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15-6 RULES OF PROCEDURE IN CIRCUIT COURTS
CHAPTER 15-6

RULES OF PROCEDURE IN CIRCUIT COURTS

I. SCOPE OF CHAPTER--ONE FORM OF ACTION.

15-6-1--SCOPE OF CHAPTER.

15-6-1      Scope of Chapter.

15-6-2--ONE FORM OF ACTION.

15-6-2      One form of action.
II. COMMENCEMENT OF ACTION--SERVICE OF PROCESS, PLEADINGS, MOTIONS
AND ORDERS.
15-6-3--COMMENCEMENT OF ACTION.

15-6-3      Commencement of action.
15-6-4--PROCESS.

15-6-4(a)      Summons--Form.
15-6-4(b)      Summons served without complaint.
15-6-4(c)      By whom summons served.
15-6-4(d)      Personal service of summons.
15-6-4(e)      Substituted personal service of summons authorized.
15-6-4(f)      Service upon party not a resident of or found within state.
15-6-4(g)      Proof of service.
15-6-4(h)      Amendment of process.
15-6-4(i)      Service by mail--Admission of service--Costs.
15-6-4(j)      Form of notice and admission of service by mail.
15-6-5--SERVICE AND FILING OF PLEADINGS AND OTHER PAPERS.

15-6-5(a)      Service--When required.
15-6-5(b)      Service--How made--Proof.
15-6-5(c)      Service on numerous defendants.
15-6-5(d)      Filing of papers--Originals--Copies.
15-6-5(e)      Definition--"Filing with the court".
15-6-5(f)      Service by facsimile transmission (fax) to parties represented by attorney.
15-6-5(g)      Documents not to be filed--Depositions.
15-6-5(h)      Civil Case Filing Statements.
15-6-5(i)      Service of discovery requests by electronic mail or computer diskette--Costs.
15-6-5(j)      Service by electronic mail (email) to parties represented by attorney.
15-6-6--TIME.

15-6-6(a)      Computation of time.
15-6-6(b)      Enlargement of time.
15-6-6(c)      Superseded.
15-6-6(d)      Time for motion--Affidavits--Briefs.
15-6-6(e)      Additional time after service by mail--Facsimile and electronic mail transmission service exempt.
III. PLEADINGS AND MOTIONS.

15-6-7--PLEADINGS ALLOWED--FORM OF MOTIONS.

15-6-7(a)      Pleadings.
15-6-7(b)      Motions and other papers.
15-6-7(c)      Demurrers, pleas, and exceptions abolished.
15-6-8--GENERAL RULES OF PLEADING.

15-6-8(a)      Claims for relief.
15-6-8(b)      Defenses--Form of denials.
15-6-8(c)      Defenses--Form of denials.
15-6-8(d)      Effect of failure to deny.
15-6-8(e)      Pleading to be concise and direct--Consistency.
15-6-8(f)      Construction of pleadings.
15-6-9--PLEADING SPECIAL MATTERS.

15-6-9(a)      Pleading capacity.
15-6-9(b)      Pleading, fraud, mistake, condition of the mind.
15-6-9(c)      Pleading conditions precedent.
15-6-9(d)      Pleading official document or act.
15-6-9(e)      Pleading judgment.
15-6-9(f)      Pleading time and place.
15-6-9(g)      Pleading special damage.
15-6-9(h)      Unknown party--How designated in pleadings and process.
15-6-9(i)      Complaint in action for libel or slander.
15-6-10--FORM OF PLEADINGS.

15-6-10(a)      Caption--Names of parties.
15-6-10(b)      Paragraphs--Separate statements.
15-6-10(c)      Adoption by reference--Exhibits.
15-6-10(d)      Roman numerals--Use--Restrictions.
15-6-10(e)      Formatting of pleadings.
15-6-11--SIGNING OF PLEADINGS, MOTIONS, AND OTHER PAPERS--
REPRESENTATIONS TO COURT--SANCTIONS.
15-6-11(a)      Signature.
15-6-11(b)      Representations to court.
15-6-11(c)      Sanctions.
15-6-11(d)      Inapplicability to discovery.
15-6-11(e)      Appeal to Supreme Court--Award of attorneys' fees and costs on appeal.
15-6-12--DEFENSES AND OBJECTIONS.

