship with her child and her health by passing remedial legislation;
             (4)      There exists in South Dakota a number of pregnancy help centers, as defined in § 34-23A-53, which have as their central mission providing counseling, education, and other assistance to pregnant mothers to help them maintain and keep their relationship with their unborn children, and that such counseling, education, and assistance provided by these pregnancy help centers is of significant value to the pregnant mothers in helping to protect their interest in their relationship with their children; and
             (5)      It is a necessary and proper exercise of the state's authority to give precedence to the mother's fundamental interest in her relationship with her child over the irrevocable method of termination of that relationship by induced abortion.

Source: SL 2011, ch 161, § 1.


34-23A-55 Duties of physician in addition to common law.
     34-23A-55.   Duties of physician in addition to common law. The physician's common law duty to determine that the physician's patient's consent is voluntary and uncoerced and informed applies to all abortion procedures. The requirements expressly set forth in §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, that require procedures designed to insure that a consent to an abortion is voluntary and uncoerced and informed, are an express clarification of, and are in addition to, those common law duties.

Source: SL 2011, ch 161, § 2.


34-23A-56 Scheduling of abortion--Prior requirements.
     34-23A-56.   Scheduling of abortion--Prior requirements. No surgical or medical abortion may be scheduled except by a licensed physician and only after the physician physically and personally meets with the pregnant mother, consults with her, and performs an assessment of her medical and personal circumstances. Only after the physician completes the consultation and assessment complying with the provisions of §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, may the physician schedule a surgical or medical abortion, but in no instance may the physician schedule such surgical or medical abortion to take place in less than seventy-two hours from the completion of such consultation and assessment except in a medical emergency as set forth in § 34-23A-10.1 and subdivision 34-23A-1(5). No Saturday, Sunday, or annually recurring holiday, as specifically named in § 1-5-1, may be included or counted in the calculation of the seventy-two hour minimum time period between the initial physician consultation and assessment and the time of the scheduled abortion procedure. No physician may have the pregnant mother sign a consent for the abortion on the day of this initial consultation. No physician may take a signed consent from the pregnant mother unless the pregnant mother is in the physical presence of the physician and except on the day the abortion is scheduled, and only after complying with the provisions of §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, as they pertain to the initial consultation, and only after complying with the provisions of subdivisions 34-23A-10.1(1) and (2). During the initial consultation between the physician and the pregnant mother, prior to scheduling a surgical or medical abortion, the physician shall:
             (1)      Do an assessment of the pregnant mother's circumstances to make a reasonable determination whether the pregnant mother's decision to submit to an abortion is the result of any coercion or pressure from other persons. In conducting that assessment, the physician shall obtain from the pregnant mother the age or approximate age of the father of the unborn child, and the physician shall consider whether any disparity in age between the mother and father is a factor when determining whether the pregnant mother has been subjected to pressure, undue influence, or coercion;
             (2)      Provide the written disclosure required by subdivision 34-23A-10.1(1) and discuss them with her to determine that she understands them;
             (3)      Provide the pregnant mother with the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of all pregnancy help centers that are registered with the South Dakota Department of Health pursuant to §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, and provide her with written instructions that set forth the following:
             (a)      That prior to the day of any scheduled abortion the pregnant mother must have a consultation at a pregnancy help center at which the pregnancy help center shall inform her about what education, counseling, and other assistance is available to help the pregnant mother keep and care for her child, and have a private interview to discuss her circumstances that may subject her decision to coercion;
             (b)      That prior to signing a consent to an abortion, the physician shall first obtain from the pregnant mother, a written statement that she obtained a consultation with a pregnancy help center, which sets forth the name and address of the pregnancy help center, the date and time of the consultation, and the name of the counselor at the pregnancy help center with whom she consulted;
             (4)      Conduct an assessment of the pregnant mother's health and circumstances to determine if any of the following preexisting risk factors associated with adverse psychological outcomes following an abortion are present in her case:
             (a)      Coercion;
             (b)      Pressure from others to have an abortion;
             (c)      The pregnant mother views an abortion to be in conflict with her personal or religious values;
             (d)      The pregnant mother is ambivalent about her decision to have an abortion, or finds the decision of whether to have an abortion difficult and she has a high degree of decisional distress;
             (e)      That the pregnant mother has a commitment to the pregnancy or prefers to carry the child to term;
             (f)      The pregnant mother has a medical history that includes a pre-abortion mental health or psychiatric problem; and
             (g)      The pregnant mother is twenty-two years old or younger.
                  The physician making the assessment shall record in the pregnant mother's medical records, on a form created for such purpose, each of the risk factors associated with adverse psychological outcomes following an abortion listed in this subdivision that are present in her case and which are not present in her case;
             (5)      The physician shall identify for the pregnant mother and explain each of the risk factors associated with adverse psychological outcomes following an abortion listed in subdivision (4) which are present in her case;
             (6)      The physician shall advise the pregnant mother of each risk factor associated with adverse psychological outcomes following an abortion listed in subdivision 34-23A-56(4) which the physician determines are present in her case and shall discuss with the pregnant mother, in such a manner and detail as is appropriate, so that the physician can certify that the physician has made a reasonable determination that the pregnant mother understands the information imparted, all material information about the risk of adverse psychological outcomes known to be associated with each of the risk factors found to be present;
             (7)      In the event that no risk factor is determined to be present, the physician shall include in the patient's records a statement that the physician has discussed the information required by the other parts of this section and that the physician has made a reasonable determination that the mother understands the information in question;
             (8)      Records of the assessments, forms, disclosures, and instructions performed and given pursuant to this section shall be prepared by the physician and maintained as a permanent part of the pregnant mother's medical records.

