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34-20B DRUGS AND SUBSTANCES CONTROL
CHAPTER 34-20B

DRUGS AND SUBSTANCES CONTROL

34-20B-1      Definitions.
34-20B-2      Drug defined.
34-20B-3      Controlled drug or substance defined.
34-20B-3.1      Controlled substance analogue.
34-20B-4      Precursor defined.
34-20B-4.1      Anabolic steroid defined.
34-20B-5 to 34-20B-9.      Superseded.
34-20B-10      Scheduled substances to be controlled--Nomenclature in schedules.
34-20B-11      Criteria for inclusion of substance in Schedule I.
34-20B-12      Specific substances included in Schedule I.
34-20B-13      Opium derivatives specifically included in Schedule I.
34-20B-14      Hallucinogenic substances specifically included in Schedule I.
34-20B-15      Criteria for inclusion of substances in Schedule II.
34-20B-16      Substances specifically included in Schedule II.
34-20B-17      Opiates specifically included in Schedule II.
34-20B-18      Criteria for inclusion of substances in Schedule III.
34-20B-19      Stimulants specifically included in Schedule III.
34-20B-19.1      Ephedrine defined.
34-20B-20      Depressants specifically included in Schedule III.
34-20B-20.1      Gamma hydroxyl butyrate defined.
34-20B-21      Exception from Schedule III of stimulants and depressants used in medicinal preparations.
34-20B-22      Specific substances included in Schedule III.
34-20B-23      Narcotics specifically included in Schedule III.
34-20B-24      Criteria for inclusion of substances in Schedule IV.
34-20B-25      Substances specifically included in Schedule IV.
34-20B-26      Narcotic compounds specifically included in Schedule IV.
34-20B-27      Recommendations for addition, deletion, or rescheduling of scheduled substances.
34-20B-28      Substances not subject to control as precursors of precursors.
34-20B-28.1      Definition of terms applicable to code imprinted drugs.
34-20B-28.2      Code imprint required.
34-20B-28.3      Manufacturers' and distributors' identifying listings.
34-20B-28.4      Exemptions--Granting on appropriate showing--Inclusion in listings.
34-20B-28.5      Contraband--Seizure and forfeiture.
34-20B-28.6      Dispensing or sale without code imprint--Misdemeanor.
34-20B-29      Registration of prescribers, manufacturers, distributors, and dispensers of controlled drug or substance.
34-20B-30      Exemptions from annual registration requirements.
34-20B-31      Repealed.
34-20B-32      Waiver of registration requirement by regulation.
34-20B-33      Registration of previously registered or licensed establishments.
34-20B-34      Separate registration required for each place of business or practice.
34-20B-35      Criteria for registration of manufacturers and distributors.
34-20B-36      Authorized Schedule I and II substances to be specified in manufacturer's or distributor's registration.
34-20B-37      Practitioners registered to dispense Schedule II, III, and IV substances.


34-20B-38      Repealed.
34-20B-39      Inventories and records of controlled substances required of registrants.
34-20B-40      Inspection of registrant's premises authorized.
34-20B-41      Promulgation of rules by department--Fees.
34-20B-42      Unauthorized manufacture or distribution by registrant prohibited--Civil fine--Knowing violation as felony.
34-20B-42.1, 34-20B-42.2.      Repealed.
34-20B-43      Omission or removal of required symbol prohibited--Civil fine--Knowing violation as misdemeanor.
34-20B-44      Failure to keep or furnish required record or report prohibited--Civil fine--Knowing violation as felony.
34-20B-45      Civil fine for violation by manufacturer or distributor--Knowing violation as felony.
34-20B-46      Intentional distribution of Schedule I or II substance without order form as felony.
34-20B-47      Intentional use of unauthorized registration number as felony.
34-20B-48      Intentional falsification or omission of material information as felony.
34-20B-49      Criminal penalties in addition to civil and administrative penalties.
34-20B-50      Repealed.
34-20B-51      Survival of right of action.
34-20B-52      Civil action for recovery from unlawful distributor--Limitation of actions.
34-20B-53      Minor's recovery payable to parent or conservator.
34-20B-54      Cooperation by department with federal and state agencies.
34-20B-55      Centralized statistical unit--Availability of information.
34-20B-56      State agencies to cooperate with department.
34-20B-57      Exchange of information between governmental officials.
34-20B-58      County and municipal funds authorized.
34-20B-59      Use of county and municipal funds to make illegal purchases.
34-20B-60      Use of county and municipal funds to employ special agents.
34-20B-61      Law enforcement and cooperation by Division of Criminal Investigation and state's attorneys.
34-20B-62      Attorney general to enforce chapter.
34-20B-63      Special powers of agents of Division of Criminal Investigation.
34-20B-64      Drug control fund created--Administration by attorney general--Expenditures--Excess funds.
34-20B-65, 34-20B-66.      Repealed.
34-20B-67      Peace officers to cooperate with Division of Criminal Investigation.
34-20B-68      Trial court jurisdiction to enjoin violations.
34-20B-69      Jury trial of violations of injunction.
34-20B-70      Property subject to forfeiture.
34-20B-70.1      Real property subject to forfeiture--Notice--Knowledge of owner.
34-20B-71      Common carrier property exempt from forfeiture--Exception.
34-20B-72      Stolen or rented conveyances exempt from forfeiture.
34-20B-73      Conveyance not forfeited by reason of nonowner's act absent owner's knowledge of unlawful use.
34-20B-74      Seizure upon process of property subject to forfeiture.
34-20B-75      Seizure without process of property subject to forfeiture.
34-20B-76      Prompt proceedings required when property seized without process.
34-20B-77      Seized property not subject to replevin.
34-20B-78      Removal and custody of seized property.
34-20B-79      Forfeited property taken subject to security interest--Procedure--Exception when secured party had knowledge of unlawful use.
34-20B-80      Forfeiture proceeding as civil action--Standard of proof.
34-20B-81      Unlawful substances deemed contraband--Summary forfeiture.
34-20B-82      Unauthorized Schedule I substances deemed contraband--Summary seizure and forfeiture.
34-20B-83      Seizure and summary forfeiture of plant precursors of Schedule I and II substances--Failure to produce registration as authority.
34-20B-84      Summons and complaint for forfeiture of property filed by attorney general--Contents of complaint--Notice.
34-20B-85      Procedure for forfeiture--Contents of complaint--Notice to owners and lienholders of record.
34-20B-86      Verified answer by claimant of property seized--Time for filing.
34-20B-87      Disposition of seized property if no answer filed.
34-20B-88      Trial of contested forfeiture--Order releasing or forfeiting property.
34-20B-89      Disposition of forfeited property.
34-20B-90      Burden of proof as to registration or order form.
34-20B-91      Enforcement officers exempt from liability.
34-20B-92      Judicial review of department's decisions--Findings of fact conclusive.
34-20B-93      Research on misuse and abuse of controlled substances.
34-20B-94      Areas of authorized research.
34-20B-95      Contracts with other agencies for research projects.
34-20B-96      Performance bonds not required in educational and research contracts.
34-20B-97      Withholding of names by researchers--Privileged information.
34-20B-98      Possession and distribution of controlled substances authorized to researchers--Exemption from prosecution.
34-20B-99      Coordination and cooperation in law enforcement training programs.
34-20B-100      Contracts with government agencies or private organizations.
34-20B-101      Federal funds--Disposition.
34-20B-102      Coordination and regulation of educational programs--Measures authorized.
34-20B-103, 34-20B-104.      Repealed.
34-20B-105      Residential alcohol and drug abuse treatment program authorized at Human Services Center.
34-20B-106 to 34-20B-109.      Repealed.
34-20B-110      Measures for identification and assessment of effects of controlled substances.
34-20B-111, 34-20B-112.      Repealed.
34-20B-113      Severability of provisions and applications.
34-20B-114      Citation of chapter.


34-20B-1 Definitions.
     34-20B-1.   Definitions. Terms as used in this chapter mean:
             (1)      "Administer," to deliver a controlled drug or substance to the ultimate user or human research subject by injection, inhalation, or ingestion, or by any other means;
             (2)      "Agent," an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser and includes a common or contract carrier, public warehouseman, or employee thereof;
             (3)      "Control," to add, remove, or change the placement of a drug, substance, or immediate precursor under §§ 34-20B-27 and 34-20B-28;
             (4)      "Counterfeit substance," a controlled drug or substance which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, number, or device, or any likeness thereof, of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser other than the person or persons who manufactured, distributed, or dispensed such substance and which thereby falsely purports or is represented to be the product of, or to have been distributed by, such other manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser;
             (5)      "Deliver" or "delivery," the actual, constructive, or attempted transfer of a controlled drug, substance, or marijuana whether or not there exists an agency relationship;
             (6)      "Department," the Department of Health created by chapter 1-43;
             (7)      "Dispense," to deliver a controlled drug or substance to the ultimate user or human research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing, administering, packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for such delivery, and a dispenser is one who dispenses;
             (8)      "Distribute," to deliver a controlled drug, substance, or marijuana. A distributor is a person who delivers a controlled drug, substance, or marijuana;
             (9)      "Hashish," the resin extracted from any part of any plant of the genus cannabis, commonly known as the marijuana plant;
             (10)      "Imprisonment," imprisonment in the state penitentiary unless the penalty specifically provides for imprisonment in the county jail;
             (11)      "Manufacture," the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, or processing of a controlled drug or substance, either directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis. A manufacturer includes any person who packages, repackages, or labels any container of any controlled drug or substance, except practitioners who dispense or compound prescription orders for delivery to the ultimate consumer;
             (12)      "Marijuana," all parts of any plant of the genus cannabis, whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant or its seeds; but does not include fiber produced from the mature stalks of such plant, or oil or cake made from the seeds of such plant, or the resin when extracted from any part of such plant;
             (13)      "Narcotic drug," any of the following, whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:
             (a)      Opium, coca leaves, and opiates;
             (b)      A compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, or preparation of opium, coca leaves, or opiates;
             (c)      A substance (and any compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, or preparation thereof) which is chemically identical with any of the substances referred to in subsections (a) and (b) of this subdivision;
                  except that the term, narcotic drug, as used in this chapter does not include decocainized coca leaves or extracts of coca leaves, which extracts do not contain cocaine or ecgonine;
             (14)      "Opiate," any controlled drug or substance having an addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having such addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability;
             (15)      "Opium poppy," the plant of the species papaver somniferum L., except the seeds thereof;
             (16)      "Person," any corporation, association, limited liability company, partnership or one or more individuals;
             (17)      "Poppy straw," all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing;
             (18)      "Practitioner," a doctor of medicine, osteopathy, podiatry, optometry, dentistry, or veterinary medicine licensed to practice their profession, or pharmacists licensed to practice their profession; physician assistants certified to practice their profession; nurse practitioners and nurse midwives licensed to practice their profession; government employees acting within the scope of their employment; and persons permitted by certificates issued by the department to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to, or administer a substance controlled by this chapter;
             (18A)      "Prescribe," an order of a practitioner for a controlled drug or substance.
             (19)      "Production," the manufacture, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of a controlled drug or substance;
             (20)      "State," the State of South Dakota;
             (21)      "Ultimate user," a person who lawfully possesses a controlled drug or substance for personal use or for the use of a member of the person's household or for administration to an animal owned by the person or by a member of the person's household;
             (22)      "Controlled substance analogue," any of the following:
             (a)      A substance that differs in its chemical structure to a controlled substance listed in or added to the schedule designated in schedule I or II only by substituting one or more hydrogens with halogens or by substituting one halogen with a different halogen; or
             (b)      A substance that is an alkyl homolog of a controlled substance listed in or added to schedule I or II; or
             (c)      A substance intended for human consumption; and
             (i)      The chemical structure of which is substantially similar to the chemical structure of a controlled substance in schedule I or II;
             (ii)      Which has a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in schedule I or II; or
             (iii)      With respect to a particular person, which such person represents or intends to have a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in schedule I or II;
                  However, the term, controlled substance analogue, does not include a controlled substance or any substance for which there is an approved new drug application.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 6; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-44; SL 1972, ch 216, § 1; SL 1974, ch 266, § 1; SL 1975, ch 256; SL 1976, ch 158, § 42-9; SL 1981, ch 260, §§ 1, 2; SL 1981, ch 375, §§ 18, 19; SL 1984, ch 239, § 1; SL 1985, ch 185, § 2; SL 1986, ch 306, § 11; SL 1989, ch 21, § 158; SL 1989, ch 293, § 1; SL 1994, ch 351, § 61; SL 1995, ch 191, § 4; SL 2004, ch 229, § 1; SL 2013, ch 156, § 1, eff. Mar. 6, 2013.


34-20B-2 Drug defined.
     34-20B-2.   Drug defined. For the purposes of this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, "drug" means:
             (1)      Articles recognized in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official National Formulary, or any supplement to any of them, unless the department shall determine that any such article is inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter or are not appropriate to conditions which exist in this state, and by regulation specifically excludes any such article;
             (2)      Articles intended for use, or used, in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or other animals;
             (3)      Articles (other than food) intended to affect, or affecting, the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals; and
             (4)      Articles intended for use, or used, as a component of any articles specified in clauses (1), (2), or (3) of this section, but does not include mechanical devices or their components, parts, or accessories.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 6 (j); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-45.