15-6-12(a)      Time for presenting defenses and objections.
15-6-12(b)      Manner of presenting defenses and objections.
15-6-12(c)      Motion for judgment on the pleadings.
15-6-12(d)      Preliminary hearings.
15-6-12(e)      Motion for more definite statement.
15-6-12(f)      Motion to strike.
15-6-12(g)      Consolidation of defenses in motion.
15-6-12(h)      Waiver or preservation of certain defenses.
15-6-13--COUNTERCLAIM AND CROSS-CLAIM.

15-6-13(a)      Compulsory counterclaims.
15-6-13(b)      Permissive counterclaims.
15-6-13(c)      Counterclaim exceeding opposing claim.
15-6-13(d)      Counterclaim against the State of South Dakota.
15-6-13(e)      Counterclaim maturing or acquired after pleading.
15-6-13(f)      Omitted counterclaim.
15-6-13(g)      Cross-claim against co-party.
15-6-13(h)      Joinder of additional parties.
15-6-13(i)      Separate trials--Separate judgments.
15-6-14--THIRD-PARTY PRACTICE.

15-6-14(a)      When defendant may bring in third party.
15-6-14(b)      When plaintiff may bring in third party.
15-6-15--AMENDED AND SUPPLEMENTAL PLEADINGS.

15-6-15(a)      Amendments to pleadings.
15-6-15(b)      Amendments to conform to the evidence.
15-6-15(c)      Relation back of amendments to pleadings.
15-6-15(d)      Supplemental pleadings.
15-6-16--PRETRIAL PROCEDURE--FORMULATING ISSUES.

15-6-16      Pretrial procedure--Formulating issues.
IV. PARTIES.

15-6-17--PARTIES PLAINTIFF AND DEFENDANT--CAPACITY.

15-6-17(a)      Real party in interest.
15-6-17(b)      Capacity to sue or be sued.
15-6-17(c)      Representation of minors or incompetent persons.
15-6-18--JOINDER OF CLAIMS AND REMEDIES.

15-6-18(a)      Joinder of claims.
15-6-18(b)      Joinder of remedies--Fraudulent conveyances.
15-6-19--JOINDER OF PERSONS NEEDED FOR JUST ADJUDICATION.

15-6-19(a)      Persons to be joined if feasible.
15-6-19(b)      Determination by court whenever joinder not feasible.
15-6-19(c)      Pleading reasons for nonjoinder.
15-6-19(d)      Exception of class actions.
15-6-20--PERMISSIVE JOINDER OF PARTIES.

15-6-20(a)      Permissive joinder.
15-6-20(b)      Separate trials.
15-6-21--MISJOINDER AND NONJOINDER OF PARTIES.

15-6-21      Misjoinder and nonjoinder of parties.
15-6-22--INTERPLEADER.

15-6-22      Interpleader.
15-6-23--CLASS ACTIONS.

15-6-23(a)      Prerequisites to a class action.
15-6-23(b)      Class actions maintainable.
15-6-23(c)      Determination by order whether class action to be maintained--Notice--Judgment--Actions conducted partially as class actions.
15-6-23(d)      Orders in conduct of actions.
15-6-23(e)      Dismissal or compromise of class actions.
15-6-23.1--DERIVATIVE ACTIONS BY UNINCORPORATED ASSOCIATIONS.

15-6-23.1      Derivative actions by unincorporated associations.
15-6-23.2--ACTIONS RELATING TO UNINCORPORATED ASSOCIATIONS.

15-6-23.2      Actions relating to unincorporated associations.
15-6-24--INTERVENTION.

15-6-24(a)      Intervention of right.
15-6-24(b)      Permissive intervention.
15-6-24(c)      Procedure for intervention.
15-6-25--SUBSTITUTION OF PARTIES.

15-6-25(a)      Death of party.
15-6-25(b)      Incompetency of party.
15-6-25(c)      Transfer of party's interest.
15-6-25(d)      Officer as party--Death or separation from office.
15-6-25(e)      Judgment for possession of real property--Successor in interest--Revival.
15-6-25.1--NAMING OF DISMISSED OR DROPPED PARTIES.

15-6-25.1      Dismissal of parties--Subsequent pleadings.
V. DISCOVERY.

15-6-26--DISCOVERY PENDING ACTION.

15-6-26(a)      Discovery methods.
15-6-26(b)      Scope of discovery.
15-6-26(c)      Protective orders.
15-6-26(d)      Sequence and timing of discovery.
15-6-26(e)      Supplementation of responses.
15-6-26(f)      Superseded.
15-6-27--DEPOSITIONS BEFORE ACTION OR PENDING APPEAL.