Source: SL 2011, ch 161, § 3; SL 2012, ch 186, § 2; SL 2013, ch 157, § 1.


34-23A-57 Patient's written signed statement.
     34-23A-57.   Patient's written signed statement. On the day on which the abortion is scheduled, no physician may take a consent for an abortion nor may the physician perform an abortion, unless the provisions of §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, have been met, and the physician first obtains from the pregnant mother, a written, signed statement setting forth all information required by subsection 34-23A-56(3)(b). The written statement signed by the pregnant mother shall be maintained as a permanent part of the pregnant mother's medical records. Only the physician who meets with and consults with the pregnant mother pursuant to § 34-23A-56 can take her consent and perform her abortion unless serious unforeseen circumstances prevent that physician from taking the consent and performing the abortion.

Source: SL 2011, ch 161, § 4; SL 2012, ch 186, § 3.


34-23A-58 Registry of pregnancy help centers.
     34-23A-58.   Registry of pregnancy help centers. The Department of Health shall maintain a registry of pregnancy help centers located in the State of South Dakota. The Department shall publish a list of all pregnancy help centers which submit a written request or application to be listed on the state registry of pregnancy help centers. All pregnancy help centers seeking to be listed on the registry shall be so listed without charge, if they submit an affidavit that certifies that:
             (1)      The pregnancy help center has a facility or office in the State of South Dakota in which it routinely consults with women for the purpose of helping them keep their relationship with their unborn children;
             (2)      That one of its principal missions is to educate, counsel, and otherwise assist women to help them maintain their relationship with their unborn children;
             (3)      That they do not perform abortions at their facility, and have no affiliation with any organization or physician which performs abortions;
             (4)      That they do not now refer pregnant women for abortions, and have not referred any pregnant women for an abortion at any time in the three years immediately preceding July 1, 2011;
             (5)      That they have a medical director licensed by South Dakota to practice medicine or that they have a collaborative agreement with a physician licensed in South Dakota to practice medicine to whom women can be referred;
             (6)      That they shall provide the counseling and interviews described in §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, upon request by pregnant mothers; and
             (7)      That they shall comply with the provisions of § 34-23A-59 as it relates to discussion of religious beliefs.
     For purposes of placing the name of a pregnancy help center on the state registry of pregnancy help centers maintained by the Department of Health, it is irrelevant whether the pregnancy help center is secular or faith based. The Department of Health shall immediately provide a copy of the registry of pregnancy health centers to all physicians, facilities, and entities that request it. The registry shall be regularly updated by the Department of Health in order to include a current list of pregnancy help centers and shall forward all updated lists to all physicians, facilities, and entities that previously requested the list. The Department of Health shall accept written requests or applications to be placed on the state registry of pregnancy help centers from pregnancy help centers after enactment but prior to July 1, 2011.

Source: SL 2011, ch 161, § 5.