34-20B-3 Controlled drug or substance defined.
     34-20B-3.   Controlled drug or substance defined. For the purposes of this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, "controlled drug or substance" means a drug, substance, or immediate precursor in Schedules I through IV of §§ 34-20B-11 to 34-20B-26, inclusive.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 6 (e); SDL Supp, § 39-17-46; SL 1976, ch 158, § 42-10.


34-20B-3.1 Controlled substance analogue.
     34-20B-3.1.   Controlled substance analogue. A controlled substance analogue shall be treated as a controlled substance in schedule I.

Source: SL 2013, ch 156, § 2, eff. Mar. 6, 2013.


34-20B-4 Precursor defined.
     34-20B-4.   Precursor defined. For the purposes of this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, "precursor" or "immediate precursor" means a substance which the department has found to be and by regulation designates as being a principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use, and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used, in the manufacture of a controlled drug or substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail, or limit such manufacture.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 6 (u); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-47.


34-20B-4.1 Anabolic steroid defined.
     34-20B-4.1.   Anabolic steroid defined. An anabolic steroid is any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone, other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids, that promotes muscle growth and includes:
             (1)      Androstanediol:
             (a)      3.,17.-dihydroxy-5a-androstane;
             (b)      3.,17.-dihydroxy-5a-androstane;
             (2)      Androstanedione (5.-androstan-3,17-dione);
             (3)      Androstenediol:
             (a)      1-androstenediol (3.,17.-dihydroxy-5.- androst-1-ene);
             (b)      1-androstenediol (3.,17.-dihydroxy-5.- androst-1-ene);
             (c)      4-androstenediol (3.,17.-dihydroxy-androst-4-ene);
             (d)      5-androstenediol (3.,17.-dihydroxy-androst-5-ene);
             (4)      Androstenedione:
             (a)      1-androstenedione ([5.]-androst-1-en-3,17-dione);
             (b)      4-androstenedione (androst-4-en-3,17-dione);
             (c)      5-androstenedione (androst-5-en-3,17-dione);
             (5)      Bolasterone (7.,17.-dimethyl- 17.-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
             (6)      Boldenone (17.-hydroxyandrost-1,4,-diene-3-one);
             (7)      Calusterone (7.,17.-dimethyl- 17.-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
             (8)      Clostebol (4-chloro-17.-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
             (9)      Dehydrochloromethyltestosterone (4-chloro-17.-hydroxy-17.-methyl-androst-1,4- dien-3-one);
             (10)      .1-dihydrotestosterone (a.k.a. '1-testosterone') (17.-hydroxy-5.-androst-1-en- 3-one);
             (11)      4-dihydrotestosterone (17.-hydroxy-androstan-3-one);
             (12)      Drostanolone (17.-hydroxy-2.-methyl -5.-androstan-3-one);
             (13)      Ethylestrenol (17.-ethyl-17.-hydroxyestr-4-ene);
             (14)      Fluoxymesterone (9-fluoro-17.-methyl -11.,17.-dihydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
             (15)      Formebolone (2-formyl-17.-methyl- 11.,17.-dihydroxyandrost-1,4-dien-3-one);
             (16)      Furazabol (17.-methyl-17.-hydroxyandrostano[2,3-c]- furazan);
             (17)      13.-ethyl-17.-hydroxygon-4-en-3-one;
             (18)      4-hydroxytestosterone (4,17.-dihydroxy-androst-4-en-3-one);
             (19)      4-hydroxy-19-nortestosterone (4,17.-dihydroxy-estr-4-en-3-one);
             (20)      Mestanolone (17.-methyl-17.-hydroxy- 5.-androstan-3-one);
             (21)      Mesterolone (1.-methyl-17.-hydroxy- [5.]-androstan-3-one);
             (22)      Methandienone (17.-methyl-17.-hydroxyandrost-1,4-dien- 3-one);
             (23)      Methandriol (17.-methyl-3.,17.- dihydroxyandrost-5-ene);
             (24)      Methenolone (1-methyl-17.-hydroxy-5.-androst-1-en-3- one);
             (25)      17.-methyl- 3.,17.-dihydroxy-5a-androstane;
             (26)      17.-methyl- 3.,17.-dihydroxy-5a-androstane;
             (27)      17.-methyl- 3.,17.-dihydroxyandrost-4-ene;
             (28)      17.-methyl-4-hydroxynandrolone (17.-methyl-4-hydroxy- 17.-hydroxyestr-4- en-3-one);
             (29)      Methyldienolone (17.-methyl-17.-hydroxyestra-4,9(10)- dien-3-one);
             (30)      Methyltrienolone (17.-methyl-17.-hydroxyestra-4,9-11- trien-3-one);
             (31)      Methyltestosterone (17.-methyl-17. -hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
             (32)      Mibolerone (7.,17.-dimethyl-17.- hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one);
             (33)      17.-methyl-.1- dihydrotestosterone (17b.-hydroxy-17.-methyl-5.-androst- 1-en-3-one) (also known as 17-.-methyl-1-testosterone);
             (34)      Nandrolone (17.-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one);
             (35)      Norandrostenediol:
             (a)      19-nor-4-androstenediol (3.,17.-dihydroxyestr-4-ene);
             (b)      19-nor-4-androstenediol (3.,17.-dihydroxyestr-4-ene);
             (c)      19-nor-5-androstenediol (3.,17.-dihydroxyestr-5-ene);
             (d)      19-nor-5-androstenediol (3.,17.-dihydroxyestr-5-ene);
             (36)      Norandrostenedione:
             (a)      19-nor-4-androstenedione (estr-4-en-3,17-dione);
             (b)      19-nor-5-androstenedione (estr-5-en-3,17-dione);
             (37)      Norbolethone (13.,17.-diethyl-17. -hydroxygon-4-en-3-one);
             (38)      Norclostebol (4-chloro-17.-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one);
             (39)      Norethandrolone (17.-ethyl-17.-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one);
             (40)      Normethandrolone (17.-methyl-17.-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one);
             (41)      Oxandrolone (17.-methyl-17.-hydroxy -2-oxa-[5.]-androstan-3-one);
             (42)      Oxymesterone (17.-methyl-4,17.-dihydroxyandrost-4-en- 3-one);
             (43)      Oxymetholone (17.-methyl-2-hydroxymethylene-17.-hydroxy-[5.]-androstan- 3-one);
             (44)      Stanozolol (17.-methyl-17.-hydroxy-[5.]- androst-2-eno[3,2-c]-pyrazole);
             (45)      Stenbolone (17.-hydroxy-2-methyl-[5.]-androst-1-en-3-one);
             (46)      Testolactone (13-hydroxy-3-oxo-13,17-secoandrosta-1,4-dien-17-oic acid lactone);
             (47)      Testosterone (17.-hydroxyandrost-4-en-3-one);
             (48)      Tetrahydrogestrinone (13.,17.-diethyl-17.- hydroxygon-4,9,11-trien-3-one);
             (49)      Trenbolone (17.-hydroxyestr-4,9,11-trien-3-one);
             (50)      Boldione (androsta-1,4-diene-3,17-dione);
             (51)      Desoxymethyltestosterone (17.-methyl-5.-androst-2-en-17.-ol) (also known as madol);
             (52)      19-nor-4,9(10)-androstadienedione (estra-4,9(10)-diene-3,17-dione);
             (53)      Prostanozol (17.-hydroxy-5.-androstano[3,2-c]pyrazole);
             (54)      Methasterone (2.,17.-dimethyl-5.- androstan-17.-ol-3-one); and
             (55)      Any salt, ester, or ether of a drug or substance described or listed in this section, if that salt, ester, or ether promotes muscle growth.
     The term, anabolic steroid, as defined in this section, does not include an anabolic steroid which is expressly intended for administration through implants to cattle or other nonhuman species. However, if any person prescribes, dispenses, or distributes such a steroid for human use, the person shall be considered to have prescribed, dispensed, or distributed an anabolic steroid within the meaning of this section.

Source: SL 1990, ch 269, § 1; SL 1992, ch 245, § 4; SL 2006, ch 179, § 1, eff. Feb. 9, 2006; SL 2010, ch 174, § 1, eff. Feb. 24, 2010; SL 2013, ch 156, § 3, eff. Mar. 6, 2013.


34-20B-5
     34-20B-5 to 34-20B-9.   Superseded.


34-20B-10 Scheduled substances to be controlled--Nomenclature in schedules.
     34-20B-10.   Scheduled substances to be controlled--Nomenclature in schedules. All controlled drugs and substances listed in §§ 34-20B-11 to 34-20B-26, inclusive, are hereby controlled. The schedules set forth in said sections include the controlled drugs and substances listed or to be listed, by whatever official name, common or usual name, or trade name designated.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, §§ 7, 8; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-53.


34-20B-11 Criteria for inclusion of substance in Schedule I.
     34-20B-11.   Criteria for inclusion of substance in Schedule I. To be included within Schedule I, a substance shall have:
             (1)      A high potential for abuse;
             (2)      No accepted medical use in the United States; and
             (3)      A lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (a); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-54; SL 1976, ch 158, § 42-11.


34-20B-12 Specific substances included in Schedule I.
     34-20B-12.   Specific substances included in Schedule I. Any of the following substances, including their isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers, is included in Schedule I, unless specifically excepted, whenever the existence of such isomers, esters, ethers, and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation:
             (1)      Acetylmethadol;
             (2)      Allylprodine;
             (3)      Alphacetylmethadol, except levo-alphacetylmethadol, also known as levo-alpha-acetylmethadol, levomethadyl acetate or LAAM;
             (4)      Alphameprodine;
             (5)      Alphamethadol;
             (6)      Benzethidine;
             (7)      Betacetylmethadol;
             (8)      Betameprodine;
             (9)      Betamethadol;
             (10)      Betaprodine;
             (11)      Clonitazene;
             (12)      Dextromoramide;
             (13)      Diampromide;
             (14)      Diethyliambutene;
             (15)      Dimenoxadol;
             (16)      Dimepheptanol;
             (17)      Dimethyliambutene;
             (18)      Dioxaphetyl butyrate;
             (19)      Dipipanone;
             (20)      Ethylmethylthiambutene;
             (21)      Etonitazene;
             (22)      Etoxeridine;
             (23)      Furethidine;
             (24)      Hydroxypethidine;
             (25)      Ketobemidone;
             (26)      Levomoramide;
             (27)      Levophenacylmorphan;
             (28)      Mecloqualone;
             (29)      Morpheridine;
             (30)      Noracymethadol;
             (31)      Norlevorphanol;
             (32)      Normethadone;
             (33)      Norpipanone;
             (34)      Phenadoxone;
             (35)      Phenampromide;
             (36)      Phenomorphan;
             (37)      Phenoperidine;
             (38)      Piritramide;
             (39)      Proheptazine;
             (40)      Properidine;
             (41)      Racemoramide;
             (42)      Trimeperidine;
             (43)      Methaqualone;
             (44)      N-benzylpiperazine.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (a) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-55; SL 1977, ch 315, § 1; SL 1985, ch 278, § 50; SL 1994, ch 278, § 1; SL 2003, ch 183, § 1.


34-20B-13 Opium derivatives specifically included in Schedule I.
     34-20B-13.   Opium derivatives specifically included in Schedule I. Any of the following opium derivatives, their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers, is included in Schedule I, unless specifically excepted, whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:
             (1)      Acetylcodone
             (2)      Benzylmorphine
             (3)      Codeine methylbromide
             (4)      Codeine-N-Oxide
             (5)      Desomorphine
             (6)      Drotebanol
             (7)      Heroin
             (8)      Hydromorphinol
             (9)      Methydesorphine
             (10)      Methylhydromorphine
             (11)      Morphine methylbromide
             (12)      Morphine methylsulfonate
             (13)      Morphine-N-Oxide
             (14)      Myrophine
             (15)      Nicocodeine
             (16)      Nicomorphine
             (17)      Normorphine
             (18)      Thebacon
             (19)      3-Methylfentanyl
             (20)      Fentanyl analogs, except those which are specifically listed in other schedules
             (21)      1-Methyl-4-phenyl-4-propionoxypiperidine
             (22)      1-(2-phenethyl)-4-phenyl-4-acetoxypiperidine.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8(a)(1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-56; SL 1977, ch 315, § 2; SL 1981, ch 261, § 4; SL 1987, ch 255, § 1; SL 1988, ch 282, § 1.