15-6-27(a)      Depositions before action.
15-6-27(b)      Depositions pending appeal.
15-6-27(c)      Perpetuation of testimony by action.
15-6-28--PERSONS BEFORE WHOM DEPOSITIONS MAY BE TAKEN.

15-6-28(a)      Taking depositions within the United States.
15-6-28(b)      Taking depositions in foreign countries.
15-6-28(c)      Disqualification to take deposition for interest.
INTERSTATE DEPOSITIONS AND DISCOVERY.

15-6-28.1      Interstate depositions and discovery.
15-6-28.2      Definitions.
15-6-28.3      Issuance of subpoena for interstate depositions and discovery.
15-6-28.4      Service of subpoena for interstate depositions and discovery.
15-6-28.5      Deposition, production, inspection, witness fees, expenses, place of examination, attendance where required.
15-6-28.6      Application to court.
15-6-29--STIPULATIONS REGARDING THE TAKING OF DEPOSITIONS.

15-6-29      Stipulations regarding the taking of depositions.
15-6-30--DEPOSITIONS UPON ORAL EXAMINATIONS.

15-6-30(a)      When depositions may be taken.
15-6-30(b)      Notice of examination--General requirements--Special notice--Nonstenographic recording--Production of documents and things--Deposition of organization.
15-6-30(c)      Examination and cross-examination--Record of examination--Oath--Objections.
15-6-30(d)      Schedule and duration--Motion to terminate or limit examination.
15-6-30(e)      Submission to witness--Changes--Signing.
15-6-30(f)      Certification and filing by officer--Exhibits--Copies.
15-6-30(g)      Failure to attend or to serve subpoena for deposition expenses.
15-6-31--DEPOSITIONS OF WITNESSES UPON WRITTEN INTERROGATORIES.

15-6-31(a)      Serving questions--Notice.
15-6-31(b)      Officer to take responses and prepare record.
15-6-31(c)      Notice of filing.
15-6-31(d)      Superseded.
15-6-32--EFFECT OF ERRORS AND IRREGULARITIES IN DEPOSITIONS.

15-6-32(a)      Use of depositions.
15-6-32(b)      Objections to admissibility.
15-6-32(c)      Effect of taking or using deposition.
15-6-32(d)      Effect of errors and irregularities in depositions.
15-6-33--INTERROGATORIES TO PARTIES.

15-6-33(a)      Availability--Procedures for use.
15-6-33(b)      Scope--Use at trial.
15-6-33(c)      Option to produce business records.
15-6-34--DISCOVERY AND PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS AND THINGS FOR
INSPECTION, COPYING, OR PHOTOGRAPHING.
15-6-34(a)      Scope.
15-6-34(b)      Procedure.
15-6-34(c)      Persons not parties.
15-6-35--PHYSICAL AND MENTAL EXAMINATIONS AND BLOOD TESTS OF
PERSONS.
15-6-35(a)      Order for examination.
15-6-35(b)      Report of examining physician.
15-6-36--ADMISSION OF FACTS AND OF GENUINENESS OF DOCUMENTS.

15-6-36(a)      Request for admission.
15-6-36(b)      Effect of admission.
15-6-37--REFUSAL TO MAKE DISCOVERY--CONSEQUENCES.

15-6-37(a)      Motion for order compelling disclosure or discovery.
15-6-37(b)      Failure to comply with order.
15-6-37(c)      Failure to disclose--False or misleading disclosure--Refusal to admit.
15-6-37(d)      Failure of party to attend at own deposition or serve answers to interrogatories or respond to request for inspection.
VI. TRIALS.

15-6-38--JURY TRIAL OF RIGHT.

15-6-38(a)      Right to jury trial preserved.
15-6-38(b)      Demand for jury trial.
15-6-38(c)      Specification of issues in demand for jury trial.
15-6-38(d)      Waiver of jury trial.
15-6-39--TRIAL BY JURY OR BY THE COURT.

15-6-39(a)      Trial by jury.
15-6-39(b)      Trial by the court.
15-6-39(c)      Advisory jury and trial by consent.
15-6-40--ASSIGNMENT OF CASES FOR TRIAL.

15-6-40(a)      Issues--When, where, and how tried.
15-6-40(b)      Repealed.
15-6-40(c)      Proceeding in absence of party.
15-6-41--DISMISSAL OF ACTIONS.