34-23A-58.1 Certification of conditions by pregnancy help centers.
     34-23A-58.1.   Certification of conditions by pregnancy help centers. On or before January 2, 2013, each pregnancy help center which has been placed on the registry of pregnancy help centers maintained by the Department of Health before January 1, 2012, as a condition to remain on the state registry of pregnancy help centers, shall submit a supplemental affidavit that certifies that:
             (1)      It has available either on staff, or pursuant to a collaborative agreement, a licensed counselor, or licensed psychologist, or licensed certified social worker, or licensed nurse, or licensed marriage and family therapist, or physician, to provide the counseling related to the assessment for coercion and the associated imparting of information described in §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive; and
             (2)      It shall strictly adhere to the confidentiality requirements set forth in §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive.

Source: SL 2012, ch 186, § 4.


34-23A-58.2 Pregnancy help centers placed on registry before January 1, 2012.
     34-23A-58.2.   Pregnancy help centers placed on registry before January 1, 2012. Any pregnancy help center which has been placed on the registry of pregnancy help centers maintained by the Department of Health before January 1, 2012, shall remain on the registry of the Department of Health and is eligible to provide the counseling and interviews described in §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62 for pregnancy help centers until January 1, 2013. Thereafter, each pregnancy help center shall remain on the state registry of the Department of Health and maintain its eligibility to provide the counseling and interviews by submitting to the Department of Health the supplemental affidavit provided for in § 34-23A-58.1.

Source: SL 2012, ch 186, § 5.


34-23A-58.3 Pregnancy help centers placed on registry after January 1, 2012.
     34-23A-58.3.   Pregnancy help centers placed on registry after January 1, 2012. Any pregnancy help center which has not been placed on the registry of pregnancy help centers maintained by the Department of Health before January 1, 2012, which submits a written request or application to be listed on the state registry of pregnancy help centers, in order to be included on the registry, shall submit to the Department of Health an affidavit that certifies all of the information required by § 34-23A-58 as well as the information required by § 34-23A-58.1.

Source: SL 2012, ch 186, § 6.


34-23A-59 Pregnancy help center consultations.
     34-23A-59.   Pregnancy help center consultations. A pregnancy help center consultation required by §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-61, inclusive, shall be implemented as follows:
             (1)      The pregnancy help center shall be permitted to interview the pregnant mother to determine whether the pregnant mother has been subject to any coercion to have an abortion, or is being pressured into having an abortion, and shall be permitted to inform the pregnant mother in writing or orally, or both, what counseling, education, and assistance that is available to the pregnant mother to help her maintain her relationship with her unborn child and help her care for the child both through the pregnancy help center or any other organization, faith-based program, or governmental program. The pregnancy help center may, if it deems it appropriate, discuss matters pertaining to adoption;
             (2)      During the consultation interviews provided for by §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, no pregnancy help center, its agents or employees, may discuss with any pregnant mother religion or religious beliefs, either of the mother or the counselor, unless the pregnant mother consents in writing;
             (3)      The pregnancy help center is under no obligation to communicate with the abortion provider in any way, and is under no obligation to submit any written or other form of confirmation that the pregnant mother consulted with the pregnancy help center. The pregnancy help center may voluntarily provide a written statement of assessment to the abortion provider, whose name the woman shall give to the pregnancy help center, if the pregnancy help center obtains information that indicates that the pregnant mother has been subjected to coercion or that her decision to consider an abortion is otherwise not voluntary or not informed. The physician shall make the physician's own independent determination whether or not a pregnant mother's consent to have an abortion is voluntary, uncoerced, and informed before having the pregnant mother sign a consent to an abortion. The physician shall review and consider any information provided by the pregnancy help center as one source of information, which in no way binds the physician, who shall make an independent determination consistent with the provisions of §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, the common law requirements, and accepted medical standards;
             (4)      Any written statement or summary of assessment prepared by the pregnancy help center as a result of counseling of a pregnant mother as a result of the procedures created by §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, may be forwarded by the pregnancy help center, in its discretion, to the abortion physician. If forwarded to the physician, the written statement or summary of assessment shall be maintained as a permanent part of the pregnant mother's medical records. Other than forwarding such documents to the abortion physician, no information obtained by the pregnancy help center from the pregnant mother may be released, without the written signed consent of the pregnant mother or unless the release is in accordance with federal, state, or local law.
     Nothing in §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, may be construed to impose any duties or liability upon a pregnancy help center.