34-20B-14 Hallucinogenic substances specifically included in Schedule I.
     34-20B-14.   Hallucinogenic substances specifically included in Schedule I. Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following hallucinogenic substances, their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers, is included in Schedule I, unless specifically excepted, whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:
             (1)      Bufotenine;
             (2)      Diethyltryptamine (DET);
             (3)      Dimethyltryptamine (DMT);
             (4)      5-methoxy-N, N-Dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT);
             (5)      5-methoxy-3, 4-methylenedioxy amphetamine;
             (6)      4-bromo-2, 5-dimethoxyamphetamine;
             (7)      4-methoxyamphetamine;
             (8)      4-methoxymethamphetamine;
             (9)      4-methyl-2, 5-dimethoxyamphetamine;
             (10)      Hashish and hash oil;
             (11)      Ibogaine;
             (12)      Lysergic acid diethylamide;
             (13)      Mescaline;
             (14)      N-ethyl-3-piperidyl benzilate;
             (15)      N-methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate;
             (16)      1-(-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl) piperidine (TCP);
             (17)      Peyote, except that when used as a sacramental in services of the Native American church in a natural state which is unaltered except for drying or curing and cutting or slicing, it is hereby excepted;
             (18)      Psilocybin;
             (19)      Psilocyn;
             (20)      Tetrahydrocannabinol, other than that which occurs in marijuana in its natural and unaltered state, including any compound, except nabilone or compounds listed under a different schedule, structurally derived from 6,6. dimethyl-benzo[c]chromene by substitution at the 3-position with either alkyl (C3 to C8), methyl cycloalkyl, or adamantyl groups, whether or not the compound is further modified in any of the following ways:
             (a)      By partial to complete saturation of the C-ring; or
             (b)      By substitution at the 1-position with a hydroxyl or methoxy group; or
             (c)      By substitution at the 9-position with a hydroxyl, methyl, or methylhydoxyl group; or
             (d)      By modification of the possible 3-alkyl group with a 1,1. dimethyl moiety, a 1,1. cyclic moiety, an internal methylene group, an internal acetylene group, or a terminal halide, cyano, azido, or dimethylcarboxamido group.
                  Some trade and other names: JWH-051; JWH-057; JWH-133; JWH-359; HHC; AM-087; AM-411; AM-855, AM-905; AM-906; AM-2389; HU-210; HU-211; HU-243; HU-336;
             (21)      3, 4, 5-trimethoxy amphetamine;
             (22)      3, 4-methylenedioxy amphetamine;
             (23)      3-methoxyamphetamine;
             (24)      2, 5-dimethoxyamphetamine;
             (25)      2-methoxyamphetamine;
             (26)      2-methoxymethamphetamine;
             (27)      3-methoxymethamphetamine;
             (28)      Phencyclidine;
             (29)      3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA);
             (30)      3, 4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine;
             (31)      N-hydroxy-3, 4-methylenedioxyamphetamine;
             (32)      4-methylaminorex (also known as 2-Amino-4-methyl/x-5-phenyl-2-oxazoline);
             (33)      2,5 Dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamine;
             (34)      N,N-Dimethylamphetamine;
             (35)      1-(1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl)pyrrolidine;
             (36)      Aminorex;
             (37)      Cathinone and other variations, defined as any compound, material, mixture, preparation or other product unless listed in another schedule or an approved FDA drug (e.g. buproprion, pyrovalerone), structurally derived from 2-aminopropan-1-one by substitution at the 1-position with either phenyl, naphthyl, or thiophene ring systems, whether or not the compound is further modified in any of the following ways:
             (a)      By substitution in the ring system to any extent with alkyl, alkylenedioxy, alkoxy, haloalkyl, hydroxyl, or halide substituents, whether or not further substituted in the ring system by one or more other univalent substitutents;
             (b)      By substitution at the 3-position with an acyclic alkyl substituent;
             (c)      By substitution at the 2-amino nitrogen atom with alkyl, dialkyl, benzyl, or methoxybenzyl groups or by inclusion of the 2-amino nitrogen atom in a cyclic structure.
                  Some trade or other names: methcathinone, 4-methyl-N-methylcathinone (mephedrone); 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (methylone); 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV); Naphthylpyrovalerone (naphyrone); 4-flouromethcathinone (flephedrone); 4-methoxymethcathinone (methedrone; Bk-PMMA); Ethcathinone (N-Ethylcathinone); 3,4-methylenedioxyethcathinone (ethylone); Beta-keto-N-methyl-3,4-benzodioxyolybutanamine (butylone); N,N-dimethylcathinone (metamfepramone); Alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (alpha-PPP); 4-methoxy-alpha-pyrrolidinopropiophenone (MOPPP); 3,4-methylenedioxyalphapyrrolidinopropiophenone (MDPPP); Alpha-pyrrolidinovalerophenone (alpha-PVP); 3-fluoromethcathinone; 4.-Methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinobutiophenone (MPBP); Methyl-.-pyrrolindinopropiophenone (MPPP); Methyl-.-pyrrolidino-hexanophenone (MPHP); Buphedrone; Methyl-N-ethylcathinone; Pentedrone; Dimethylmethcathinone (DMMC); Dimethylethcathinone (DMEC); Methylenedioxymethcathinone (MDMC); Pentylone; Ethylethcathinone; Ethylmethcathinone; Fluoroethcathinone; methyl-alpha-pyrrolidinobutiophenone (MPBP); Methylecathinone (MEC); Methylenedioxy-alpha-pyrrolidinobutiophenone (MDPBP); Methoxymethcathinone (MOMC); Methylbuphedrone (MBP); Benzedrone (4-MBC); Dibutylone (DMBDB); Dimethylone (MDDMA); Diethylcathinone; Eutylone (EBDB); N-ethyl-N-Methylcathinone; N-ethylbuphedrone;
             (38)      2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamine (DOET);
             (39)      Alpha-ethyltryptamine;
             (40)      4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxy phenethylamine;
             (41)      2,5-dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylthiophenethylamine (2C-T-7);
             (42)      1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl) piperazine (TFMPP);
             (43)      Alpha-methyltryptamine (AMT);
             (44)      5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DIPT);
             (45)      5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT);
             (46)      Synthetic cannabinoids. Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation that is not listed as a controlled substance in another schedule, is not an FDA-approved drug, and contains any quantity of the following substances, their salts, isomers (whether optical, positional, or geometric), homologues, and salts of isomers and homologues, unless specifically excepted, whenever the existence of these salts, isomers, homologues, and salts of isomers and homologues is possible within the specific chemical designation:
             (a)      Naphthoylindoles. Any compound containing a 3-(1-naphthoyl)indole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinhyl)methyl, 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl, cyanoalky, 1-(N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl, 1-(N-methyl-3-morpholinyl)methyl, or (tetrahydropyran-4-yl)methyl group, whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent.
                  Some trade or other names: JWH-015; 1-pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018); 1-hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-019); 1-butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073); 1-pentyl-3-[1-(4-methoxynaphthoyl)]indole (JWH-081); 1-pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-122); 1-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200); JWH-210; JWH-398; 1-pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM-678); 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM-2201); WIN 55-212; JWH-004; JWH-007; JWH-009; JWH-011; JWH-016; JWH-020; JWH-022; JWH-046; JWH-047; JWH-048; JWH-049; JWH-050; JWH-070; JWH-071; JWH_072; JWH-076; JWH-079; JWH-080; JWH-082; JWH-094; JWH-096; JWH-098; JWH-116; JWH-120; JWH-148; JWH-149; JWH-164; JWH-166; JWH-180; JWH-181; JWH-182; JWH-189; JWH-193; JWH-198; JWH-211; JWH-212; JWH-213; JWH-234; JWH-235; JWH-236; JWH-239; JWH-240; JWH-241; JWH-258; JWH-262; JWH-386; JWH-387; JWH-394; JWH-395; JWH-397; JWH-399; JWH-400; JWH-412; JWH-413; JWH-414; JWH-415; JWH-424; AM-678; AM-1220; AM-1221; AM-1235; AM-2232;
             (b)      Naphthylmethylindoles. Any compound containing a 1H-indol-3-yl-(1-naphthyl)methane structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl, cyanoalky, 1-(N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl, 1-(N-methyl-3-morpholinyl)methyl, or (tetrahydropyran-4-yl)methyl group, whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent.
                  Some trade or other names: JWH-175; JWH-184; JWH-185; JWH-192; JWH-194; JWH-195; JWH-196; JWH-197; JWH-199;
             (c)      Phenylacetylindoles. Any compound containing a 3-phenylacetylindole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl, cyanoalky, 1-(N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl, 1-(N-methyl-3-morpholinyl)methyl, or (tetrahydropyran-4-yl)methyl group, whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the phenyl ring to any extent.
                  Some trade or other names: 1-cyc lohexylethyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (SR-18); 1-cyclohexylethyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (RCS-8); 1-pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-250); 1-pentyl-3-(2-chlorophenylacetyl)indole (JWH-203); JWH-167; JWH-201; JWH-202; JWH-204; JWH-205; JWH-206; JWH-207; JWH-208; JWH-209; JWH-237; JWH-248; JWH-249; JWH-251; JWH-253; JWH-302; JWH-303; JWH-304; JWH-305; JWH-306; JWH-311; JWH-312; JWH-313; JWH-314; JWH-315; JWH-316; Cannabipiperidiethanone;
             (d)      Benzoylindoles. Any compound containing a 3-(benzoyl)indole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl, cyanoalky, 1-(N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl, 1-(N-methyl-3-morpholinyl)methyl, or (tetrahydropyran-4-yl)methyl group, whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the phenyl ring to any extent.
                  Some trade or other names: 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM-694); 1-pentyl-3-[(4-methoxy)-benzoyl]indole (SR-19); Pravadoline (WIN 48,098); 1-pentyl-3-[(4-methoxy)-benzoyl]indole (RCS-4); AM-630; AM-661; AM-2233; AM-1241;
             (e)      Naphthoylpyrroles. Any compound containing a 3-(1-naphthoyl)pyrrole structure with substitution at the nitrogen atom of the pyrrole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl, cyanoalky, 1-(N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl, 1-(N-methyl-3-morpholinyl)methyl, or (tetrahydropyran-4-yl)methyl group, whether or not further substituted in the pyrrole ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent.
                  Some trade or other names: JWH-307; JWH-030; JWH-031; JWH-145; JWH-146; JWH-147; JWH-150; JWH-156; JWH-242; JWH-243; JWH-244; JWH-245; JWH-246; JWH-292; JWH-293; JWH-308; JWH-309; JWH-346; JWH-348; JWH-363; JWH-364; JWH-365; JWH-367; JWH-368; JWH-369; JWH-370; JWH-371; JWH-373; JWH-392;
             (f)      Naphthylmethylindenes. Any compound containing a naphthylideneindene structure with substitution at the 3-position of the indene ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl, cyanoalky, 1-(N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl, 1-(N-methyl-3-morpholinyl)methyl, or (tetrahydropyran-4-yl)methyl group, whether or not further substituted in the indene ring to any extent and whether or not substituted in the naphthyl ring to any extent.
                  Some trade or other names: JWH-171; JWH-176; JWH-220;
             (g)      Cyclohexylphenols. Any compound containing a 2-(3-hydroxycyclohexyl)phenol structure with substitution at the 5-position of the phenolic ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, or 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl, cyanoalky, 1-(N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl, 1-(N-methyl-3-morpholinyl)methyl, or (tetrahydropyran-4-yl)methyl group, whether or not substituted in the cyclohexyl ring to any extent.
                  Some trade or other names: 5-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (CP 47, 497 and homologues, which includes C8); cannabicyclohexanol; CP-55,490; CP-55,940; CP-56,667;
             (h)      (6aR,10aR)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl) 6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol. Some trade or other names: HU-210;
             (i)      2,3-Dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-m orpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-1-napthalenyl. Some trade or other names: WIN 55, 212-2;
             (j)      Substituted Acetylindoles. Any compound containing a 3-acetyl indole structure substituted at the acetyl with a tetramethylcyclopropyl, adamantyl, or benzyl substituent whether or not further substituted in the tetramethylcyclopropyl, adamantyl, or benzyl substituent to any extent and whether or not further substituted at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, cyanoalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl, 1-(N-methyl-3-morpholinyl)methyl, or (tetrahydropyran-4-yl)methyl group whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent.
                  Some trade and or names: (1-Pentylindol-3-yl)-(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (UR-144); (1-(5-fluoropentyl)indol-3-yl)-(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (XLR-11); (1-(2-morpholin-4-ylethyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)-(2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone (A-796,260); 1-[(N-methylpiperidin-2-yl)methyl]-3-(adamant-1-oyl)indole (AM-1248); 1-Pentyl-3-(1-adamantoyl)indole (AB- 001 and JWH-018 adamantyl analog); AM-679;
             (k)      Substituted Carboxamide Indole. Any compound containing a 3-carboxamide indole structure substituted at the carboxamide with a tetramethylcyclopropyl, naphthyl, or adamantyl substituent, whether or not further substituted in the tetramethylcyclopropyl, or adamantyl substituent to any extent and whether or not further substituted at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring by an alkyl, haloalkyl, cyanoalkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkylmethyl, cycloalkylethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-piperidinyl)methyl, 2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl, 1-(N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl, 1-(N-methyl-3-morpholinyl)methyl,or (tetrahydropyran-4-yl)methyl group whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent.
                  Some trade and other names: JWH-018 adamantyl carboxamide; STS-135; MN-18; 5-Fluoro-MN-18;
             (47)      6,7-dihydro-5H-indeno-(5,6-d)-1,3-dioxol-6-amine) (MDAI);
             (48)      2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-E);
             (49)      2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-D);
             (50)      2-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-C);
             (51)      2-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-I);
             (52)      2-[4-(Ethylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-2);
             (53)      2-[4-(Isopropylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-4);
             (54)      2-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H);
             (55)      2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitro-phenyl)ethanamine (2C-N);
             (56)      2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-P);
             (57)      Substituted phenethylamine. Any compound, unless specifically exempt, listed as a controlled substance in another schedule or an approved FDA drug, structurally derived from phenylethan-2-amine by substitution on the phenyl ring in any of the following ways, that is to say--by substitution with a fused methylenedioxy, fused furan, or fused tetrahydrofuran ring system; by substitution with two alkoxy groups; by substitution with one alkoxy and either one fused furan, tetrahydrofuran, or tetrahydropyran ring system; by substitution with two fused ring systems from any combination of the furan, tetrahydrofuran, or tetrahydropyran ring systems; whether or not the compound is further modified in any of the following ways:
             (a)      By substitution on the phenyl ring by any halo, hydroxyl, alkyl, trifluoromethyl, alkoxy, or alkylthio groups;
             (b)      By substitution on the 2-position by any alkyl groups; or
             (c)      By substitution on the 2-amino nitrogen atom with alkyl, dialkyl, benzyl, methoxybenzyl, or hydroxybenzyl groups.
                  Some trade and other names: 2-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-(methylthio)phenyl)ethanamine (2C-T or 4-methylthio-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine); 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-propan-2-amine (DOI or 2, 5-Dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine); 1-(4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOB or 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-bromoamphetamine); 1-(4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxy-phenyl)propan-2-amine (DOC or 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-chloroamphetamine); 2-(4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl)methyl]ethanamine (2C-B-NBOMe; 25B-NBOMe or 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-bromo-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)phenethylamine); 2-4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl)methyl]ethanamine (2C-I-NBOMe; 25I-NBOMe or 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-iodo-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)phenethylamine); N.(2-Methoxybenzyl)-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxypheny (Mescaline-NBOMe or 3,4,5-trimethoxy-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)phenethylamine); 2-(4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-N-[(2-methoxyphenyl)methyl]ethanamine (2C-C-NBOMe; 25C-NBOMe or 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-chloro-N-(2-methoxybenzyl)phenethylamine); 2-(7-Bromo-5-methoxy-2,3-dihydro-1- benzofuran-4-yl)ethanamine (2CB-5-hemiFLY); 2-(8-bromo-2,3,6,7-tetrahydrofuro [2,3-f][1]benzofuran-4-yl)ethanamine (2C-B-FLY); 2-(10-Bromo-2,3,4,7,8,9-hexahydropyrano[2,3-g]chromen-5-yl)ethanamine (2C-B-butterFLY); N-(2-Methoxybenzyl)-1-(8-bromo-2,3,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[1,2-b:4,5-b.]difuran-4-yl)-2-aminoethane (2C-B-FLY-NBOMe); 1-(4-Bromofuro[2,3-f][1]benzofuran-8-yl)propan-2-amine (bromo-benzodifuranyl-isopropylamine or bromo-dragonFLY); N-(2-Hydroxybenzyl)-4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2C-I-NBOH or 25I-NBOH); 5-(2-Aminoprpyl)benzofuran (5-APB); 6-(2-Aminopropyl)benzofuran (6-APB); 5-(2-Aminopropyl)-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran (5-APDB); 6-(2-Aminopropyl)-2,3,-dihydrobenzofuran (6-APDB);
             (58)      Substituted tryptamines. Any compound, unless specifically exempt, listed as a controlled substance in another schedule or an approved FDA drug, structurally derived from 2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethanamine (i.e, tryptamine) by mono- or di-substitution of the amine nitrogen with alkyl or alkenyl groups or by inclusion of the amino nitrogen atom in a cyclic structure whether or not the compound is further substituted at the alpha-position with an alkyl group or whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent with any alkyl, alkoxy, halo, hydroxyl, or acetoxy groups.
                  Some trade and other names: 5-methoxy-N,N-diallyltryptamine (5-MeO-DALT); 4-acetoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (4-AcO-DMT or O-Acetylpsilocin); 4-hydroxy-N-methyl-N-ethyltryptamine (4-HO-MET); 4-hydroxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (4-HO-DIPT); 5-methoxy-N-methyl-N-isopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-MiPT);
             (59)      Naphthalen-1-yl-(4-pentyloxynaphthalen-1-yl)methanone (CB-13);
             (60)      N-Adamantyl-1-pentyl-1H-Indazole-3-carboxamide (AKB 48);
             (61)      1-(4-Fluorophenyl)piperazine (pFPP);
             (62)      1-(3-Chlorophenyl)piperazine (mCPP);
             (63)      1-(4-Methoxyphenyl)piperazine (pMeOPP);
             (64)      1,4-Dibenzylpiperazine (DBP);
             (65)      Isopentedrone;
             (66)      Fluoromethamphetamine;
             (67)      Fluoroamphetamine;
             (68)      Fluorococaine;
             (69)      1-pentyl-8-quinolinyl ester-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid (PB-22);
             (70)      1-(5-fluoropentyl)-8-quinolinyl ester-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid (5 Fluoro-PB-22);
             (71)      N-(1-amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-PINACA);
             (72)      N-(1-amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (5 Fluoro-AB-PINACA);
             (73)      N-(1-amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (AB-FUBINACA);
             (74)      N-(1-amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-pentyl-1H-indole-3-carboxamide (ADB-PINACA (ADBICA));
             (75)      N-(1-amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide (5 Fluoro-ADB-PINACA (5 Fluoro-ADBICA));
             (76)      N-(1-Amino-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (ADB-FUBINACA).