15-6-41(a)      Voluntary dismissal--Effect thereof.
15-6-41(b)      Involuntary dismissal--Effect thereof.
15-6-41(c)      Dismissal of counterclaim, cross-claim, or third-party claim.
15-6-41(d)      Costs of previously dismissed action.
15-6-42--CONSOLIDATION--SEPARATE TRIALS.

15-6-42(a)      Consolidation of actions.
15-6-42(b)      Separate trials.
15-6-43--EVIDENCE.

15-6-43(a)      Form and admissibility of evidence.
15-6-43(b)      Superseded.
15-6-43(c)      Superseded.
15-6-43(d)      Oath or affirmation.
15-6-43(e)      Evidence on motions.
15-6-43(f)      Interpreters.
15-6-44--PROOF OF OFFICIAL RECORD.

15-6-44(a)      Authentication of official records.
15-6-44(b)      Proof of lack of official record.
15-6-44(c)      Other proof of official record.
15-6-44.1--DETERMINATION OF FOREIGN LAW.

15-6-44.1      Determination of foreign law.
15-6-45--SUBPOENA.

15-6-45(a)      Subpoena for attendance of witnesses--Form--Issuance.
15-6-45(b)      Subpoena for production of documentary evidence.
15-6-45(c)      Service of subpoena.
15-6-45(d)      Subpoena for taking depositions--Place of examination.
15-6-45(e)      Superseded.
15-6-45(f)      Failure to obey subpoena as contempt.
15-6-45(g)      Nonresident of state served with subpoena in state.
15-6-46--EXCEPTIONS UNNECESSARY.

15-6-46      Exceptions unnecessary.
15-6-47--JURORS.

15-6-47(a)      Examination of jurors.
15-6-47(b)      Alternate jurors.
15-6-48--JURIES OF LESS THAN TWELVE--MAJORITY VERDICT.

15-6-48      Juries of less than twelve--Majority verdict.
15-6-49--SPECIAL VERDICTS AND INTERROGATORIES.

15-6-49(a)      Special verdicts.
15-6-49(b)      General verdict accompanied by answer to interrogatories.
15-6-50--JUDGMENT AS A MATTER OF LAW IN JURY TRIALS--ALTERNATIVE
MOTION FOR NEW TRIAL--CONDITIONAL RULINGS.
15-6-50(a)      Judgment as a matter of law.
15-6-50(b)      Renewing motion for judgment after trial--Alternative motion for new trial.
15-6-50(c)      Granting renewed motion for judgment as a matter law--Conditional rulings--New trial motion.
15-6-50(d)      Denial of motion for judgment as a matter of law.
15-6-51--INSTRUCTIONS TO JURY--OBJECTION.

15-6-51(a)      Instructions to jury--Requests.
15-6-51(b)      Instructions.
15-6-51(c)      Objections.
15-6-52--FINDINGS BY THE COURT.

15-6-52(a)      Effect of findings by the court--Proposals--When unnecessary.
15-6-52(b)      Waiver of findings and conclusions of law.
15-6-53--REFEREES.

15-6-53(a)      Appointment and compensation of referees.
15-6-53(b)      Reference.
15-6-53(c)      Powers of referee.
15-6-53(d)      Proceedings before referee.
15-6-53(e)      Report of referee.
VII. JUDGMENT.

15-6-54--JUDGMENTS--COSTS.

15-6-54(a)      Definition--Form of judgment.
15-6-54(b)      Judgment upon multiple claims or involving multiple parties.
15-6-54(c)      Demand for judgment.
15-6-54(d)      Judgment for costs--Attorneys' fees.
15-6-55--DEFAULT.

15-6-55(a)      Entry of default.
15-6-55(b)      Default judgment.
15-6-55(c)      Setting aside default.
15-6-55(d)      Plaintiffs, counterclaimants and cross-claimants entitled to default.
15-6-56--SUMMARY JUDGMENT.

15-6-56(a)      Summary judgment for claimant.
15-6-56(b)      Summary judgment for defending party.
15-6-56(c)      Motion for summary judgment and proceedings thereon.
15-6-56(d)      Case not fully adjudicated on motion for summary judgment.
15-6-56(e)      Form of affidavits for summary judgment--Further testimony--Defense required.
15-6-56(f)      Opposing summary judgment when affidavits are unavailable.
15-6-56(g)      Summary judgment affidavits made in bad faith.
15-6-57--DECLARATORY JUDGMENTS.

15-6-57      Declaratory judgments.
15-6-58--ENTRY OF JUDGMENT AND ORDERS--EFFECTIVE DATE.