Source: SL 2011, ch 161, § 6; SL 2012, ch 186, § 7.


34-23A-59.1 Licensed professionals required at pregnancy help centers.
     34-23A-59.1.   Licensed professionals required at pregnancy help centers. Any pregnancy help center listed on the Department of Health registry of pregnancy help centers prior to January 1, 2012, shall, beginning on January 1, 2013, have available either on staff or pursuant to a collaborative agreement, a licensed counselor, or licensed psychologist, or licensed nurse, or licensed marriage and family therapist, or a licensed physician to meet privately with the pregnant mother to provide the counseling and meeting required by §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-61, inclusive. Any pregnancy help center placed on the state registry on or after January 1, 2012, shall have one or more such licensed professionals available on staff or pursuant to collaborative agreement for such purposes beginning on January 1, 2012.

Source: SL 2012, ch 186, § 8.


34-23A-59.2 Release of confidential information as misdemeanor.
     34-23A-59.2.   Release of confidential information as misdemeanor. Any person who knowingly and intentionally releases any information obtained during any consultations resulting from §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-61, inclusive, under circumstances not in accord with the confidentiality provisions required by §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-61, inclusive, is guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor. Such a conviction of a Class 2 misdemeanor shall be reported to any agency or board responsible for licensing or certifying the persons who conducted the counseling required by §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-61, inclusive.

Source: SL 2012, ch 186, § 9.


34-23A-60 Civil action for failure to comply with §§ 34-23A-56 and 34-23A-57.
     34-23A-60.   Civil action for failure to comply with §§ 34-23A-56 and 34-23A-57. Any woman who undergoes an abortion, or her survivors, where there has been an intentional, knowing, or negligent failure to comply with the provisions of §§ 34-23A-56 and 34-23A-57 may bring a civil action, and obtain a civil penalty in the amount of ten thousand dollars, plus reasonable attorney's fees and costs, jointly and severally from the physician who performed the abortion and the abortion facility where the abortion was performed.
     This amount shall be in addition to any damages that the woman or her survivors may be entitled to receive under any common law or statutory provisions, to the extent that she sustains any injury. This amount shall also be in addition to the amounts that the woman or other survivors of the deceased unborn child may be entitled to receive under any common law or statutory provisions, including but not limited to the wrongful death statutes of this state.

Source: SL 2011, ch 161, § 8.


34-23A-61 Civil action for failure to comply with chapter.
     34-23A-61.   Civil action for failure to comply with chapter. In any civil action presenting a claim arising from a failure to comply with any of the provisions of this chapter, the following shall apply:
             (1)      The failure to comply with the requirements of this chapter relative to obtaining consent for the abortion shall create a rebuttable presumption that if the pregnant mother had been informed or assessed in accordance with the requirements of this chapter, she would have decided not to undergo the abortion;
             (2)      If the trier of fact determines that the abortion was the result of coercion, and it is determined that if the physician acted prudently, the physician would have learned of the coercion, there is a nonrebuttable presumption that the mother would not have consented to the abortion if the physician had complied with the provisions of §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive;
             (3)      If evidence is presented by a defendant to rebut the presumption set forth in subdivision (1), then the finder of fact shall determine whether this particular mother, if she had been given all of the information a reasonably prudent patient in her circumstance would consider significant, as well as all information required by §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, to be disclosed, would have consented to the abortion or declined to consent to the abortion based upon her personal background and personality, her physical and psychological condition, and her personal philosophical, religious, ethical, and moral beliefs;
             (4)      The pregnant mother has a right to rely upon the abortion doctor as her source of information, and has no duty to seek any other source of information, other than from a pregnancy help center as referenced in §§ 34-23A-56 and 34-23A-57, prior to signing a consent to an abortion;
             (5)      No patient or other person responsible for making decisions relative to the patient's care may waive the requirements of this chapter, and any verbal or written waiver of liability for malpractice or professional negligence arising from any failure to comply with the requirements of this chapter is void and unenforceable.

Source: SL 2011, ch 161, § 9; SL 2012, ch 186, § 10.


34-23A-62 Repeal not implied.
     34-23A-62.   Repeal not implied. Nothing in §§ 34-23A-53 to 34-23A-62, inclusive, repeals, by implication or otherwise, any provision not explicitly repealed.

Source: SL 2011, ch 161, § 10.


Title 34

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