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8(a)(1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-57; SL 1973, ch 259; SL 1976, ch 158, §§ 42-12, 42-13; SL 1977, ch 315, § 3; SL 1979, ch 238, § 1; SL 1987, ch 255, § 2; SL 1988, ch 282, § 2; SL 1989, ch 293, § 2; SL 1990, ch 270, § 1; SL 1993, ch 247, § 1; SL 1994, ch 278, § 2; SL 2003, ch 183, § 2; SL 2004, ch 230, § 1; SL 2011, ch 160, § 1, eff. Feb. 24, 2011; SL 2012, ch 183, § 1, eff. Feb. 23, 2012; SL 2013, ch 156, § 4, eff. Mar. 6, 2013; SL 2014, ch 165, § 1, eff. Feb. 10, 2014.


34-20B-15 Criteria for inclusion of substances in Schedule II.
     34-20B-15.   Criteria for inclusion of substances in Schedule II. To be included within Schedule II, a substance shall have:
             (1)      A high potential for abuse,
             (2)      Currently accepted medical use in the United States, or currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions, and
             (3)      Abuse which may lead to severe psychic or physical dependence.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (b); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-58; SL 1976, ch 158, § 42-14.


34-20B-16 Substances specifically included in Schedule II.
     34-20B-16.   Substances specifically included in Schedule II. Any of the following substances including their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is included in Schedule II except those narcotic drugs listed in other schedules whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis:
             (1)      Opium, coca leaves, and opiate;
             (2)      Any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of opium, coca leaves, or opiate, excluding apomorphine, dextrorphan, and naloxone;
             (3)      Any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation thereof which is chemically equivalent or identical with any of the substances referred to in subdivisions (1) and (2), except that these substances may not include decocainized coca leaves or extraction of coca leaves, which extractions do not contain cocaine or ecgonine; and may not include the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium;
             (4)      Opium poppy and poppy straw;
             (5)      Amphetamine;
             (6)      Methamphetamine;
             (7)      Amobarbital;
             (8)      Pentobarbital;
             (9)      Secobarbital;
             (10)      Methylphenidate;
             (11)      Phenmetrazine;
             (12)      Etorphine;
             (13)      Diprenorphine;
             (14)      Deleted by SL 2000, ch 170, § 1;
             (15)      Nabilone;
             (16)      Glutethimide;
             (17)      Phencyclidine immediate precursors:
             (a)      1-phenylcyclohexylamine;
             (b)      1-piperidinocyclohexanecarbonitrile (PCC);
             (18)      Lisdexamfetamine, its salts, isomers, and salts of its isomers;
             (19)      Tapentadol; and
             (20)      Ioflupane.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (b) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-59; SL 1977, ch 315, § 4; SL 1978, ch 249, § 1; SL 1981, ch 13, § 9; SL 1981, ch 261, § 1; SL 1985, ch 278, § 51; SL 1986, ch 284; SL 1987, ch 255, § 3; SL 1992, ch 245, § 1; SL 1993, ch 247, § 2; SL 2000, ch 170, § 1; SL 2008, ch 170, § 1, eff. Feb. 13, 2008; SL 2010, ch 174, § 2, eff. Feb. 24, 2010; SL 2012, ch 183, § 2, eff. Feb. 23, 2012.


34-20B-17 Opiates specifically included in Schedule II.
     34-20B-17.   Opiates specifically included in Schedule II. Any of the following opiates, including their isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters and ethers, is included in Schedule II, unless specifically excepted, whenever the existence of such isomers, esters, ethers, and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation:
             (1)      Alphaprodine;
             (2)      Anileridine;
             (3)      Bezitramide;
             (4)      Diphenoxylate;
             (5)      Fentanyl;
             (6)      Isomethadone;
             (7)      Levomethorphan;
             (8)      Levorphanol;
             (9)      Metazocine;
             (10)      Methadone;
             (11)      Methadone-intermediate, 4-cyano-2-dimethylamine-1, 4-diphenyl butane;
             (12)      Moramide-intermediate, 2-methyl-3-morpholino-1, 1-diphenylpropane-carboxylic acid;
             (13)      Pethidine;
             (14)      Pethidine-intermediate, A, 4-cyano-1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine;
             (15)      Pethidine-intermediate, B, ethyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylate;
             (16)      Pethidine-intermediate, C, 1-methyl-4-phenylpiperidine-4-carboxylic acid;
             (17)      Phenazocine;
             (18)      Piminodine;
             (19)      Racemethorphan;
             (20)      Racemorphan;
             (21)      Sufentanil;
             (22)      Alfentanil;
             (23)      Carfentanil;
             (24)      Levo-alphacetylmethadol, also known as levo-alpha-acetylmethadyl acetate or LAAM;
             (25)      Remifentanil;
             (26)      Oxymorphone;
             (27)      Oripavine (3-O-demethylthebaine or 6,7,8,14-tetradehydro-4,5-alpha-epoxy-6-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-3-ol);
             (28)      4-anilino-N-phenethyl-4-piperidine (ANPP).

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (b) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-60; SL 1985, ch 278, § 52; SL 1987, ch 255, § 4; SL 1989, ch 293, § 3; SL 1994, ch 278, § 3; SL 2002, ch 167, § 1; SL 2007, ch 194, § 1, eff. Feb. 1, 2007; SL 2008, ch 170, § 2, eff. Feb. 13, 2008; SL 2011, ch 160, § 2, eff. Feb. 24, 2011.


34-20B-18 Criteria for inclusion of substances in Schedule III.
     34-20B-18.   Criteria for inclusion of substances in Schedule III. To be included within Schedule III, a substance shall have:
             (1)      A potential for abuse less than the substances listed in Schedules I and II;
             (2)      Well documented and approved medical use in the United States; and
             (3)      Abuse which may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (c); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-61; SL 1976, ch 158, § 42-15.


34-20B-19 Stimulants specifically included in Schedule III.
     34-20B-19.   Stimulants specifically included in Schedule III. Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation is included in Schedule III which contains any quantity of the following substances having a potential for abuse associated with a stimulant effect on the central nervous system:
             (1)      Benzphetamine;
             (2)      Chlorphentermine;
             (3)      Phendimetrazine;
             (4)      Ephedrine.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (c); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-62; SL 1977, ch 315, § 5; SL 1993, ch 247, § 3; SL 1995, ch 195, § 1; SL 1997, ch 202, § 1.


34-20B-19.1 Ephedrine defined.
     34-20B-19.1.   Ephedrine defined. For the purposes of § 34-20B-19, the term, ephedrine includes ephedra, herbs and herbal products that contain ephedrine alkaloids, including ma huang, Chinese ephedra, ephedra sinica, ephedra herb powder, epitonin, or any extract of those substances, but the term does not include any drug that contains ephedrine and is lawfully sold, transferred, or furnished over the counter with or without a prescription pursuant to § 34-20B-21.

Source: SL 2004, ch 231, § 1.


34-20B-20 Depressants specifically included in Schedule III.
     34-20B-20.   Depressants specifically included in Schedule III. Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation is included in Schedule III which contains any quantity of the following substances having a potential for abuse associated with a depressant effect on the central nervous system:
             (1)      Any substance which contains any quantity of a derivative of barbituric acid, or any salt of a derivative of barbituric acid, except those substances which are specifically listed in other schedules;
             (2)      Chloral betaine;
             (3)      Chloral hydrate;
             (4)      Chlorhexadol;
             (5)      Lysergic acid;
             (6)      Lysergic acid amide;
             (7)      Methyprylon;
             (8)      Sulfondiethylmethane;
             (9)      Sulfonethylmethane;
             (10)      Sulfonmethane;
             (11)      Amobarbital, pentobarbital, and secobarbital in suppository dosage form;
             (12)      Gamma hydroxy butyrate;
             (13)      Dronabinol;
             (14)      Buprenorphine;
             (15)      Embutramide;
             (16)      Perampanel [2-(2-oxo-1-phenyl-5-pyridin-2-yl-1,2-dihydropyridin-3-yl) benzonitrile], including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (c) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-63; SL 1973, ch 260; SL 1979, ch 238, § 2; SL 1980, ch 240, § 1; SL 1992, ch 245, § 2; SL 1993, ch 247, § 4; SL 1999, ch 174, § 1; SL 2000, ch 170, § 2; SL 2003, ch 183, § 3; SL 2007, ch 194, § 2, eff. Feb. 1, 2007; SL 2014, ch 165, § 2, eff. Feb. 10, 2014.