15-6-58      Entry of judgment and orders--Effective date.
15-6-59--NEW TRIALS--AMENDMENT OF JUDGMENTS.

15-6-59(a)      Grounds for new trial.
15-6-59(b)      Time for motion for new trial--Rulings thereon--Extension of time.
15-6-59(c)      Hearing and answering affidavits on motion for new trial.
15-6-59(d)      New trial on initiative of court.
15-6-59(e)      Procedure upon hearing of motion for new trial.
15-6-59(f)      Motion for new trial not required as foundation for appeal in certain cases.
15-6-59(g)      Order granting new trial must show grounds upon which based.
15-6-60--RELIEF FROM JUDGMENT OR ORDER.

15-6-60(a)      Relief from clerical mistakes.
15-6-60(b)      Relief on ground of mistake--Inadvertence--Excusable neglect--Newly discovered evidence--Fraud.
15-6-61--HARMLESS ERROR.

15-6-61      Harmless Error.
15-6-62--STAY OF PROCEEDINGS TO ENFORCE A JUDGMENT.

15-6-62(a)      Automatic stay of execution--Exceptions--Injunctions and receiverships.
15-6-62(b)      Stay of execution on motion for new trial or for judgment.
15-6-62(c)      Injunction pending appeal.
15-6-62(d)      Stay upon appeal.
15-6-62(e)      Stay in favor of the state or agency thereof.
15-6-62(f)      Power of Supreme Court not limited.
15-6-62(g)      Stay of judgment as to multiple claims or multiple parties.
15-6-63--DISABILITY OF A JUDGE.

15-6-63      Disability of a judge.
VIII. PROVISIONAL AND FINAL REMEDIES AND SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS.

15-6-64--SEIZURE OF PERSON OR PROPERTY.

15-6-64      Seizure of person or property.
15-6-65--INJUNCTIONS AND RESTRAINING ORDERS.

15-6-65(a)      Preliminary injunction.
15-6-65(b)      Temporary restraining order without notice.
15-6-65(c)      Undertaking required on preliminary injunction or temporary restraining order--Ascertainment of damages.
15-6-65(d)      Contents of order--Parties bound.
15-6-66--RECEIVERS.

15-6-66      Receivers.
15-6-67--DEPOSIT IN COURT.

15-6-67(a)      Deposit in an action.
15-6-67(b)      Deposit in court by substitution.
15-6-67(c)      Deposit in court when no action is brought.
15-6-67(d)      Court may order deposit or seizure of property.
15-6-67(e)      Voluntary partial payment as credit against judgment.
15-6-68--OFFER OF JUDGMENT.

15-6-68      Offer of Judgment.
15-6-69--EXECUTION.

15-6-69      Execution.
15-6-70--JUDGMENT FOR SPECIFIC ACTS--VESTING TITLE.

15-6-70      Judgment for specific acts--Vesting title.
15-6-71--PROCESS IN BEHALF OF AND AGAINST PERSONS NOT PARTIES.

15-6-71      Process in behalf of and against persons not parties.
IX. RESERVED.

15-6-72 to 15-6-76. Reserved.
X. CIRCUIT COURTS AND CLERKS.

15-6-77--COURTS OF RECORD AND CLERKS.

15-6-77(a)      Trial courts of record always open.
15-6-77(b)      Trials and hearings--Orders in chambers.
15-6-77(c)      Clerk's office and orders by clerk.
15-6-78, 15-6-79. Reserved.
15-6-80--STENOGRAPHIC REPORT OR TRANSCRIPT AS EVIDENCE.

15-6-80      Stenographic report or transcript as evidence.
XI. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

15-6-81--APPLICABILITY.

15-6-81(a)      Procedure preserved.
15-6-81(b)      Omitted.
15-6-81(c)      Appeals to circuit courts.
15-6-81(d)      Chapter incorporated into statutes.
15-6-82--JURISDICTION AND VENUE.

15-6-82      Jurisdiction and venue.
15-6-83--RULES BY COURTS OF RECORD.

15-6-83      Rules by courts of record.
15-6-84--FORMS.

15-6-84      Forms.
15-6-85--TITLE.

15-6-85      Title.
15-6-86--EFFECTIVE DATE.

15-6-86      Effective date.
APPENDIX A. SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS (See § 15-6-81(a)).
APPENDIX B. CIRCUIT COURT RULES (See § 15-6-83).
APPENDIX OF FORMS.


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