34-20B-20.1 Gamma hydroxyl butyrate defined.
     34-20B-20.1.   Gamma hydroxyl butyrate defined. For the purposes of § 34-20B-20, the term, gamma hydroxyl butyrate, includes gamma-butyrolactone, 1,4-butanediol or any other substances which convert to gamma hydroxyl butyrate upon ingestion. However, the term does not include any product which is lawfully used for mechanical, industrial, manufacturing, or scientific purposes.

Source: SL 2006, ch 180, § 1.


34-20B-21 Exception from Schedule III of stimulants and depressants used in medicinal preparations.
     34-20B-21.   Exception from Schedule III of stimulants and depressants used in medicinal preparations. The department may by rules promulgated pursuant to chapter 1-26 except any compound, mixture, or preparation containing any stimulant, depressant substance, or anabolic steroid listed in §§ 34-20B-19, 34-20B-20, and 34-20B-22 if the compound, mixture, or preparation contains one or more active medicinal ingredients not having a stimulant, depressant, or anabolic steroid effect. Such admixtures shall be included therein in such combinations, quantity, proportion, or concentration as to vitiate the potential for abuse of the substances which do have a stimulant, depressant, or anabolic steroid effect.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (c); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-64; SL 1993, ch 247, § 5; SL 1997, ch 202, § 2.


34-20B-22 Specific substances included in Schedule III.
     34-20B-22.   Specific substances included in Schedule III. The following are included in Schedule III:
             (1)      Nalorphine;
             (2)      Preparations which contain both Tiletamine and Zolazepam;
             (3)      Anabolic steroids as listed in § 34-20B-4.1;
             (4)      Ketamine.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (c); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-65; SL 1971, ch 224, §§ 1, 2; SL 1988, ch 282, § 3; SL 1992, ch 245, § 5; SL 1993, ch 247, § 6; SL 2000, ch 170, § 3.


34-20B-23 Narcotics specifically included in Schedule III.
     34-20B-23.   Narcotics specifically included in Schedule III. Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing limited quantities of any of the following narcotic drugs or any salts thereof is included in Schedule III:
             (1)      Not more than 1.80 grams of codeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with an equal or greater quantity of isoquinoline alkaloid of opium.
             (2)      Not more than 1.80 grams of codeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, non-narcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
             (3)      Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with a fourfold or greater quantity of isoquinoline alkaloid of opium.
             (4)      Not more than 300 milligrams of dihydrocodeinone per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, non-narcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
             (5)      Not more than 1.80 grams of dihydrocodeine per 100 milliliters or not more than 90 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, non-narcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
             (6)      Not more than 300 milligrams of ethylmorphine per 100 milliliters or not more than 15 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, non-narcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
             (7)      Not more than 500 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams, or not more than 25 milligrams per dosage unit, with one or more active, non-narcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.
             (8)      Not more than 50 milligrams of morphine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams with one or more active, non-narcotic ingredients in recognized therapeutic amounts.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (c); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-66.


34-20B-24 Criteria for inclusion of substances in Schedule IV.
     34-20B-24.   Criteria for inclusion of substances in Schedule IV. To be included within Schedule IV, a substance shall have:
             (1)      A low potential for abuse relative to the substances listed in Schedule III;
             (2)      Currently accepted medical use in the United States; and
             (3)      Limited physical dependence or psychological dependence liability or potential, or both, relative to the substances listed in Schedule III.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (d); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-67; SL 1976, ch 158, § 42-16.


34-20B-25 Substances specifically included in Schedule IV.
     34-20B-25.   Substances specifically included in Schedule IV. The following are included in Schedule IV:
             (1)      Chlordiazepoxide, but not including librax (chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride and clindinium bromide) or menrium (chlordiazepoxide and water soluble esterified estrogens);
             (2)      Clonazepam;
             (3)      Clorazepate;
             (4)      Diazepam;
             (4A)      Flunitrazepam;
             (5)      Flurazepam;
             (6)      Mebutamate;
             (7)      Oxazepam;
             (8)      Prazepam;
             (9)      Lorazepam;
             (10)      Triazolam;
             (11)      Any substance which contains any quantity of a benzodiazepine, or salt of benzodiazepine, except those substances which are specifically listed in other schedules;
             (12)      Repealed by SL 2003, ch 183, § 4;
             (13)      Cathine;
             (14)      Fencamfamine;
             (15)      Fenproporex;
             (16)      Mefenorex;
             (17)      Pyrovalerone;
             (18)      Propoxyphene;
             (19)      Pentazocine;
             (20)      Diethylpropion;
             (21)      Ethchlorvynol;
             (22)      Ethinamate;
             (23)      Fenfluramine;
             (24)      Mazindol;
             (25)      Mephobarbital;
             (26)      Methohexitol;
             (27)      Paraldehyde;
             (28)      Pemoline;
             (29)      Petrichloral;
             (30)      Phentermine;
             (31)      Barbital;
             (32)      Phenobarbital;
             (33)      Meprobamate;
             (34)      Zolpidem;
             (35)      Butorphanol;
             (36)      Modafinil, including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers;
             (37)      Sibutramine;
             (38)      Zaleplon;
             (39)      Dichloralphenazone;
             (40)      Zopiclone (also known as eszopiclone), including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers;
             (41)      Pregabalin;
             (42)      Lacosamide;
             (43)      Fospropofol, including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers;
             (44)      Clobazam;
             (45)      Carisoprodol, including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers;
             (46)      Ezogabine,[N-[2-amino-4-(4-fluorobenzylamino)-phenyl]-carbamic acid ethyl ester], including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers; and
             (47)      Lorcaserin, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances, including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers, whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible.

Source: SL 1977, ch 315, § 6; SL 1978, ch 249, §§ 2, 3; SL 1980, ch 240, § 2; SL 1981, ch 261, § 3; SL 1985, ch 278, § 53; SL 1987, ch 255; SL 1989, ch 293, § 4; SL 1990, ch 270, § 2; SL 1992, ch 245, § 3; SL 1993, ch 247, § 7; SL 1994, ch 278, § 4; SL 1995, ch 191, § 2; SL 1999, ch 174, § 2; SL 2000, ch 170, § 4; SL 2002, ch 167, § 2; SL 2003, ch 183, § 4; SL 2006, ch 179, § 2, eff. Feb. 9, 2006; SL 2010, ch 174, § 3, eff. Feb. 24, 2010; SL 2012, ch 183, § 3, eff. Feb. 23, 2012; SL 2013, ch 156, § 5, eff. Mar. 6, 2013.


34-20B-26 Narcotic compounds specifically included in Schedule IV.
     34-20B-26.   Narcotic compounds specifically included in Schedule IV. Any compound, mixture, or preparation containing limited quantities of any of the following narcotic drugs is included in Schedule IV which shall include one or more non-narcotic active medicinal ingredients in sufficient proportion to confer upon the compound, mixture, or preparation, valuable medicinal qualities other than those possessed by the narcotic drug alone:
             (1)      Not more than 200 milligrams of codeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.
             (2)      Not more than 100 milligrams of dihydrocodeine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.
             (3)      Not more than 50 milligrams of ethylmorphine per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams.
             (4)      Not more than 2.5 milligrams of diphenoxylate and not less than 25 micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit.
             (5)      Not more than 100 milligrams of opium per 100 milliliters or per 100 grams, or not more than 5 milligrams per dosage unit.
             (6)      Not more than 0.5 milligrams of difenoxin and not less than twenty-five micrograms of atropine sulfate per dosage unit.
             (7)      Repealed by SL 1990, ch 270, § 3.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 8 (d) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-68; SL 1980, ch 240, § 3; SL 1981, ch 261, § 2; SL 1990, ch 270, § 3.


34-20B-27 Recommendations for addition, deletion, or rescheduling of scheduled substances.
     34-20B-27.   Recommendations for addition, deletion, or rescheduling of scheduled substances. The department shall make recommendations to the Legislature that a substance be added, deleted, or rescheduled when the department determines that such substance has a different potential for abuse.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 7 (a); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-69; 9SL 1976, ch 158, § 42-17.


34-20B-28 Substances not subject to control as precursors of precursors.
     34-20B-28.   Substances not subject to control as precursors of precursors. If the department designates a substance as an "immediate precursor," substances which are precursors of such designated immediate precursors shall not be subject to control solely because they are precursors of the controlled precursor.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 7 (c); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-71.


34-20B-28.1 Definition of terms applicable to code imprinted drugs.
     34-20B-28.1.   Definition of terms applicable to code imprinted drugs. Terms used in §§ 34-20B-28.2 to 34-20B-28.6, inclusive, unless the context plainly otherwise requires, mean:
             (1)      "Code imprint," a series of letters or numbers assigned by the manufacturer or distributor to a specific drug, or marks or monograms unique to the manufacturer or distributor of the drug, or both;
             (2)      "Distributor," a person who distributes for resale a drug in solid dosage form under his own label even though he is not the actual manufacturer of the drug;
             (3)      "Legend drug," any drug defined by section 503(b) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, as amended on January 15, 1980, and under which definition its label is required to bear the statement "Caution: Federal law prohibits dispensing without prescription";
             (4)      "Solid dosage form," capsules or tablets intended for oral use.

Source: SL 1980, ch 241, § 1.


34-20B-28.2 Code imprint required.
     34-20B-28.2.   Code imprint required. No legend drug in solid dosage form may be manufactured or distributed in this state unless it is clearly marked or imprinted with a code imprint identifying the drug and the manufacturer or distributor of the drug.

Source: SL 1980, ch 241, § 2.


34-20B-28.3 Manufacturers' and distributors' identifying listings.
     34-20B-28.3.   Manufacturers' and distributors' identifying listings. All manufacturers and distributors of legend drugs in solid dosage form shall provide upon request to the Board of Pharmacy a listing of all such legend drugs identifying by code imprint the manufacturer and the specific type of drug. Such listing shall at all times be kept current by all manufacturers and distributors subject to §§ 34-20B-28.1 to 34-20B-28.6, inclusive.

Source: SL 1980, ch 241, § 3.


34-20B-28.4 Exemptions--Granting on appropriate showing--Inclusion in listings.
     34-20B-28.4.   Exemptions--Granting on appropriate showing--Inclusion in listings. The Board of Pharmacy may grant exemptions from the requirements of §§ 34-20B-28.1 to 34-20B-28.6, inclusive, upon application by any drug manufacturer or distributor showing size, physical characteristics, or other unique characteristics which render the application of a code imprint to a legend drug subject to §§ 34-20B-28.1 to 34-20B-28.6, inclusive, impractical or impossible. Any such exemption granted by the board shall be included by the manufacturer or distributor in the listing required by § 34-20B-28.3, describing the physical characteristics and type of drug to which the exemption relates.

Source: SL 1980, ch 241, § 4.


34-20B-28.5 Contraband--Seizure and forfeiture.
     34-20B-28.5.   Contraband--Seizure and forfeiture. All legend drugs in solid dosage form that are possessed, distributed, sold, or offered for sale in violation of the provisions of §§ 34-20B-28.1 to 34-20B-28.6, inclusive, shall be deemed contraband and shall be seized by the Board of Pharmacy and summarily forfeited to the state.

Source: SL 1980, ch 241, § 5.


34-20B-28.6 Dispensing or sale without code imprint--Misdemeanor.
     34-20B-28.6.   Dispensing or sale without code imprint--Misdemeanor. It is a Class 2 misdemeanor for a person to dispense, sell or otherwise provide to any other person any legend drug in solid dosage form that fails to comply with §§ 34-20B-28.1 to 34-20B-28.5, inclusive.

Source: SL 1980, ch 241, § 6.


34-20B-29 Registration of prescribers, manufacturers, distributors, and dispensers of controlled dru...
     34-20B-29.   Registration of prescribers, manufacturers, distributors, and dispensers of controlled drug or substance. Any person who prescribes, manufactures, distributes, or dispenses any controlled drug or substance within this state or who proposes to engage in the prescribing, manufacture, distribution, or dispensing of any controlled drug or substance within this state, shall obtain a registration issued by the department according to the rules promulgated under this chapter.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 9 (a); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-72; SL 1995, ch 191, § 3; SL 2004, ch 229, § 2.


34-20B-30 Exemptions from annual registration requirements.
     34-20B-30.   Exemptions from annual registration requirements. The following persons shall not be required to register under the provisions of § 34-20B-29:
             (1)      An agent, or an employee thereof, of any manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser of any controlled drug or substance if such agent is acting in the usual course of his business or employment;
             (2)      A common or contract carrier or warehouseman, or an employee thereof, whose possession of any controlled drug or substance is in the usual course of his business or employment;
             (3)      A person in possession of any controlled drug or substance pursuant to a lawful order of a practitioner.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 9 (b); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-73.


34-20B-31
     34-20B-31.   Repealed by SL 2004, ch 232, § 2.


34-20B-32 Waiver of registration requirement by regulation.
     34-20B-32.   Waiver of registration requirement by regulation. The department may, by regulation, waive the requirement for registration of certain manufacturers, distributors, or dispensers if the department finds it consistent with the public health and safety.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 9 (c); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-75.


34-20B-33 Registration of previously registered or licensed establishments.
     34-20B-33.   Registration of previously registered or licensed establishments. The department shall permit persons to register who own or operate any establishment engaged in the manufacture, distribution, or dispensing of any controlled drugs and substances prior to July 1, 1972, and who are registered or licensed by the state.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 9 (i); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-76.


34-20B-34 Separate registration required for each place of business or practice.
     34-20B-34.   Separate registration required for each place of business or practice. A separate registration shall be required at each principal place of business or professional practice where the applicant manufactures, distributes, or dispenses controlled drugs and substances.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 9 (d); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-77.


34-20B-35 Criteria for registration of manufacturers and distributors.
     34-20B-35.   Criteria for registration of manufacturers and distributors. The department shall register an applicant to manufacture and distribute controlled drugs and substances included in Schedules I through IV of §§ 34-20B-11 to 34-20B-26, inclusive, unless it is determined that the issuance of such registration is inconsistent with the public interest. In determining the public interest, the following factors shall be considered:
             (1)      Maintenance of effective controls against diversion of particular controlled drugs and substances and any Schedule I or II substance compounded therefrom into other than legitimate medical, scientific, or industrial channels;
             (2)      Compliance with the applicable state and local law;
             (3)      Prior conviction record of applicant under federal and state laws relating to the manufacture, distribution, or dispensing of such substances;
             (4)      Past experience in the manufacture of controlled drugs and substances, and the existence in the establishment of effective controls against diversion; and
             (5)      Such other factors as may be relevant to and consistent with the public health and safety.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 9 (f); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-78.


34-20B-36 Authorized Schedule I and II substances to be specified in manufacturer's or distributor's...
     34-20B-36.   Authorized Schedule I and II substances to be specified in manufacturer's or distributor's registration. Registration granted under § 34-20B-29 shall not entitle a registrant to manufacture and distribute controlled drugs and substances in Schedules I and II other than those specified in the registration.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 9 (g); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-79.


34-20B-37 Practitioners registered to dispense Schedule II, III, and IV substances.
     34-20B-37.   Practitioners registered to dispense Schedule II, III, and IV substances. Practitioners shall be registered to dispense substances in Schedules II through IV if they are authorized to dispense under the law of this state.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 9 (h); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-80.


34-20B-38
     34-20B-38.   Repealed by SL 1989, ch 293, § 5.


34-20B-39 Inventories and records of controlled substances required of registrants.
     34-20B-39.   Inventories and records of controlled substances required of registrants. Each registrant manufacturing, distributing, or dispensing controlled drugs and substances in Schedules I, II, III, or IV shall maintain complete and accurate records of all stocks of such drugs and substances on hand. Records and inventories shall contain such information as shall be provided by rules and regulations promulgated by the department. All records required under this section shall be kept for a period of at least two years. This section shall not apply to practitioners who lawfully prescribe or administer, but not otherwise dispense, controlled drugs and substances listed in Schedules II, III, or IV of this chapter.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 9 (j); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-82.


34-20B-40 Inspection of registrant's premises authorized.
     34-20B-40.   Inspection of registrant's premises authorized. The department is authorized to inspect the establishment of a registrant or applicant for registration in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated under § 34-20B-41.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 9 (e); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-86.


34-20B-41 Promulgation of rules by department--Fees.
     34-20B-41.   Promulgation of rules by department--Fees. The department may promulgate rules pursuant to chapter 1-26 relating to exclusions from uniform drug articles pursuant to subdivision 34-20B-2(1); the definition of precursors; exceptions from Schedule III of stimulants, depressants, and anabolic steroid-estrogen combinations in medicinal preparations; the registration of manufacturers, distributors, and dispensers; waivers of registration; the suspending, revoking, surrendering, transferring, and reinstating of registration; inventories and records of controlled substances establishing minimum standards for prescribing and dispensing practices, labeling and security requirements and the issuance of prescriptions as provided by this chapter and chapter 22-42; and the inspection of registered premises. The department may charge reasonable fees relating to the registration and control of the manufacture, distribution, and dispensing of controlled drugs and substances within this state. No fee may exceed one hundred fifty dollars.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, §§ 9, 14; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-87; SL 1980, ch 238, § 2; SL 1993, ch 247, § 8; SL 2004, ch 232, § 1; SL 2009, ch 164, § 4.


34-20B-42 Unauthorized manufacture or distribution by registrant prohibited--Civil fine--Knowing vio...
     34-20B-42.   Unauthorized manufacture or distribution by registrant prohibited--Civil fine--Knowing violation as felony. No person who is a registrant shall manufacture, distribute, or dispense a controlled drug or substance not authorized by his registration to another registrant or other authorized person. A violation of this section may be punished by a civil fine of not more than ten thousand dollars. In addition, if the violation was done knowingly, it is a Class 5 felony.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 10 (d) (2); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-98; SL 1977, ch 190, § 397.


34-20B-42.1
     34-20B-42.1, 34-20B-42.2.   Repealed by SL 1992, ch 245, §§ 7, 8.


34-20B-43 Omission or removal of required symbol prohibited--Civil fine--Knowing violation as misdem...
     34-20B-43.   Omission or removal of required symbol prohibited--Civil fine--Knowing violation as misdemeanor. No person shall omit, remove, alter, or obliterate a symbol required by this chapter. A violation of this section may be punished by a civil fine of not more than ten thousand dollars. In addition, if the violation was done knowingly, it is a Class 1 misdemeanor.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 10 (d) (3); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-99; SL 1976, ch 158, § 42-18; SL 1977, ch 190, § 398.


34-20B-44 Failure to keep or furnish required record or report prohibited--Civil fine--Knowing viola...
     34-20B-44.   Failure to keep or furnish required record or report prohibited--Civil fine--Knowing violation as felony. No person shall refuse or fail to make, keep, or furnish any record, report, notification, order form, statement, invoice, or information required under this chapter. A violation of this section may be punished by a civil fine of not more than ten thousand dollars. In addition, if the violation was done knowingly, it is a Class 6 felony.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 10 (d) (4); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-100; SL 1977, ch 190, § 399.


34-20B-45 Civil fine for violation by manufacturer or distributor--Knowing violation as felony.
     34-20B-45.   Civil fine for violation by manufacturer or distributor--Knowing violation as felony. Any person who violates any of §§ 34-20B-42 to 34-20B-44, inclusive, is punishable by a civil fine of not more than ten thousand dollars. In addition, if the violation is prosecuted by an information or indictment which alleges that the violation was committed knowingly and the trier of fact specifically finds that the violation was committed knowingly such person is guilty of a Class 5 felony.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 10 (d) (7); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-103; SL 1977, ch 189, § 119.


34-20B-46 Intentional distribution of Schedule I or II substance without order form as felony.
     34-20B-46.   Intentional distribution of Schedule I or II substance without order form as felony. It is a Class 5 felony for any person who is a registrant knowingly to distribute a controlled drug or substance classified in Schedules I or II, in the course of his legitimate business, except pursuant to an order form as required by this chapter.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 10 (e) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-104; SL 1977, ch 189, § 120; SL 1977, ch 190, § 403.


34-20B-47 Intentional use of unauthorized registration number as felony.
     34-20B-47.   Intentional use of unauthorized registration number as felony. It is a Class 5 felony for any person knowingly to use in the course of the manufacture or distribution of a controlled drug or substance a registration number which is fictitious, revoked, suspended, or issued to another person.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 10 (e) (2); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-105; SL 1977, ch 189, § 121; SL 1977, ch 190, § 404.


34-20B-48 Intentional falsification or omission of material information as felony.
     34-20B-48.   Intentional falsification or omission of material information as felony. It is a Class 5 felony for any person knowingly to furnish false or fraudulent material information in, or omit any material information from, any application, report, or other document required to be kept or filed under this chapter, or any record required to be kept by this chapter.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 10 (e) (4); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-107; SL 1977, ch 189, § 122; SL 1977, ch 190, § 406.


34-20B-49 Criminal penalties in addition to civil and administrative penalties.
     34-20B-49.   Criminal penalties in addition to civil and administrative penalties. Any penalty imposed for violation of §§ 34-20B-42 to 34-20B-48, inclusive, shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, any civil or administrative penalty or sanction authorized by law.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 10 (g); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-112; SL 1977, ch 189, § 123.


34-20B-50
     34-20B-50.   Repealed by SL 1997, ch 203, § 1.


34-20B-51 Survival of right of action.
     34-20B-51.   Survival of right of action. In case of the death of either party, the right of action given in chapter 34-20C shall survive to or against such party's personal representative.

Source: SL 1977, ch 316; SL 1997, ch 203, § 15.


34-20B-52 Civil action for recovery from unlawful distributor--Limitation of actions.
     34-20B-52.   Civil action for recovery from unlawful distributor--Limitation of actions. All suits for damages under chapter 34-20C shall be by civil action in any court of this state having jurisdiction thereof, which shall be commenced within two years of the date on which the injury was incurred.

Source: SL 1977, ch 316; SL 1997, ch 203, § 21.


34-20B-53 Minor's recovery payable to parent or conservator.
     34-20B-53.   Minor's recovery payable to parent or conservator. All damages recovered by a minor under chapter 34-20C shall be paid to such minor or to the minor's parent or conservator as the court directs.

Source: SL 1977, ch 316; SL 1993, ch 213, § 228; SL 1997, ch 203, § 20.


34-20B-54 Cooperation by department with federal and state agencies.
     34-20B-54.   Cooperation by department with federal and state agencies. The Department of Health shall, in addition to other powers and duties vested in it by this chapter or any other act, cooperate with federal and other state agencies in discharging its responsibilities concerning traffic in drugs and substances.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (a); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-115.


34-20B-55 Centralized statistical unit--Availability of information.
     34-20B-55.   Centralized statistical unit--Availability of information. The Department of Health shall cooperate with the federal drug enforcement administration by establishing a centralized unit which shall accept, catalogue, file, and collect statistics, and make such information available for federal, state, and local law enforcement purposes.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (d); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-116; SL 1977, ch 190, § 412; SL 1989, ch 293, § 6.


34-20B-56 State agencies to cooperate with department.
     34-20B-56.   State agencies to cooperate with department. It shall be the duty of all departments, officers, agencies, and employees of the State of South Dakota to cooperate with the Department of Health in carrying out its functions under this chapter or any other act.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 4; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-117.


34-20B-57 Exchange of information between governmental officials.
     34-20B-57.   Exchange of information between governmental officials. The Department of Health shall, in addition to other powers and duties vested in it by this chapter or any other act, arrange for the exchange of information between governmental officials concerning the use and abuse of drugs and substances.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (b); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-118.


34-20B-58 County and municipal funds authorized.
     34-20B-58.   County and municipal funds authorized. The governing bodies of the several counties and municipalities in the state are hereby authorized to establish funds and make appropriations thereto for the purpose of enforcing the provisions of this chapter.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 13; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-119.


34-20B-59 Use of county and municipal funds to make illegal purchases.
     34-20B-59.   Use of county and municipal funds to make illegal purchases. Funds established pursuant to § 34-20B-58 may be expended confidentially for the purpose of making purchases and acquisitions of drugs and substances which are illegal under this chapter, when such purchases are necessary to obtaining convictions under this chapter.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 13 (a); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-120.


34-20B-60 Use of county and municipal funds to employ special agents.
     34-20B-60.   Use of county and municipal funds to employ special agents. Funds established pursuant to § 34-20B-58 may further be expended confidentially to employ special agents, pay their salaries and expenses, for the purpose of providing undercover assistance to local law enforcement officials in gathering evidence of violations of this chapter, making arrests thereunder, and obtaining convictions.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 13 (b); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-121.


34-20B-61 Law enforcement and cooperation by Division of Criminal Investigation and state's attorney...
     34-20B-61.   Law enforcement and cooperation by Division of Criminal Investigation and state's attorneys. It is hereby made the duty of the Division of Criminal Investigation, its officers, agents, inspectors, and representatives, and of all state's attorneys, to enforce all provisions of this chapter, except those specifically delegated, and to cooperate with all agencies charged with the enforcement of the laws of the United States, of this state, and of all other states, relating to controlled drugs and substances.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (a); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-122.


34-20B-62 Attorney general to enforce chapter.
     34-20B-62.   Attorney general to enforce chapter. The Office of the Attorney General shall retain authority for all prosecutions and other actions at law in the enforcement of this chapter.

Source: SL 1974, ch 261, § 8; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-122.1.


34-20B-63 Special powers of agents of Division of Criminal Investigation.
     34-20B-63.   Special powers of agents of Division of Criminal Investigation. Any officer or employee of the Division of Criminal Investigation designated by the attorney general may:
             (1)      Carry firearms;
             (2)      Execute and serve search warrants, arrest warrants, administrative inspection warrants, subpoenas, and summonses issued under the authority of this state;
             (3)      Make arrests without warrant for any offense under this chapter committed in his presence, or if he has probable cause to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing a felony;
             (4)      Make seizures of property pursuant to the provisions of this chapter; and
             (5)      Perform such other law enforcement duties as the chief agent may designate.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (b); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-123.


34-20B-64 Drug control fund created--Administration by attorney general--Expenditures--Excess funds....
     34-20B-64.   Drug control fund created--Administration by attorney general--Expenditures--Excess funds. There is hereby created in the state treasury a special revolving fund to be known as the "drug control fund," which shall be administered by the attorney general. The attorney general may authorize expenditure of moneys in the fund for purchase of controlled drugs and substances, as defined in this chapter, by authorized agents of the attorney general from unregistered dispensers and distributors. All disbursements from the fund shall be made on warrants drawn by the state auditor on vouchers approved by the attorney general. Any moneys in the fund in excess of two hundred fifty thousand dollars shall be available for distribution by the attorney general. Upon application by any local law enforcement agency, any drug law enforcement task force or the division of highway patrol, the attorney general may authorize release of any such available moneys in the fund for the purpose of assisting local law enforcement agencies in drug control and drug offender apprehension efforts.

Source: SL 1976, ch 5, §§ 1 to 3; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-123.1; SL 1990, ch 271.


34-20B-65
     34-20B-65, 34-20B-66.   Repealed by SL 1978, ch 178, § 577.


34-20B-67 Peace officers to cooperate with Division of Criminal Investigation.
     34-20B-67.   Peace officers to cooperate with Division of Criminal Investigation. It is hereby made the duty of all peace officers within the state to cooperate with the Division of Criminal Investigation, its officers, agents, inspectors, and representatives, and to carry out all lawful orders issued by the Division of Criminal Investigation, its officers, agents, inspectors, and representatives, relating to controlled drugs and substances.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (a) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-126.


34-20B-68 Trial court jurisdiction to enjoin violations.
     34-20B-68.   Trial court jurisdiction to enjoin violations. The trial courts of the state shall have jurisdiction in proceedings in accordance with the rules of these courts to enjoin violations of this chapter.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (d) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-127.


34-20B-69 Jury trial of violations of injunction.
     34-20B-69.   Jury trial of violations of injunction. In case of an alleged violation of an injunction or restraining order issued under § 34-20B-68, trial shall, upon demand of the accused, be by jury in accordance with the rules of the state courts.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (d) (2); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-128.


34-20B-70 Property subject to forfeiture.
     34-20B-70.   Property subject to forfeiture. The following are subject to forfeiture and no property right exists in them:
             (1)      All controlled drugs and substances and marijuana which have been manufactured, distributed, dispensed, or acquired in violation of the provisions of this chapter or chapter 22-42;
             (2)      All raw materials, products, and equipment of any kind which are used or intended for use, in manufacturing, compounding, processing, importing, or exporting any controlled drug or substance or marijuana in violation of the provisions of this chapter or chapter 22-42;
             (3)      All property which is used, or intended for use, as a container for property described in subdivisions (1) and (2);
             (4)      All conveyances including aircraft, vehicles, or vessels, which transport, possess, or conceal, or which are used, or intended for use, to transport, or in any manner facilitate the transportation, sale, receipt, possession, or concealment of marijuana in excess of one-half pound or any quantity of any other property described in subdivision (1) or (2), except as provided in §§ 34-20B-71 to 34-20B-73, inclusive. This subdivision includes those instances in which a conveyance transports, possesses or conceals marijuana or a controlled substance as described herein without the necessity of showing that the conveyance is specifically being used to transport, possess, or conceal or facilitate the transportation, possession, or concealment of marijuana or a controlled substance in aid of any other offense;
             (5)      All books, records, and research, including formulas, microfilm, tapes, and data which are used, or intended for use, in violation of this chapter;
             (6)      Any funds or other things of value used for the purposes of unlawfully purchasing, attempting to purchase, distributing, or attempting to distribute any controlled drug or substance or marijuana;
             (7)      Any assets, interest, profits, income, and proceeds acquired or derived from the unlawful purchase, attempted purchase, distribution, or attempted distribution of any controlled drug or substance or marijuana.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-129; SL 1976, ch 158, §§ 42-19, 42-20; SL 1977, ch 189, §§ 125, 126; SL 1977, ch 317, §§ 1 to 3; SL 1982, ch 262, § 2; SL 1983, ch 255; SL 1985, ch 279, § 1.


34-20B-70.1 Real property subject to forfeiture--Notice--Knowledge of owner.
     34-20B-70.1.   Real property subject to forfeiture--Notice--Knowledge of owner. All real property, including any right, title, and interest in the whole of any platted lot or tract of land which shall be measured in three hundred twenty acre increments, or all of any smaller amount and any appurtenances or improvements, which is used, or intended to be used, in any manner or part, to commit or to facilitate the commission of the manufacturing, compounding, processing, delivering, importing, cultivating, exporting, transporting, or exchanging of a controlled substance or ten or more pounds of marijuana, that has not been lawfully manufactured, distributed, dispensed, and acquired is subject to forfeiture under this section. Forfeiture under this chapter of real property encumbered by a bona fide security interest is subject to the interest of the secured party unless the secured party had actual knowledge of the act upon which the forfeiture is based. Notice of forfeiture proceedings shall be given each owner or secured party whose right, title, or interest is of record, at the time of the seizure, with the secretary of state or the register of deeds in the county where such real property is located. A person claiming a security interest bears the burden of establishing that interest by a preponderance of the evidence. No real property may be forfeited under the provisions of this chapter by reason of any act committed by a person other than an owner of the property unless that owner had actual knowledge that the real property was used or intended for use in any of the manners set forth in this chapter.

Source: SL 1989, ch 294, § 1.


34-20B-71 Common carrier property exempt from forfeiture--Exception.
     34-20B-71.   Common carrier property exempt from forfeiture--Exception. Notwithstanding subdivision 34-20B-70(4), no conveyance used by any person as a common carrier in the transaction of business as a common carrier shall be forfeited under the provisions of §§ 34-20B-74 to 34-20B-89, inclusive, unless it shall appear that the owner or other person in charge of such conveyance was a consenting party or privy to a violation of this chapter.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-130.


34-20B-72 Stolen or rented conveyances exempt from forfeiture.
     34-20B-72.   Stolen or rented conveyances exempt from forfeiture. Notwithstanding subdivision 34-20B-70(4), no conveyance shall be forfeited under the provisions of §§ 34-20B-74 to 34-20B-89, inclusive, by reason of any act or omission established by the owner thereof to have been committed or omitted by any person other than such owner while such conveyance was unlawfully in the possession of a person other than the owner in violation of the criminal laws of the United States, or of any state, or while such conveyance was rented or leased from an automobile dealer or a leasing or rental agency and said dealer or agency had no knowledge that such conveyance transported, possessed, or concealed marijuana in excess of one-half pound or any quantity of any other property described in subdivisions 34-20B-70(1) and (2) or was being used or intended for use, to transport or in any manner facilitate the transportation, sale, receipt, possession, or concealment of said marijuana or other property.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-131; SL 1974, ch 270; SL 1985, ch 279, § 5.


34-20B-73 Conveyance not forfeited by reason of nonowner's act absent owner's knowledge of unlawful ...
     34-20B-73.   Conveyance not forfeited by reason of nonowner's act absent owner's knowledge of unlawful use. Notwithstanding subdivision 34-20B-70(4), no conveyance shall be forfeited under the provisions of §§ 34-20B-74 to 34-20B-89, inclusive, by reason of any act committed by a person other than an owner of such conveyance unless the owner knew or in the exercise of ordinary care should have known that the transported, possessed, or concealed marijuana in excess of one-half pound or any quantity of any other property described in subdivisions 34-20B-70(1) and (2), was being used or was intended for use to transport, or in any manner to facilitate the transportation, sale, receipt, possession, or concealment of said marijuana or other property.

Source: SL 1976, ch 250; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-131.1; SL 1985, ch 279, § 6.


34-20B-74 Seizure upon process of property subject to forfeiture.
     34-20B-74.   Seizure upon process of property subject to forfeiture. Any property subject to forfeiture under this chapter may be seized by any peace officer or designated agent of the Division of Criminal Investigation upon process issued by any court having jurisdiction over the property.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (2); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-132.


34-20B-75 Seizure without process of property subject to forfeiture.
     34-20B-75.   Seizure without process of property subject to forfeiture. Seizure of property subject to forfeiture under this chapter may be made without process issued under § 34-20B-74 when:
             (1)      The seizure is incident to an arrest or a search under a search warrant, or an inspection under an administrative inspection warrant;
             (2)      The property subject to seizure has been the subject of a prior judgment in favor of the state in a criminal injunction or forfeiture proceeding under this chapter;
             (3)      The peace officer or agent has probable cause to believe that the property is directly or indirectly dangerous to health or safety; or
             (4)      The peace officer or agent has probable cause to believe that the property has been used or intended to be used in violation of this chapter.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (2); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-133.


34-20B-76 Prompt proceedings required when property seized without process.
     34-20B-76.   Prompt proceedings required when property seized without process. In the event of seizure pursuant to § 34-20B-74 or subdivisions 34-20B-75(1), (3), and (4), proceedings under § 34-20B-81, 34-20B-84, or 34-20B-85 shall be instituted within thirty days by the attorney general.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (2); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-134; SL 1977, ch 317, § 4.


34-20B-77 Seized property not subject to replevin.
     34-20B-77.   Seized property not subject to replevin. No property taken or detained under §§ 34-20B-70 to 34-20B-89, inclusive, or § 34-20B-70.1, may be repleviable or subject to an action in claim and delivery, but shall be deemed to be in the custody of the attorney general, through the chief agent, subject only to the orders and decrees of the court or the official having jurisdiction of the property.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (3); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-135; SL 1989, ch 294, § 3.


34-20B-78 Removal and custody of seized property.
     34-20B-78.   Removal and custody of seized property. Whenever property is seized under the provisions of this chapter, the chief agent may:
             (1)      Place the property under seal;
             (2)      Remove the property to a place designated by him; or
             (3)      Take custody of the property and remove it to an appropriate location for disposition in accordance with law.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (3); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-136.


34-20B-79 Forfeited property taken subject to security interest--Procedure--Exception when secured p...
     34-20B-79.   Forfeited property taken subject to security interest--Procedure--Exception when secured party had knowledge of unlawful use. Properties, as described in subdivisions 34-20B-70(4), (6), and (7) and § 34-20B-70.1, which are subject to a bona fide perfected security interest at the time of seizure of personal property or in the case of real property, at the time the offense was committed, and forfeited under the provisions of §§ 34-20B-74 to 34-20B-89, inclusive, or § 34-20B-70.1 shall be taken by the chief agent subject to the security interest. Any real property security interest perfected after the time the offense was committed and before seizure of the property commences may not be affected by this section, or § 34-20B-70.1, unless the chief agent proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the secured party had actual knowledge of the offense at the time the secured interest was perfected. Seizure of real property under § 34-20B-70.1 is commenced by filing a notice of lis pendens pursuant to chapter 15-10. The chief agent shall at his option within sixty days of the forfeiture of the properties:
             (1)      Return the properties to the possession of the secured party;
             (2)      Satisfy fully all indebtedness to the secured party secured by the properties;
             (3)      Return the properties to the possession of the secured party and require the secured party to sell within sixty days of receipt of the properties from the chief agent at public or private sale the properties and retain all proceeds necessary to satisfy fully all indebtedness of the secured party secured by the properties together with all reasonable costs of the sale and remit to the chief agent all excess proceeds within thirty days of the sale. If the property to be sold is real property, the secured party may have a reasonable period of time after receipt to effect sale; or
             (4)      In the case of real property, compensate any co-owner or joint owner whose interest has not been forfeited and whose interest was of record at the time the offense was committed, their proportionate share of that interest or transfer the forfeited interest to the remaining co-owner or joint owner.
     If the secured party knew or, except in the case of real property, should have known, that the properties were being used or intended for use to transport, sell or purchase any property described in subdivisions 34-20B-70(1) and (2) or in the violation of the provisions of § 34-20B-70.1, the provisions of this section do not apply to such properties.

Source: SL 1976, ch 250; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-136.1; SL 1982, ch 262, § 4; SL 1989, ch 294, § 2.


34-20B-80 Forfeiture proceeding as civil action--Standard of proof.
     34-20B-80.   Forfeiture proceeding as civil action--Standard of proof. Forfeiture proceedings shall be civil actions against the property seized and the standard of proof shall be preponderance of the evidence.

Source: SL 1977, ch 317, § 5.


34-20B-81 Unlawful substances deemed contraband--Summary forfeiture.
     34-20B-81.   Unlawful substances deemed contraband--Summary forfeiture. All property described in subdivision 34-20B-70(1) shall be deemed contraband and shall be summarily forfeited to the state. Controlled substances or marijuana which are seized or come into possession of the state, the owners of which are unknown, shall be deemed contraband and shall be summarily forfeited to the state.

Source: SL 1977, ch 317, § 6.


34-20B-82 Unauthorized Schedule I substances deemed contraband--Summary seizure and forfeiture.
     34-20B-82.   Unauthorized Schedule I substances deemed contraband--Summary seizure and forfeiture. All substances listed in Schedule I that are possessed, transferred, sold, or offered for sale in violation of the provisions of this chapter shall be deemed contraband and seized and summarily forfeited to the state. Similarly, all substances listed in Schedule I, which are seized or come into the possession of the state, the owners of which are unknown, shall be deemed contraband and summarily forfeited to the state.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (5); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-138.


34-20B-83 Seizure and summary forfeiture of plant precursors of Schedule I and II substances--Failur...
     34-20B-83.   Seizure and summary forfeiture of plant precursors of Schedule I and II substances--Failure to produce registration as authority. All species of plants from which controlled substances in Schedules I and II may be derived which have been planted or cultivated in violation of this chapter, or of which the owners or cultivators are unknown, or which are wild growths, may be seized and summarily forfeited to the state. The failure, upon demand by the chief agent or any peace officer at his direction, of the person in occupancy or in control of land or premises upon which such species of plants are growing or being stored, to produce an appropriate registration, or proof that he is the holder thereof, shall constitute authority for the seizure and forfeiture.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (6); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-139.


34-20B-84 Summons and complaint for forfeiture of property filed by attorney general--Contents of co...
     34-20B-84.   Summons and complaint for forfeiture of property filed by attorney general--Contents of complaint--Notice. When property described in subdivisions 34-20B-70(2), (3), (5), (6), and (7) is seized, the attorney general shall file a summons and complaint for forfeiture of such property in circuit court for the county in which such property was seized or is being held. The proceedings shall be brought in the name of the state. The complaint shall describe the property, state its location, state its present custodian, state the name of each owner if known, state the name of each party in interest if known or of legal record, allege the essential elements of the violation which is claimed to exist, and shall conclude with a prayer to enforce the forfeiture. Notice of forfeiture proceedings shall be given each known owner and known party in interest by serving a copy of the summons and complaint in accordance with § 34-20B-85. The procedure governing such proceedings, except as herein provided, shall be the same as that prescribed for civil proceedings by chapter 15-6.

Source: SL 1977, ch 317, § 7; SL 1982, ch 262, § 5; SL 1985, ch 279, § 2.


34-20B-85 Procedure for forfeiture--Contents of complaint--Notice to owners and lienholders of recor...
     34-20B-85.   Procedure for forfeiture--Contents of complaint--Notice to owners and lienholders of record. If property described in subdivision 34-20B-70(4) and § 34-20B-70.1 is seized, the attorney general shall file a summons and complaint for forfeiture of such property in circuit court of the county in which such property was seized or is being held. The proceedings shall be brought in the name of the state. The complaint shall describe the property, state its location, its present custodian, the name of each owner if known, and the name of each party in interest if known or of legal record, allege the essential elements of the violation which is claimed to exist, and shall conclude with a prayer to enforce the forfeiture. The procedure governing the proceedings, except as herein provided, shall be the same as that prescribed for civil proceedings by chapter 15-6. Notice of forfeiture proceedings shall be given each owner and party in interest whose right, title or interest is of record as provided in § 34-20B-70.1 or in the Department of Revenue or the Division of Aeronautics or a similar department of another state if the records are maintained in that state by serving a copy of the summons and complaint upon each known owner and known party in interest in accordance with Title 15.

Source: SL 1977, ch 317, § 8; SL 1985, ch 279, § 3; SL 1989, ch 294, § 4; SL 2003, ch 272 (Ex. Ord. 03-1), § 20; SL 2011, ch 1 (Ex. Ord. 11-1), § 161, eff. Apr. 12, 2011.


34-20B-86 Verified answer by claimant of property seized--Time for filing.
     34-20B-86.   Verified answer by claimant of property seized--Time for filing. Within thirty days after the service of the notice under § 34-20B-84 or 34-20B-85, the owner of the seized property and any other party in interest or claimant may file a verified answer in claim to the conveyance described in the complaint instituting the forfeiture proceedings.

Source: SL 1977, ch 317, § 9.


34-20B-87 Disposition of seized property if no answer filed.
     34-20B-87.   Disposition of seized property if no answer filed. If at the end of thirty days after the notice has been served there is no verified answer on file, and no claimant has appeared to defend said complaint, the court shall order the disposition of the seized property as prayed for in the complaint.

Source: SL 1977, ch 317, § 10; SL 1985, ch 279, § 7.


34-20B-88 Trial of contested forfeiture--Order releasing or forfeiting property.
     34-20B-88.   Trial of contested forfeiture--Order releasing or forfeiting property. If a verified answer is filed, the forfeiture proceedings shall be set for a trial on a day not more than sixty days from the date of the filing. Any party may demand a trial by jury for the forfeiture proceedings pursuant to subsection 15-6-38(b). At the trial, the state shall establish probable cause for instituting the forfeiture action following which any owner, party in interest, or claimant who has filed a verified answer has the burden of proving that the property seized is not subject to forfeiture under this chapter. If the court or a jury finds that the property is not subject to forfeiture under this chapter, the court shall order the property released to the owner, party in interest, or claimant according to such person's right, title, or interest. The court shall order the property forfeited if the court or a jury determines that such property was subject to forfeiture.

Source: SL 1977, ch 317, § 11; SL 1985, ch 279, § 4; SL 2008, ch 173, § 1.


34-20B-89 Disposition of forfeited property.
     34-20B-89.   Disposition of forfeited property. Whenever property is forfeited under this chapter, the chief agent may:
             (1)      Retain the property for official use;
             (2)      Sell any forfeited property which is not required to be destroyed by law and which is not harmful to the public, provided that the proceeds be disposed of for payment of all proper expenses of the proceedings for forfeiture and sale including expenses of seizure, maintenance of custody, advertising, and court costs. All moneys seized or remaining proceeds from the sale of any forfeited property shall be paid into the drug control fund; or
             (3)      Forward it to the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs for disposition. Such disposition may include delivery for medical or scientific use to any federal or state agency under regulations of the United States attorney general.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (e) (4); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-137; SL 1982, ch 262, § 3.


34-20B-90 Burden of proof as to registration or order form.
     34-20B-90.   Burden of proof as to registration or order form. In the absence of proof that a person is the duly authorized holder of an appropriate registration or order form issued under this chapter, he shall be presumed not to be the holder of such registration or form, and the burden of proof shall be upon him to rebut such presumption.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (f) (2); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-141.


34-20B-91 Enforcement officers exempt from liability.
     34-20B-91.   Enforcement officers exempt from liability. No liability shall be imposed by virtue of this chapter upon any duly authorized local, state, or federal officer engaged in the enforcement of this chapter, or who shall be engaged in the enforcement of any law or municipal ordinance relating to controlled drugs and substances.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (f) (3); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-142.


34-20B-92 Judicial review of department's decisions--Findings of fact conclusive.
     34-20B-92.   Judicial review of department's decisions--Findings of fact conclusive. All final determinations, findings, and conclusions of the department under this chapter shall be final and conclusive decisions of the matters involved, except that any person aggrieved by such decision may obtain review of the decision in the circuit court. Findings of fact by the department, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 11 (g); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-143.


34-20B-93 Research on misuse and abuse of controlled substances.
     34-20B-93.   Research on misuse and abuse of controlled substances. The Department of Health shall, in addition to other powers and duties vested in it by this chapter or any other act, encourage research on misuse and abuse of controlled drugs and substances.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (g); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-144.


34-20B-94 Areas of authorized research.
     34-20B-94.   Areas of authorized research. In connection with the research authorized by § 34-20B-93 and in furtherance of its other duties, the department of health is authorized to make studies and undertake programs of research to:
             (1)      Develop new or improved approaches, techniques, systems, equipment, and devices to strengthen the enforcement of this chapter or any other act,
             (2)      Determine patterns of misuse and abuse of controlled drugs and substances and the social effects thereof; and
             (3)      Improve methods of preventing, predicting, understanding, and dealing with the misuse and abuse of controlled drugs and substances.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (g) (2); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-145.


34-20B-95 Contracts with other agencies for research projects.
     34-20B-95.   Contracts with other agencies for research projects. In connection with the research authorized by § 34-20B-93 and in furtherance of its other duties, the Department of Health is authorized to enter into contracts with public agencies, institutions of higher education, and private organizations or individuals for the purpose of conducting research, demonstrations, or special projects which bear directly on misuse and abuse of controlled drugs and substances.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (g) (3); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-146.


34-20B-96 Performance bonds not required in educational and research contracts.
     34-20B-96.   Performance bonds not required in educational and research contracts. The Department of Health shall, in addition to other powers and duties vested in it by this chapter or any other act, enter into contracts for educational and research activities without performance bonds.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (h); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-147.


34-20B-97 Withholding of names by researchers--Privileged information.
     34-20B-97.   Withholding of names by researchers--Privileged information. The Department of Health shall, in addition to other powers and duties vested in it by this chapter or any other act, authorize persons engaged in research on the use and effects of drugs and substances to withhold names and other identifying characteristics of persons who are the subjects of such research. Such persons who obtain this authorization may not be compelled in any state civil, criminal, administrative, legislative, or other proceeding to identify the subjects of research for which such authorization was obtained.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (i); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-148.


34-20B-98 Possession and distribution of controlled substances authorized to researchers--Exemption ...
     34-20B-98.   Possession and distribution of controlled substances authorized to researchers--Exemption from prosecution. The Department of Health shall, in addition to other powers and duties vested in it by this chapter or any other act, authorize the possession and distribution of controlled drugs and substances by persons engaged in research. Such persons who obtain this authorization shall be exempt from state prosecution for possession and distribution of drugs and substances to the extent authorized by the department.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (j); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-149.


34-20B-99 Coordination and cooperation in law enforcement training programs.
     34-20B-99.   Coordination and cooperation in law enforcement training programs. The Department of Health shall, in addition to other powers and duties vested in it by this chapter or any other act, coordinate and cooperate in training programs on drugs and substances law enforcement at the local and state levels.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (c); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-150.


34-20B-100 Contracts with government agencies or private organizations.
     34-20B-100.   Contracts with government agencies or private organizations. The Department of Health is hereby authorized to contract with agencies of the federal, state, or local government or any private organization or foundation for the purposes of carrying out its functions under this chapter.

Source: SL 1974, ch 263; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-150.1.


34-20B-101 Federal funds--Disposition.
     34-20B-101.   Federal funds--Disposition. The departments of health and human services and the attorney general may accept and expend any federal funds for drug abuse prevention, intervention, care, treatment, rehabilitation, planning, education, law enforcement, or any other drug abuse activity, in accordance with legislative appropriations procedures. Any grant of money so received shall be deposited in the state treasury in a special fund to the credit of the Department of Health or human services or the attorney general and shall be used for the purpose for which it is given or granted.

Source: SL 1974, ch 263; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-150.2; SL 1989, ch 21, § 159.


34-20B-102 Coordination and regulation of educational programs--Measures authorized.
     34-20B-102.   Coordination and regulation of educational programs--Measures authorized. The Department of Health shall, in addition to other powers and duties vested in it by this chapter or any other act, coordinate and regulate educational programs designed to prevent and deter misuse and abuse of controlled drugs and substances and marijuana. In connection with such programs the department is authorized to:
             (1)      Promote better recognition of the problems of misuse and abuse of controlled drugs and substances and marijuana within the regulated industry and among interested groups and organizations;
             (2)      Assist the regulated industry and interested groups and organizations in contributing to the reduction of misuse and abuse of controlled drugs and substances and marijuana;
             (3)      Consult with interested groups and organizations to aid them in solving administrative and organizational problems;
             (4)      Evaluate procedures, projects, techniques, and controls conducted or proposed as part of educational programs on misuse and abuse of controlled drugs and substances and marijuana;
             (5)      Disseminate the results of research on misuse and abuse of controlled drugs and substances and marijuana to promote a better public understanding of what problems exist and what can be done to combat them;
             (6)      Assist in the education and training of state and local enforcement officials in their efforts to control misuse and abuse of controlled drugs and substances and marijuana.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (f); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-151; SL 1976, ch 158, § 42-21.


34-20B-103
     34-20B-103, 34-20B-104.   Repealed by SL 1985, ch 278, § 54.


34-20B-105 Residential alcohol and drug abuse treatment program authorized at Human Services Center.
     34-20B-105.   Residential alcohol and drug abuse treatment program authorized at Human Services Center. The Department of Social Services may establish and operate a residential alcohol and drug abuse treatment program at the South Dakota Human Services Center at Yankton.

Source: SL 1975, ch 255, § 1; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-151.3; SL 1985, ch 278, § 57; SL 1989, ch 21, § 160; SL 2011, ch 1 (Ex. Ord. 11-1), § 163, eff. Apr. 12, 2011.


34-20B-106
     34-20B-106 to 34-20B-109.   Repealed by SL 1985, ch 278, § 54.


34-20B-110 Measures for identification and assessment of effects of controlled substances.
     34-20B-110.   Measures for identification and assessment of effects of controlled substances. In connection with the research authorized by § 34-20B-93 and in furtherance of its other duties, the Department of Health is authorized to establish methods to assess accurately the effects of controlled drugs and substances and to identify and characterize controlled drugs and substances with potential for abuse.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 5 (g) (1); SDCL Supp, § 39-17-152.


34-20B-111
     34-20B-111, 34-20B-112.   Repealed by SL 1985, ch 278, § 55.


34-20B-113 Severability of provisions and applications.
     34-20B-113.   Severability of provisions and applications. If a provision of this chapter is held unconstitutional or invalid, all constitutional or valid provisions that are severable shall remain in effect. If a provision of this chapter is held unconstitutional or invalid in one or more of its applications, the provision shall remain in effect in all its valid applications that are severable.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 15; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-154.


34-20B-114 Citation of chapter.
     34-20B-114.   Citation of chapter. This chapter may be cited as the State Drugs and Substances Control Act.

Source: SL 1970, ch 229, § 17; SDCL Supp, § 39-17-155.


Title 34

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